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Fincantieri to build two new hydrogen-powered ships for MSC Explora Journey fleet

“EXPLORA V” and “EXPLORA VI” will have new energy efficiency measures and will also be capable of using alternative bunker fuels such as bio and synthetic gas and methanol.

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Italian shipbuilder Fincantieri on Thursday (21 September) said the Cruise Division of MSC Group confirmed firm orders for two hydrogen-powered vessels for its luxury travel brand Explora Journeys.

The deal completes a total investment of EUR 3.5 billion in six luxury ships for Explora Journeys. The contracts are subject to access to financing as per industry practice.

EXPLORA V and EXPLORA VI will have new energy efficiency measures and will also be capable of using alternative bunker fuels such as bio and synthetic gas and methanol and the Cruise Division will work in the future with Fincantieri to equip the ships with future technologies including carbon capture, and more advanced waste management systems. The two confirmed additions to Explora Journeys’ fleet will be delivered in 2027 and 2028.

Pierfrancesco Vago, Executive Chairman - Cruise Division, MSC Group, said, “With Explora Journeys we have created a luxury brand that has been successful at redefining luxury at sea. We are seeing continued growth in the luxury segment and the investment in these two new ships shows our commitment to continue to grow within this sector as well as to invest in ships of the future.”

“Together with Fincantieri we will study the newest technology that the world has to offer and continue with our commitment to introduce these technologies to drive efficiencies across the whole spectrum of ship performance.  And of course we will continue to deliver the very best luxury travel experience, immersing our guests in the ocean state of mind with an sustainable soul.”

Pierroberto Folgiero, Chief Executive Officer, Fincantieri, said “This new contract with MSC is a sign of the growing vitality of the cruise sector, in line with what we had predicted. In strategic terms, our future will depend on our ability to lead the evolution of the sector towards all energy and digital transition technologies with the entrepreneurship required to validate, industrialise and commercialise new solutions.”

“The relevance of the partnership with MSC in this sense is a great strategic stimulus towards the future in line with the technological development goals set out in our new business plan. We are therefore particularly proud that the Explora project will mark the acceleration of this new phase, which with the fifth and sixth ships, will reach the highest level of advancement, making Fincantieri's vision of the ship of the future ever more concrete.”

The two new ships will pursue the use of liquid hydrogen with fuel cells for their hotel operations while docked in ports to eliminate carbon emissions with the vessels’ engines switched off. The ships will also feature a new generation of LNG engines that will further tackle the issue of methane slip with the use of containment systems.

Explora Journeys’ first ship, EXPLORA I was delivered by Fincantieri in July 2023 and is currently operating in Northern Europe.  The ship will spend the autumn in North America, and the winter in the Caribbean Sea.  She will sail during the spring 2024 off the U.S. West Coast and Hawaii before returning to Europe in summer 2024 for a series of journeys in the Mediterranean Sea.

EXPLORA II will enter service in summer 2024 and operate until April 2025 in the Mediterranean Sea, the Middle East, the Indian Ocean and Africa visiting 82 ports in 26 countries.  EXPLORA II first ‘touched water’ on 6 September 2023 at a ‘float out’ ceremony near Genoa in Italy.

EXPLORA III will enter service in summer 2026 and construction of the LNG-powered vessel started on 6 September 2023 with a steel-cutting ceremony.  Construction of LNG-powered EXPLORA IV will begin in January 2024 and will be completed in early 2027.

All six ships in Explora Journeys’ fleet will be equipped with the latest environmental and marine technologies and will also feature the latest selective catalytic reduction technology to enable a reduction of nitrogen oxide emissions by 90 per cent, be equipped with shore power plug-in connectivity to reduce emissions in port and fitted with underwater noise management systems to help protect marine life.  

All six vessels will also have a comprehensive range of onboard energy efficient equipment to optimise engine use to further reduce emissions.

Photo credit: Fincantieri
Published: 22 September, 2023

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Alternative Fuels

DNV white paper: Demand for ammonia as bunker fuel in 2030 is estimated to be 2.3 MTPA

Demand for ammonia as a maritime fuel is modelled to grow from 2.3 MTPA in 2030 to 62 MTPA in 2040, and 245 MTPA in 2050, according to DNV study.

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DNV white paper: Demand for ammonia as bunker fuel in 2030 is estimated to be 2.3 MTPA

The demand for ammonia as a maritime fuel in 2030 is estimated to be 2.3 MTPA, increasing rapidly to 62 MTPA in 2040 and 245 MTPA in 2050, according to a new whitepaper by classification society DNV published recently. 

The report added that the maritime sector will use only green and blue ammonia.

The whitepaper, titled Availability of green and blue ammonia in 2030 to 2050 found that that per Q2 2023, the global green and blue ammonia production industry has announced 161 clean ammonia projects with a total production capacity of 244 MTPA.

“Of the announced 244 MTPA, little over a sixth (43 MTPA) is estimated to be available in the balanced scenario. From this, about 14 MTPA is projected to be blue. Green ammonia dedicated to shipping may be in the range of 4–7 MTPA, and 21–31 MTPA will potentially be available across fertilizers, energy, and fuel markets,” the study explained. 

Ammonia for shipping fuel is targeted by 30 projects across 10 countries with a combined output of 20.8 MTPA. Almost all these projects plan for green ammonia. The leading countries are Australia (49% share) and Egypt (33 % share). 

In addition, 93 other projects have announced end-use combinations of fuel and either fertilizer, energy, or both, with combined production amounting to 174 MTPA. If all the announced projects are successful according to their planned onstream date, the possible supply of ammonia for shipping fuel would be in the range 21–195 MTPA, with 21–151 MTPA available in 2030.

DNV said the whitepaper shed light on critical questions regarding the future of ammonia and examined the supply and demand of green and blue ammonia in its latest white paper based on a review of announced ammonia-plant projects and longer-term demand predictions.

In response to the anticipated delivery of ammonia engines, fuel producers are announcing production plants for ammonia that is clean from well to wake.

“So, how will ammonia supply and demand develop towards 2030 and beyond? How will different industries compete for ammonia? And which ammonia types will prevail?,” DNV explained some of the questions they helped to answer. 

Note: The whitepaper can be downloaded here

 

Photo credit: DNV
Published: 8 May 2024

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Alternative Fuels

Walvis Bay green hydrogen production plant to include ammonia bunkering

Cleanergy Green Hydrogen site includes a hydrogen refuelling station and a production plant; plant will include projects including ammonia bunkering and large-scale hydrogen and ammonia production.

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Walvis Bay green hydrogen production plant to include ammonia bunkering

Cleanergy Solutions Namibia, a joint venture between CMB.TECH and the Ohlthaver & List (O&L) Group, has proudly hosted the Cleanergy Green Hydrogen progress showcase at the plant’s site in Walvis Bay, Namibia, under the guidance of His Majesty, the King of the Belgians and H.E. Dr Nangolo Mbumba, President of the Republic of Namibia. 

The milestone marked an important step in positioning Namibia as a frontrunner in the global green hydrogen economy, according to CMB.TECH on Saturday (2 May).

The event was aimed to showcase the progress of the Cleanergy Green Hydrogen site. Expected to be operational in the fourth quarter of 2024, the hydrogen refuelling station marked an important first step in the commitment to becoming a leader in renewable energy solutions in Namibia.

A highlight of the site visit was the ceremonial first filling of a dual-fuel truck at the hydrogen refuelling station, officiated by His Majesty the King of the Belgians and H.E. Dr Nangolo Mbumba, President of the Republic of Namibia. 

The site includes a hydrogen refuelling station and a production plant. The facility uses only solar energy for the on-site production of green hydrogen and will be used for hydrogen-powered trucks, port equipment, railway applications and small ships. 

The hydrogen production plant is the first phase of a five-year plan with several projects at different locations, including ammonia bunkering, pipelines and large-scale hydrogen and ammonia production.

In addition, Cleanergy, together with CMB.TECH, Port of Antwerp Bruges and Namport, will launch the first hydrogen-powered ship in Africa. Building on the successful collaboration between CMB.TECH and Port of Antwerp Bruges, as demonstrated by the launch of the Hydrotug and the world's first multimodal hydrogen refuelling station in the port of Antwerp, the focus now shifts to the development of a Multifunctional Port Utility Vessel (MPHUV) powered by dual-fuel hydrogen engines. The MPHUV's versatile design will enable the integration of different equipment needed for a range of port operations, significantly reducing greenhouse gas emissions during operations.

Given the ability of ports to act as hubs for hydrogen technology implementation and efforts to reduce carbon emissions, the Port of Walvis Bay and Namport emerge as an ideal partner to operate Africa's first hydrogen vessel. The port's involvement will provide invaluable insights into the vessel's specifications during development and refine the concept based on operational experience and feedback from users once it is commissioned.

A key element of the Cleanergy Green Hydrogen site is knowledge exchange, exemplified by the establishment of the Hydrogen Academy on-site. The Cleanergy Solutions team, suppliers, customers, as well as Namibian and European universities and institutes, will jointly upskill Namibians on hydrogen and its diverse economic potentials. The aim is to transform the Hydrogen Academy into a premier hub of hydrogen expertise in Namibia.

 

Photo credit: CMB.TECH
Published: 7 May 2024

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Alternative Fuels

Bergen Engines to provide generating sets for world’s largest hydrogen-powered ferries

Generating sets will be fuelled by low carbon Hydrotreated Vegetable Oil and will serve as reliable support power to the hydrogen fuel cells onboard, which act as the vessel’s main propulsion power.

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Bergen Engines to provide generating sets for world’s largest hydrogen-powered ferries

Bergen Engines, a producer of medium-speed engines and generating sets, on Wednesday (1 May) said it has been selected to provide four C25:33L8A generating sets to support the world’s largest hydrogen ferries, operating on Norway’s longest ferry connection from Bodø to Lofoten.

The generating sets will be fuelled by low carbon Hydrotreated Vegetable Oil (HVO) and will serve as reliable support power to the hydrogen fuel cells onboard, which act as the vessel’s main propulsion power. These new ferries will be powered with a hybrid mix of 85% hydrogen fuel cells and 15% biofuel from Bergen’s C25:33 engines.

The hydrogen ferries, commissioned by Torghatten Nord, have been designed by Norwegian Ship Design Company and will be constructed by Myklebust Verft. 

Eirik Olsen, Operations Director at Torghatten Nord, said: “Norway has the will, expertise, and experience needed to realise our zero-emission ambitions, and develop world-leading solutions for maritime operations.”

“Our Norwegian partners are at the forefront of design and development in energy-efficient ships and technology, and this project will greatly contribute to competence development in maritime, electrical, automation, and engineering fields.”

Through this project, Torghatten Nord will become the first major purchaser of hydrogen in Norway, contributing significantly to the further advancement of the Norwegian hydrogen industry. 

 

Photo credit: Bergen Engines
Published: 2 May, 2024

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