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Alternative Fuels

T&E recommends mandates for UK shipping to drive uptake of zero-emission bunker fuels

T&E released a briefing paper to support its suggestion on use of e-fuel mandates to create a market for both supply and use of zero-emission marine fuels and achieve required emissions reductions for UK.




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Transport & Environment (T&E) released a briefing paper on Monday (31 July) to support its recommendation on the use of mandates to create a market for both the supply and use of zero-emission marine fuels and achieve the required emissions reductions for Net Zero and the UK carbon budgets. 

T&E explained UK shipping used almost 7 million tonnes of fossil marine fuel oil in 2021, and produced almost one fifth of all UK transport emissions. The government is currently considering policies to decarbonise the UK shipping sector but has yet to make any solid commitments.

At the level of the International Maritime Organization, the UK has endorsed a goal-based maritime emissions reduction pathway called the Science Based Targets initiative (SBTi). To meet the SBTi pathway will require large-scale use of zero-emission marine fuels and energy.

In March 2023, the UK government published assumptions for how much low-carbon shipping fuel will be required in 2035 to stay within the carbon budgets. 

T&E calculated that meeting these assumptions with a combination of zero emission renewable e-fuels and direct electrification - the most cost-effective options - would require 44TWh renewable electricity, to produce 140,000 tonnes hydrogen, 3.1 million tonnes ammonia/methanol, and nearly 2TWh shore power. 44TWh would require an additional 1,360 8MW wind turbines.

The briefing showed the energy requirements for the UK of implementing five different zero emission mandate scenarios.

Each scenario assumes fulfilment with a combination of direct electrification and green e-fuels, using 100% renewable electricity.

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“Mandates are effective instruments to drive the uptake of near-zero- and zero-emission transport fuels. The UK already uses such a mandate (the development fuels sub-target) through the Renewable Transport Fuel Obligation (RTFO), whilst another for sustainable aviation fuel is being designed,” it said in the briefing paper.

“A mandate either for zero- or near-zero-emission shipping (or specifically on shipping fuels) will certainly be necessary to create a market for both the supply and use of these fuels, and achieve the required emissions reductions for Net Zero and the UK carbon budgets.”

T&E added in addition to fulfilment of any UK zero-emission shipping mandate, further abatement will be necessary for compliance with the SBTi pathway. 

“This is because, even if the Carbon Budget Delivery Plan assumptions for low-carbon marine fuel uptake for UK domestic and international shipping correlate directly to emissions reductions, a maximum of 30.5% abatement would be achieved in 2035, compared to the SBTi target of 77% reduction by the same date,” it said. 

“Additional consideration must therefore be given not only to the low-carbon fuel uptake assumptions, but also to targets and even mandates for energy efficiency technologies (to maximise their use by 2025 as envisioned in the Clean Maritime Plan) and speed reduction.”

Note: The full briefing paper of ‘Implications of an e-fuel mandate for UK shipping’ can be viewed here.


Photo credit: Chris Pagan on Unsplash
Published: 2 August, 2023

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Singapore: EPS orders ammonia, LNG dual-fuel vessels from China

EPS signed one contract for a series of ammonia dual-fuel bulk carriers with CSSC Beihai Shipbuilding and another for a series of LNG dual-fuel oil tankers with CSSC Guangzhou Shipbuilding International.






Singapore-based Eastern Pacific Shipping (EPS) on Wednesday (28 February) said it signed two new contract orders in a signing ceremony in Shanghai, one for a series of ammonia dual-fuel bulk carriers with CSSC Beihai Shipbuilding and another for a series of LNG dual-fuel oil tankers with CSSC Guangzhou Shipbuilding International. 

The contracts signed cover four 210,000 dwt ammonia dual-fuel bulk carriers and two 111,000 dwt LNG dual-fuel LR2 oil tankers, expanding our fleet of green vessels on water. 

“These are pivotal for EPS, testament to our continued commitment towards the decarbonisation of shipping,” EPS said in a social media post.

Manifold Times recently reported EPS signing a contract for its first ever wind-assisted propulsion system, partnering with bound4blue to install three 22-metre eSAILs® onboard the Pacific Sentinel

The turnkey ‘suction sail’ technology, which drags air across an aerodynamic surface to generate exceptional propulsive efficiency, will be fitted later this year, helping the 183-metre, 50,000 DWT oil and chemical tanker reduce overall energy consumption by approximately 10%, depending on vessel routing.

Related: Singapore: EPS orders its first wind-assisted propulsion system for tanker


Photo credit: Eastern Pacific Shipping
Published: 1 March 2024

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LNG Bunkering

Malaysia: Port of Tanjung Pelepas completes first LNG bunkering operation

Landmark event involved the CMA CGM Monaco, a 14,024 TEUs containership operated by French shipping giant CMA CGM.






Port of Tanjung Pelepas Sdn Bhd (PTP), a joint venture between MMC Group and APM Terminals, on Wednesday (28 February) announced a significant milestone with the successful completion of its first Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) bunkering operation. 

The landmark event involved the CMA CGM Monaco, a 14,024 TEUs (Twenty-foot Equivalent Units) capacity containership operated by French shipping giant, CMA CGM.

Tan Sri Che Khalib Mohamad Noh, Chairman of PTP in a statement remarked this latest milestone demonstrates PTP’s commitment to continuously enhance its competitive advantages in an increasingly competitive global market.

“The successful completion of our first LNG bunkering operation also underscores our unwavering commitment to sustainability and environmental leadership. We are proud to partner with Petronas Trading Corporation Sendirian Berhad (PETCO) and CMA CGM on this initiative and showcase PTP’s capabilities as a leading facilitator of clean and efficient maritime operations.”

“This milestone paves the way for further growth in LNG bunkering at PTP, contributing significantly to the decarbonisation of the maritime industry.”

Commenting on this achievement, Mark Hardiman, Chief Executive Officer of PTP stated this latest milestone further highlights PTP’s position as the largest transshipment hub terminal in Malaysia.

“In preparation for the LNG bunkering operation, PTP worked closely since March 2022 with PETCO and CMA CGM, as well as with various other related government agencies to organise table-top exercises (TTX) and workshops, before carrying out the deployment exercise.”

“The success of the bunkering operation is a result of the seamless collaboration and preparations involving rigorous safety procedures through in-depth operational and risk assessments, modelling, and validation. We thank PETCO, CMA CGM all other involved parties for their joint efforts in operationalising the bunkering capability and we welcome partners to work with us to accelerate maritime decarbonisation,” said Hardiman.

Port of Tanjung Pelepas (PTP) is Malaysia’s largest transshipment hub with the capacity to handle 13 million TEUs annually. The port delivers reliable, efficient, and advanced services to major shipping lines and box operators, providing shippers in Malaysia and abroad with extensive connectivity to the global market. PTP is currently ranked 15th among the world top container ports.


Photo credit: Port of Tanjung Pelepas
Published: 1 March 2024

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Alternative Fuels

Wallenius Wilhelmsen to order four additional methanol DF PCTCs

Newbuilds will also be ammonia-ready and able to be converted as soon as ammonia becomes available in a safe and secure way.





Wallenius Wilhelmsen PCTC order

Roll-on/roll-off (Ro-Ro) shipping company Wallenius Wilhelmsen on Tuesday (27 February) declared options to build four additional next-generation Shaper Class pure car and truck carrier (PCTC) vessels.

The 9,300 CEU methanol dual fuel vessels can utilise alternative fuel sources, such as methanol, upon delivery. They will also be ammonia-ready and able to be converted as soon as ammonia becomes available in a safe and secure way.

“Together with our customers we are committed to further shaping our industry and accelerating towards net zero. These new vessels are a vital part of that journey,” says Xavier Leroi, EVP & COO Shipping Services.

This latest commitment brings the total number of Shaper Class vessels currently on order with Jinling Shipyard (Jiangsu) to eight. Wallenius Wilhelmsen also retains further options.

The first of the Shaper Class vessels already ordered are expected to be delivered in the second half of 2026. The four additional vessels under the declared options will be delivered between May and November 2027.


Photo credit: Wallenius Wilhelmsen
Published: 1 March 2024

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