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Singapore Maritime Institute expands study on ammonia bunkering 

Data and insights gathered through the research will serve as a strong foundation to bring solutions to mitigate ammonia bunkering release scenarios in Singapore waters, says lead research engineer.

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Singapore Maritime Institute on Friday (6 October) said it partnered with several parties to research the potential safety, mitigation technology and environmental challenges in ammonia bunkering.

The partners are Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore (MPA) and Singapore Maritime Institute (SMI), researchers from the Maritime Energy & Sustainable Development Centre of Excellence (MESD) at NTU, A*STAR’s Institute of High Performance Computing (IHPC) and the NUS Tropical Marine Science Institute.

Building on the results obtained in MESD's previous study, "Ammonia as a marine fuel – bunkering, safety and release simulations", which was released in October 2022, researchers from the three institutes broadened their research focus to encompass a wider range of factors influencing ammonia release. 

The expanded study, titled “Mitigation technology and environmental impact from ammonia bunkering release”, considers different potential ammonia leakage scenarios and aims to develop recommended emergency protocols for addressing such ammonia leaks.

In a video accompanying the post, Venugopalan Raghavan, Lead Research Engineer, Institute of High Performance Computing, A*Star, said: “The project aims to establish advanced modelling and simulation capabilities for ammonia dispersion in sea and air, to develop mitigation technologies for ammonia bunkering in marine environments and assess the environmental impact of ammonia release.”

“The data and insights that we gather through this research will serve as a strong foundation for us to bring solutions to mitigate ammonia bunkering release scenarios in Singapore waters.”

Screenshot 2023 10 10 at 1.38.52 PM

Dr Liu Ming, Research Lead and Project PI, MESD, said “An essential part of our research is a development of practical and effective mitigation solutions. The development and findings we have gleaned from our previous research gave us a clearer understanding and scale of that goal.”

“By examining the existing ammonia mitigation examples and technologies, such as the use of water and physical barriers, we have a strong head start to begin creating effective mitigation solutions for safe ammonia. However, there is no proven mitigation solution to safely resolve ammonia release on the water surface.”

“And this has been a key focus of our research efforts. By solving this challenge, we will have a full range of mitigation solutions that cover the different possibilities of ammonia release. And the fast track the enablement of ammonia bunkering in Singapore. Our research will provide a comprehensive assessment of a safe ammonia bunkering operation.”

Note: The video on “Mitigation technology and environmental impact from ammonia bunkering release” can be found here

Related: Singapore: MESD researchers publish paper on accidental release of ammonia during ammonia bunkering

Photo credit: Singapore Maritime Institute
Published: 10 October, 2023

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Ammonia

SMW 2024: Fortescue gets DNV certificates for ammonia-powered vessel

DNV presented Fortescue with class and statutory certificates for its dual-fuelled ammonia-powered vessel “Green Pioneer” at a ceremony held during Singapore Maritime Week.

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SMW 2024: Fortescue gets DNV certificates for ammonia-powered vessel

Classification society DNV on Friday (19 April) presented Australian green technology, energy and metals company Fortescue with class and statutory certificates for its dual-fuelled ammonia-powered vessel Green Pioneer at a ceremony held during Singapore Maritime Week. 

The occasion marked the culmination of a project that began in 2021, when DNV was engaged by Fortescue to work on the feasibility study and 'Fuel ready (Ammonia)' notation for the vessel’s conversion.   

DNV's Technology Qualification process provided the framework for the qualification and assurance of the engine modifications, where industry rules were yet to be developed. 

Additionally, DNV’s Gas Fuelled Ammonia notation, an industry first, set out the requirements for the ship’s fuel system, fuel bunkering connection and piping through to the fuel consumers.

With no IMO regulations covering the specific use of ammonia, DNV and Fortescue utilized the SOLAS provision for Alternative Design Arrangements (ADA) with the backing of the Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore, particularly around fire and evacuation risks.

Dino Otranto, Fortescue Metals CEO, said: "The Fortescue Green Pioneer proves to the world that the shipping industry can, and must, innovate to stop burning fossil fuels. We know 2024 is a pivotal year for global shipping and will have an enormous impact on ammonia’s use as a marine fuel this decade and beyond. The shipping industry must adopt early use of ‘real zero’, long-term solutions such as green ammonia.”

“When Fortescue embarked on this cutting-edge project, it was vital that we worked with organisations like DNV that shared our vision for pioneering solutions to drive decarbonization in the industry.

“DNV has brought a high level of competence, focus, and agility to this project. Their solution-focused and ‘can-do’ attitude without compromising their core roles of safety and quality was immense.”

Cristina Saenz de Santa Maria, DNV’s Regional Manager South East Asia, Pacific & India, Maritime, said: "Fortescue's commitment to decarbonization aligns perfectly with DNV's vision, and we are honoured to be part of this pioneering project.”

“Our global teams have worked closely with Fortescue over the last two years, from the engine bed-testing stage through to commissioning and trials, to help realize this milestone. We look forward to continuing this partnership and supporting Fortescue as we both strive to create a greener future for shipping.”

In 2022, Fortescue successfully converted a four-stroke engine to run on ammonia in combination with diesel at its land-based testing facility in Perth, Western Australia. Conversion work later began on the Green Pioneer at the Seatrium yard in Singapore to convert the vessel’s engines to run on ammonia in combination with conventional fuels.  

Fortescue’s Green Pioneer completed the world’s first ammonia bunkering trial safely at an ammonia facility on Jurong Island, in the Port of Singapore in March 2024, following which the vessel received flag approval from the Singapore Registry of Ships (SRS) and the ‘Gas Fuelled Ammonia’ notation from DNV.

Related: Fortescue successfully conducts world’s first ammonia bunker fuel trial in Singapore
Related: SMW 2024: MPA receives 50 submissions for EOI to supply methanol bunker fuel in Singapore

 

Photo credit: DNV
Published: 22 April 2024

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Malaysia: MISC petroleum arm AET places order for world’s first ammonia dual-fuel Aframax duo

AET signed shipbuilding contracts for ships with CSSC subsidiary DSIC; MISC also entered into Time Charter Party Contracts with PETCO Trading Labuan Company Ltd via AET for vessels.

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Malaysia: MISC petroleum arm AET places order for world’s first ammonia dual-fuel Aframax duo

MISC’s petroleum arm AET signed shipbuilding contracts for the world’s first two ammonia dual-fuel Aframaxes with China State Shipbuilding Corporation subsidiary Dalian Shipbuilding Industry Co., Ltd (DSIC), according to MISC on Friday (19 April).

MISC also entered into Time Charter Party Contracts (TCP) with PETCO Trading Labuan Company Ltd (PTLCL) via AET for the vessels. 

Through these vessels, PTLCL will be able to transport its products to customers around the world while contributing to the industry decarbonisation by utilising ammonia as the cleaner alternative to conventional bunker fuel.

The TCP was signed by Mr. Zahid Osman, President & CEO of AET and Mr. Shamsul Bahari Salleh, CEO of PTLCL; and witnessed by Captain Rajalingam Subramaniam, President and Group CEO of MISC, and Mr. Ahmad Adly Alias, Chairman of PTLCL.

Malaysia: MISC petroleum arm AET places order for world’s first ammonia dual-fuel Aframax duo

A 3D model of two of the world’s first ammonia dual-fuel Aframaxes to be constructed by Dalian Shipbuilding and owned by AET

Captain Rajalingam Subramaniam, President and Group CEO of MISC, said: “Congratulations to AET and PTLCL for reaching a significant step of materialisation today since the signing of the Memorandum of Understanding in February 2023.”

“It's been made more meaningful, collaborating with PTLCL, a member of the PETRONAS Group. Thank you, Dalian Shipbuilding Industry Co., Ltd. for being part of this journey. Well done to MISC Marine and New Energy & Decarbonisation of MISC, the critical enablers in bringing this vision to life.

These partnerships seamlessly align with our collective vision of driving meaningful and purposeful change globally as we progress towards a net-zero future. With the signing of these contracts, we're not only advancing sustainable practices but accelerating our journey towards the MISC Group's 2030 aspirations.

Zahid Osman, President & CEO of AET, said: “With today’s signings of the Shipbuilding Contracts with DSIC and the Time Charter Party Contracts with PTLCL for the world’s first two ammonia dual-fuel Aframaxes, we take concrete actions to deliver on our commitment as industry leaders to progress the decarbonisation of the shipping sector.”

“The introduction of these two vessels will reduce the overall emissions from our operations whilst we deliver more energy for the world. I would like to thank PTLCL and DSIC for their forward thinking and collaboration to spearheading this new generation of ultra-low emissions tankers to support the decarbonisation of the maritime industry.”

 

Photo credit: MISC
Published: 22 April 2024

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SMW 2024: Maritime International Advisory Panel discusses decarbonisation, green financing, digitalisation

Panel noted that financial institutions were willing to provide lending for suitable projects to support maritime decarbonisation with sufficient assurance that the default risks were managed.

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SMW 2024: Maritime International Advisory Panel discusses decarbonisation, green financing, digitalisation

The Maritime International Advisory Panel (IAP) held its third annual meeting on 16 April 2024, during the Singapore Maritime Week 2024. 

This year, the Maritime IAP held in-depth discussions on the key developments in the maritime sector, including decarbonisation, green financing, digitalisation and cybersecurity. 

Members of the panel who were present included Hiroaki Sakashita, President and CEO, ClassNK, Stephen Fewster, Managing Director, Global Head, Shipping Finance, ING Bank, Nick Brown, CEO, Lloyd’s Register, and Jonathan Wright, Global Managing Partner, Global Finance and Supply Chain Transformation Service Line Leader, IBM.

Established in 2022 by the Ministry of Transport (MOT) and the Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore (MPA), the Maritime IAP aims to seek international perspectives on key long-term trends and developments that will shape the maritime industry. 

It comprises global leaders from the maritime sector, adjacent industries and academia, and is chaired by Mr Chee Hong Tat, Minister for Transport and Second Minister for Finance. Local industry and union leaders also joined the meeting to share their perspectives.

IAP comprises global leaders from the maritime sector, adjacent industries and academia, and is chaired by Mr Chee Hong Tat, Minister for Transport and Second Minister for Finance.

IAP comprises global leaders from the maritime sector, adjacent industries and academia, and is chaired by Mr Chee Hong Tat, Minister for Transport and Second Minister for Finance.

Key Trends and Opportunities for the Maritime Sector

The Maritime IAP highlighted that despite geopolitical uncertainties and supply chain shifts, there were significant opportunities for the global maritime sector in the following areas:

  • Accelerating the green transition towards a low- and zero-carbon future, supported by important enablers such as financing for green shipping;
  • Deepening the utilisation of technology and digitalisation while strengthening cyber resilience; and
  • Training and re-skilling the maritime workforce to take on the new job opportunities of the future.

The Maritime IAP emphasised that Singapore plays an important role in facilitating global trade flows, supporting global maritime decarbonisation, and advancing maritime digitalisation and cyber-resilience. 

Singapore’s position as a trusted and established maritime eco-system could catalyse green financing solutions, unlock the benefits of deeper utilisation of technology and data, and position it as a training hub to develop the skills needed by the future maritime workforce.

Strengthening Maritime Ecosystem Amid Global Shifts and Green Transition

Against the backdrop of global uncertainties, the Maritime IAP highlighted that Singapore could be an important trade and maritime intermediary, given its status as a neutral, trusted, and leading maritime hub. With growing trade to emerging regions as trade flows shifted, the panel believed Singapore would be an important conduit for new trades going forward. The panel further suggested for Singapore to become a trusted maritime technology hub for the development, installation, and accreditation of critical technologies, especially for those fitted onboard ships.

The Maritime IAP noted that amidst the ongoing green transition, there would be competing demands for various low- or zero-carbon fuels (e.g. hydrogen, ammonia, methanol) from other sectors.

The Maritime IAP highlighted the need to draw on a wide range of green financing instruments and investments to catalyse change, address hurdles and accelerate the sector’s green transition. 

The panel also noted that financial institutions were willing to provide lending for suitable projects to support maritime decarbonisation with sufficient assurance that the default risks were managed. To address the financing needs of the sector, the panel suggested for maritime stakeholders to pool their needs, while demand aggregation would help smaller companies gain better access to suitable solutions and financing, and also allow financial institutions to better determine and manage the risks involved.

 

Photo credit: Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore
Published: 19 April 2024

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