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LNG Bunkering

China: CIMC SOE delivers new LNG bunkering vessel to CNOOC

“Hai Yang Shi You 302” is China’s first transport and bunkering ship that is capable of operating on all rivers and seas and also the first of its type to pass CCS construction inspection.

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China: CIMC SOE delivers new LNG transport and bunkering vessel to CNOOC

CIMC Enric Holdings Limited on Sunday (28 April) said its subsidiary, Nantong CIMC Sinopacific Offshore & Engineering (CIMC SOE), delivered the country’s first transport and bunkering ship that is capable of operating on all rivers and seas during all seasons including winter. 

The vessel, named Hai Yang Shi You 302, was built for Offshore Oil Yangjiang Industrial Co., Ltd. (CNOOC), a subsidiary of Cnooc Energy Technology & Services Limited.

The ship is also China’s first transport and bunkering ship that passed the China Classification Society’s (CCS) construction inspection.

It has a total length of 132.9 metres, a molded width of 22 metres, a molded depth of 11.8 metres, and a total cargo hold capacity of 12,000 cubic metres. 

The vessel has the capability to operate at a reduced power energy consumption and lower fuel consumption by up to 1 metric tonnes per day compared with ships with traditional push-type propellers.

The bunkering ship has a maximum refuelling speed of 2,000 cubic metres per hour. It can complete the refuelling task of large LNG-fuelled ships in a short period of time. 

It can sail through ice areas and can provide flexible bunkering services for China's LNG-fuelled ships in rivers and seas.

To date, CIMC SOE has successfully delivered more than 40 liquefied gas carriers and bunkering ships of various types. There are currently nine LNG bunkering ships under construction in the world, seven of which are being built by CIMC SOE. 

Manifold Times previously reported China National Offshore Oil Corporation (CNOOC) announcing China’s first self-developed and world’s largest LNG bunkering vessel Hai Yang Shi You 301, which it owns, completed 10 refuelling operations to date. 

In November 2022, the ship completed its transformation to a bunkering vessel from a LNG carrier ship after 105 days and was classified as such and was ready to refuel vessels in January 2023.

It was the first LNG carrier vessel independently designed, built, managed and operating in China and was built by Jiangnan Shipyard before it was in operation in 2015.

Related: China: Converted LNG bunkering vessel “Hai Yang Shi You 301” completes 10 refuelling ops
Related: China: “Hai Yang Shi You 301” completes first LNG SIMOPS op in Zhejiang
Related: China completes its first LNG bunkering vessel “Hai Yang Shi You 301” conversion project
Related: China’s first LNG bunkering vessel “Hai Yang Shi You 301” transformation project launched

Disclaimer: The above article published by Manifold Times was sourced from China’s domestic market through a local correspondent. While considerable efforts have been taken to verify its accuracy through a professional translator and processed from sources believed to be reliable, no warranty is made regarding the accuracy, completeness and reliability of any information.

 

Photo credit: CIMC Enric
Published: 2 May 2024 

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LNG Bunkering

Erik Thun takes delivery of LNG dual-fuel tanker “Thun Vettern”

Vessel, which is the latest contribution to the Vinga-series, has dual-fuel capability, runs on LNG/LBG or gasoil and is fully equipped for shore power connection when available in ports.

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Erik Thun takes delivery of LNG dual-fuel tanker “Thun Vettern”

Shipping firm Erik Thun on Monday (24 June) said it has taken delivery of Thun Vettern, a 17,999-dwt vessel, which was built by China Merchants Jinling Shipyard in Yangzhou.

The vessel is an upgraded version of the sister Thun Venern. Thun Vettern is the latest contribution to the “Vinga-series”, all trading within the Gothia Tanker Alliance. The Thun Vettern is the newest and latest edition to the Vinga-series and she has ice class 1A. 

The vessels in the Vinga-series all have dual-fuel capability, run on LNG/LBG or gasoil and are fully equipped for shore power connection when available in ports.

They are designed with a battery hybrid solution and several innovative features that reduce fuel and energy consumption, resulting in extensively lowered emissions of CO2, sulphur oxide, nitrogen oxide and hazardous particles. 

The firm said the ships have scored the best Energy Efficiency Design Index or EEDI value in their segment globally, meaning that they are the most energy efficient vessels according to the International Maritime Organization (IMO). 

The Vinga-series is designed for the intense and demanding trade in the North Sea and Scandinavia, well suited to meet the growing European demand for biofuels and renewable feedstocks.

Erik Thun´s close partner Furetank will technically and commercially manage the new vessel which upon delivery will enter into the Gothia Tanker Alliance network.

“Sustainability work has always been and will be a focus ahead for Erik Thun. To take delivery of a resource efficient, top performing product tanker like Thun Vettern, and further deepen our good and long-term co-operation with Furetank is a great example of our vision to be a sustainable Swedish partner over generations,” said Johan Källsson, Managing Director at Erik Thun AB.

 

Photo credit: Erik Thun
Published: 25 June, 2024

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LNG Bunkering

Wärtsilä on LNG bunker fuel: Expert answers to 17 important questions

Firm gives an expert overview on top questions on LNG bunker fuel including if LNG is a future fuel and what does LNG being a transition fuel means.

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RESIZED Chris Pagan

Technology group Wärtsilä on Wednesday (19 June) gave an expert overview on top 17 questions related to LNG bunker fuel in this insight article including if LNG is a future fuel: 

Your choice of fuel affects both your profitability and your vessel’s environmental compliance. Liquefied natural gas (LNG) is a safe and cost-effective fuel that reduces greenhouse gas emissions and other harmful pollutants. LNG is playing a key role as a transition fuel and is widely seen as the first step towards decarbonising the maritime industry.

Switching to LNG as fuel for ship propulsion requires investment but can save you fuel costs, increase your profitability and reduce compliance risks. The expert answers to these 17 questions will tell you what you need to know about LNG as an alternative fuel for shipping.

What is LNG?

LNG is natural gas that has been cooled to -162°C (-260°F), turning it into a clear, odourless liquid that is easy to ship and store. LNG is typically 85–95% methane, which contains less carbon than other forms of fossil fuels. It is a compact, efficient form of energy that is ideal for ship propulsion.

What is LNG used for?

LNG is primarily used as a clean-burning energy source. It is used for electricity generation, heating, cooking, and as a transportation fuel. LNG is also used as a raw material for products like fertilisers and plastics.

In the shipping industry, LNG as fuel is used for ship propulsion, auxiliary power generation and other onboard energy needs. LNG as an alternative fuel for shipping has gained wide popularity due to its clean-burning properties and potential to help meet stricter emissions regulations.

What are the sources of LNG as fuel for ships? What is bioLNG?

LNG as fuel for ships is produced from natural gas extracted from underground reserves, including both onshore and offshore gas fields.

BioLNG is LNG produced from biogas, which is generated from organic waste like food scraps, agricultural waste, manure and sewage sludge. BioLNG is considered a renewable fuel and can further reduce the carbon footprint of ships using LNG fuel systems.

 Is LNG just methane?

LNG is primarily methane (typically 85–95%), but it also contains small amounts of ethane, propane and other hydrocarbons. LNG can also contain trace amounts of nitrogen and carbon dioxide. The exact composition of LNG may vary depending on the source of the natural gas and the liquefaction process used.

 LNG fuel vs. fuel oil: is LNG better than diesel?

Compared to diesel fuel oil, LNG offers several advantages. LNG produces significantly lower emissions when burned, including:

  • 20–30% less CO2 
  • 15-25% less total GHG
  • 90% less NOx 
  • 99% less SOx 
  • Almost no particulate matter (PM) 

LNG engines are also quieter. 

However, LNG has a lower energy density than diesel, so using LNG as an alternative fuel for shipping will require more fuel and therefore larger fuel tanks to achieve the same range.

 What are the advantages and disadvantages of LNG fuel?

The key advantages of LNG as fuel include reduced emissions and cost competitiveness. There is also an established and continuously growing global network of LNG bunkering facilities.

The disadvantages of using LNG as fuel for ships include the need for specialised equipment and training and the potential for methane slip.

Methane slip is when unburned methane, a potent greenhouse gas, escapes into the atmosphere. Modern dual-fuel engines will minimise this issue. Depending on engine type and load, you can reduce methane slip by up to 65% by upgrading your ship’s existing engines. Over the last 30 years, Wärtsilä has reduced the methane slip from its engines by around 90%.

 Is LNG environmentally friendly?

LNG is cleaner burning than traditional marine fuels, but it is still a fossil fuel. BioLNG, which is LNG produced from organic waste or biomass, can be considered a more sustainable alternative to fossil-based LNG as it has a lower carbon footprint. However, the production and combustion of bioLNG still emit some greenhouse gases. LNG can be seen as a bridging fuel in the transition to alternative fuels like methanol and ammonia, which aren’t yet widely available at scale.

 Is LNG a future fuel?

LNG both is and isn’t a future fuel. It enables lower greenhouse gas emissions and reduces other harmful air pollutants compared to fuel oil, but it is still a fossil fuel. Sustainable future fuels are crucial for maritime decarbonisation, but the current cost, limited availability and insufficient infrastructure are challenging for operators. This gives LNG an important role to play in the shipping industry’s transition to a zero-carbon future.

As more ports develop LNG bunkering infrastructure and more ships are built with LNG fuel systems, the use of LNG as an alternative fuel for shipping is expected to increase. LNG is considered a stepping stone on the path to decarbonisation as the industry moves closer to using true future fuels such as methanol and ammonia.

Note: The full article by Wärtsilä can be found here.

 

Photo credit: Chris Pagan on Unsplash
Published: 24 June, 2024

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Alternative Fuels

ENGINE on Fuel Switch Snapshot: Bunkering gets pricier in Singapore

All prices rise sharply in Singapore; LNG inches closer to VLSFO; Rotterdam’s B24-VLSFO premium over LNG widens.

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ENGINE on Fuel Switch Snapshot: Bunkering gets pricier in Singapore

Once a week, bunker intelligence platform ENGINE will publish a snapshot of alternative and conventional bunker fuel prices in the world’s two biggest bunkering hubs. The following is the latest snapshot:

24 June 2024

Singapore's bunker fuel prices have increased across the board over the past week. Conventional fuel prices have climbed $17-20/mt higher, while bio-bunker blends have gained slightly less, at $12-17/mt. LNG has increased by $14/mt in the port.

The price gap between Rotterdam's LNG and VLSFO grades has narrowed in the past week. LNG is now only $2/mt cheaper than VLSFO in Rotterdam with estimated EU Allowance (EUA) costs for voyages between two EU ports added, down from $15/mt a week earlier. The price difference is wider without EUAs, at $8/mt, and has come down from $21/mt.

The B24-VLSFO premium over pure VLSFO has moved $2/mt lower in Rotterdam and $8/mt lower in Singapore.

VLSFO

Rotterdam’s VLSFO benchmark has increased by $7/mt in the past week. Steady availability of the grade in Rotterdam and the wider ARA region could explain its gains falling short of a $19/mt ($2.62/bbl) jump in front-month Brent futures.

Singapore's VLSFO benchmark has climbed $20/mt in the past week, mirroring Brent's rise.

A sharp tightening of VLSFO availability in the port has supported price gains. Most suppliers indicate lead times of 7-17 days for the grade, a significant increase from 2-11 days the week prior.

Biofuels

Rotterdam’s B24-VLSFO HBE price has been steadier in the past week, with only a $5/mt gain. Availability of bio-blended bunkers remains good in Rotterdam and the ARA hub, a source says. 

Singapore’s B24-VLSFO price has gained $12/mt in the past week. The bio-bunker price has gone up despite a $5/mt drop in the UCOME FOB China benchmark, according to PRIMA Markets.

“Lower offers last week of $960-980/t were still mostly met by limited demand, with other optimistic sellers still offering above $1,000/t in other areas of the country,” PRIMA said.

LNG

A $7/mt decline in Rotterdam’s LNG bunker price can be attributed to a drop in the front-month NYMEX Dutch TTF Natural Gas benchmark amid the abundant gas storage levels in European countries.

In contrast, Singapore’s LNG bunker price has jumped higher by $14/mt in the past week.

The price rise in Singapore is supported by higher prices in the Asian LNG market and the Japan/Korea Marker (JKM) price, as well as an extended outage at Chevron's Wheatstone LNG facility in Australia.

By Konica Bhatt

 

Photo credit and source: ENGINE
Published: 25 June 2024

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