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Ammonia

Study: Safe ammonia bunkering is ‘economically and operationally viable’ within Pilbara region

Study, commissioned by Yara and Pilbara Ports, was undertaken by Lloyds Register, and looked at key areas including the estimated demand and likely availability of ammonia as a replacement bunker fuel.

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Pilbara Ports Authority on Monday (6 November) said a feasibility study has highlighted the potential for using clean ammonia to refuel ships, particularly iron ore carriers, visiting the Pilbara region of Western Australia.

The study, commissioned by Yara Clean Ammonia (Yara) and Pilbara Ports, was undertaken by classification society Lloyds Register, and looked at key areas including the estimated demand and likely availability of ammonia as a replacement shipping fuel. The potential risks and regulatory requirements for ammonia bunkering (refueling) at the ports were also considered.

Key results of the study show that safe ammonia bunkering is both economically and operationally viable within the Pilbara region.

The study indicated that ship-to-ship bunkering operations could be performed within acceptable risk levels at anchorages in Dampier and Port Hedland. Moreover, the study confirms that existing ammonia production and export infrastructure within the Pilbara, such as Yara’s Karratha plant and Pilbara Ports’ Bulk Liquids Berth at Dampier, could be leveraged to initiate bunkering operations in the near-term.

The results also show the demand for ammonia as a fuel to decarbonise the international iron ore trade, reaching a volume potential of 1 million to 1.5 million tonnes in 2035.

Yara Clean Ammonia Senior Vice President Commercial Murali Srinivasan said the level of demand reflected the push by iron ore miners and the steel industry to decarbonise.

“The study has shown that a key enabler for meeting this demand is Yara’s existing assets including the world-scale Yara Pilbara Fertilizers ammonia plant near Karratha. Furthermore, the current development of Yuri renewable hydrogen project on the Yara Pilbara site will be the first in Australia to inject green molecules into an existing ammonia plant, and Yara is vigorously exploring options to ramp up volumes of clean and low carbon ammonia to lay the foundation for a reliable supply chain to serve the emerging shipping fuel market.” Mr Srinivasan said.

Pilbara Ports Chief Executive Officer Samuel McSkimming said that, with the carbon reduction efforts in the steel industry supply chain, bulk carriers are a natural starting point for the early adoption of alternative marine fuels.

“The Pilbara contains the world’s largest bulk export ports. Last year we achieved 752.4 million tonnes of trade with more than 6,829 vessel visits. This scale of operations cannot be found anywhere else in the world, and it makes the Pilbara’s ports the natural beachhead from which the global bulk carrier fleet will decarbonise,” Mr McSkimming said.

“The study is an important step towards implementing safe ship to ship ammonia bunkering at our anchorages in Dampier and Port Hedland.

“Ammonia is already widely produced, used, and shipped in industrial quantities around the world. To be able to expand its application as a green shipping fuel would greatly reduce shipping emissions.”

A domestic bunkering industry in the Pilbara would also create new industry and job opportunities for Western Australia and the Pilbara community.

“We are proud to contribute to a green transition in the Pilbara region and more broadly in the global shipping industry. Pilbara Ports is progressing on several strategically significant projects, including major port infrastructure upgrades at Dampier and Port Hedland, to support the production of clean fuels in the Pilbara,” Mr McSkimming said

Pilbara Ports and Yara plan to continue working together as first movers to enable safe  ammonia bunkering in the Pilbara as the switch to zero-carbon shipping materializes.

Related: LR chosen to conduct feasibility study on Pilbara potential for ammonia bunkering

Photo credit: Pilbara Ports Authority
Published: 7 November, 2023

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Ammonia

Enaex and NYK to research feasibility of low-carbon ammonia bunker fuel supply

Enaex and NBP will work out the details to supply low-carbon ammonia to ammonia-fuelled Handymax bulkers at their Mejillones ammonia terminal in the Antofagasta region of northern Chile.

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Enaex and NYK to research feasibility of low-carbon ammonia bunker fuel supply

Chilean ammonium nitrate producer Enaex S.A. and NYK Bulk & Projects Carriers Ltd. (NBP), a member of the NYK Group, signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) in January to jointly research the feasibility of supplying low-carbon ammonia bunker fuel to ammonia-fuelled ships, according to NYK on Wednesday (21 February). 

NBP will build 10 to 15 ammonia-fuelled Handymax bulkers in the late 2020s and beyond to transport copper products from Chile to the Far East for Corporación Nacional del Cobre de Chile (CODELCO), a world-leading copper producer. 

In the future, Enaex and NBP will work out the details to supply low-carbon ammonia to the vessels at Mejillones ammonia terminal in the Antofagasta region of northern Chile.

The MoU was signed at Enaex's headquarters in Santiago, Chile, in the presence of Juan Andrés Errázuriz Domínguez, CEO of Enaex, Hitoshi Nagasawa, chairman of NYK, and Masashi Suda, president of NBP.

 

Photo credit: NYK
Published: 22 February, 2024

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Ammonia

CMB.TECH orders world’s first ammonia-powered container ship from Chinese shipyard

Firm partnered with Yara and North Sea Container Line for order; vessel to be named “Yara Eyde” is a 1.400 TEU ice-class container ship to be built at Qingdao Yangfan Shipbuilding.

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CMB.TECH orders world’s first ammonia-powered container ship from China shipyard

Cleantech maritime group CMB.TECH on Monday (12 February) announced the order of the world’s first ammonia-powered container vessel in partnership with Yara Clean Ammonia, North Sea Container Line and Yara International through a 15-year deal.

The vessel, to be named Yara Eyde, is a 1.400 TEU ice-class container ship to be built at Qingdao Yangfan Shipbuilding (Qingdao, China). Expected to be delivered by mid-2026, the Yara Eyde is set to become the world’s first ammonia-powered container vessel. It will run on clean ammonia, serving routes between Norway and Germany.

The vessel will be owned by Delphis, the container division of CMB.TECH and operated by NCL Oslofjord AS, a joint venture between North Sea Container Line and Yara Clean Ammonia. The commercial operations will be managed by NCL’s existing set-up while Yara Clean Ammonia will deliver ammonia fuel to the vessel. 

The joint venture has secured a long-term CoA with Yara International for the freight of containers between Yara’s fertiliser plant in Porsgrunn, Norway and Hamburg and Bremerhaven in Germany. It is their aim to become the world’s first line operator to focus exclusively on ammonia-powered ships.

NCL Oslofjord chose to partner with CMB.TECH for its expertise in hydrogen and ammonia engines. This innovative project is an important milestone for the decarbonisation of shipping and reducing greenhouse gas emissions in Europe, demonstrating that clean ammonia can provide cost-effective and environmentally friendly maritime transport.

Alexander Saverys, CEO of CMB.TECH, said: "We are delighted to partner up with Yara and NCL to build the world’s first ammonia-powered container ship.”

“Yara, NCL and CMB.TECH are walking the talk to decarbonise shipping by combining our knowhow on clean ammonia, operational excellence in the North Sea and state-of-the-art low-carbon ships. We want to prove to the world that we can decarbonise today to navigate tomorrow.”

Magnus Krogh Ankarstrand, President Yara Clean Ammonia, said: "Uniting forward-thinking entities, this project accelerates the development of a zero-emission supply chain for Scandinavia and Northwest Europe's container shipments.”

“It's the first of its kind globally, demonstrating clean ammonia's potential to decarbonise the maritime industry. We are excited about our joint partnership with CMB.TECH, a major player in shipping and a leader in developing new fuel technologies.”

Bente Hetland, CEO of NCL, said: "With their extensive experience with hydrogen-based fuels, CMB.TECH was the ideal partner for this unique project. We are extremely impressed with the innovative culture in CMB.TECH and their dedication to making an impact.”

“The project proves that decarbonisation is possible today, and we are confident that the project will pave the way for clean ammonia as a dominating fuel in the industry.”

Related: Euronav to fully acquire cleantech maritime group CMB.TECH 

 

Photo credit: CMB.TECH
Published: 22 February, 2024

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Ammonia

Singapore: GCMD to organise technical webinar on its ammonia bunkering safety study

Vibin Chandrabose, Director for Research and Projects at the GCMD, will be sharing findings from GCMD’s inaugural study on piloting ammonia bunkering in Singapore, launched last year.

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Singapore: GCMD to organise technical webinar on its Ammonia Bunkering Safety Study

The Global Centre for Maritime Decarbonisation (GCMD) on Tuesday (20 February) said it was organising a technical webinar titled Key Insights from GCMD’s Ammonia Bunkering Safety Study.

Vibin Chandrabose, Director for Research and Projects at the GCMD, will be sharing findings from GCMD’s inaugural study on piloting ammonia bunkering in Singapore, launched last year. 

In this webinar, Vibin will be sharing the following: 

  • In-depth analysis of ammonia bunker demand forecast in Singapore
  • Identification and evaluation of feasible designs for modes of ammonia breakbulk and bunkering
  • Identification of suitable sites for piloting ammonia bunkering
  • Comprehensive assessment of potential hazards, key risks, and mitigation measures
  • Coarse Quantitative Risk Analysis (cQRA) to quantify the risks related to ammonia transfer operations, and
  • Estimation of the total capital expenditure required for additional infrastructure build-out needed to operationalise ammonia bunkering at two land-based sites

The ammonia projects team will be available to answer questions after the webinar. 

Date: 1 March 2024, Friday
Time: 4:00 - 5:00 PM SGT (9:00 - 10:00 AM CET)

Note: Registration for GCMD’s technical webinar can be found here.

Related: Completed safety study paves way for first ammonia bunkering pilot in Singapore

 

Photo credit: Global Centre for Maritime Decarbonisation
Published: 20 February, 2024

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