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Singapore: SMI funding to research projects includes ammonia bunkering

SMI recently awarded funding to three research projects which are aimed at decarbonising maritime operations, including mitigation technology and environmental impact from ammonia bunkering release.




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The Singapore Maritime Institute (SMI) on Friday (28 July) said it has recently awarded funding to three research projects which are aimed at decarbonising maritime operations, including mitigation technology and environmental impact from ammonia bunkering release. 

SMI said the funding is to support Singapore’s maritime industry following member countries agreeing to reach net zero by or around close to 2050 at the IMO MEPC 80 session held early this month, with new intermediate milestones and targets for 2030 and 2040. 

“This has provided greater clarity and impetus for the maritime industry to strive to meet the net zero target by mid-century,” it said in a social media post. 

The three projects include:

  • Mitigation technology and environmental impact from ammonia bunkering release 

Led by Maritime Energy & Sustainable Development Centre of Excellence (MESD), in collaboration with the Institute of High Performance Computing (IHPC) and NUS Tropical Marine Science Institute, the project aims to deepen our understanding of ammonia leakage modelling which affects bunkering safety, mitigation technology, environmental impact and emergency responses. This will contribute to the Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore (MPA) policy and planning considerations in preparation for the future of ammonia bunkering as a low/zero carbon fuel for international shipping in the Port of Singapore.

  • Ammonia fed solid oxide fuel cell as a power source for maritime industries 

Through this project, researchers at the Energy Research Institute @ NTU aim to investigate the use of ammonia in Solid Oxide Fuel Cell systems at ports to generate low-carbon power. Industry collaborators for this project include Jurong Port and Surbana Jurong Group.

  • Advanced modelling and simulation of future harbour craft electrification standards for Singapore 

Led by the Institute of High Performance Computing (IHPC), a research centre under A*STAR - Agency for Science, Technology and Research, this project supports MPA’s policy and planning considerations of its recently announced plans for Singapore’s domestic harbourcraft sector to achieve net zero emissions target by 2030. It seeks to examine various planning scenarios of large-scale harbour craft electrification and aims to help policymakers understand the characteristics and power requirements of electric harbour craft fleet, as well as the charging infrastructure requirements based on the industry’s operational needs.

“SMI looks forward to successful outcomes from all the above research projects, which we are confident will strengthen Singapore's efforts to drive and decarbonise the sustainable maritime sector,” it said. 

Related: Singapore ammonia bunkering consortium moves forward with ABS AiP
Related: Singapore: MPA, partners develop mitigation and safety measures for ammonia bunkering
Related: SMW 2023: EOI for ammonia power generation and bunkering closing by 30 April
Related: Singapore calls for proposals to develop hydrogen, ammonia bunkering solutions
Related: Singapore: MESD researchers publish paper on accidental release of ammonia during ammonia bunkering
Related: MPA factsheet outlines local schemes on reducing carbon emissions
Related: Singapore harbourcraft will need to reach net-zero emissions by 2050


Photo credit: Singapore Maritime Institute
Published: 31 July, 2023

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Singapore: EPS orders ammonia, LNG dual-fuel vessels from China

EPS signed one contract for a series of ammonia dual-fuel bulk carriers with CSSC Beihai Shipbuilding and another for a series of LNG dual-fuel oil tankers with CSSC Guangzhou Shipbuilding International.






Singapore-based Eastern Pacific Shipping (EPS) on Wednesday (28 February) said it signed two new contract orders in a signing ceremony in Shanghai, one for a series of ammonia dual-fuel bulk carriers with CSSC Beihai Shipbuilding and another for a series of LNG dual-fuel oil tankers with CSSC Guangzhou Shipbuilding International. 

The contracts signed cover four 210,000 dwt ammonia dual-fuel bulk carriers and two 111,000 dwt LNG dual-fuel LR2 oil tankers, expanding our fleet of green vessels on water. 

“These are pivotal for EPS, testament to our continued commitment towards the decarbonisation of shipping,” EPS said in a social media post.

Manifold Times recently reported EPS signing a contract for its first ever wind-assisted propulsion system, partnering with bound4blue to install three 22-metre eSAILs® onboard the Pacific Sentinel

The turnkey ‘suction sail’ technology, which drags air across an aerodynamic surface to generate exceptional propulsive efficiency, will be fitted later this year, helping the 183-metre, 50,000 DWT oil and chemical tanker reduce overall energy consumption by approximately 10%, depending on vessel routing.

Related: Singapore: EPS orders its first wind-assisted propulsion system for tanker


Photo credit: Eastern Pacific Shipping
Published: 1 March 2024

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LNG Bunkering

Malaysia: Port of Tanjung Pelepas completes first LNG bunkering operation

Landmark event involved the CMA CGM Monaco, a 14,024 TEUs containership operated by French shipping giant CMA CGM.






Port of Tanjung Pelepas Sdn Bhd (PTP), a joint venture between MMC Group and APM Terminals, on Wednesday (28 February) announced a significant milestone with the successful completion of its first Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) bunkering operation. 

The landmark event involved the CMA CGM Monaco, a 14,024 TEUs (Twenty-foot Equivalent Units) capacity containership operated by French shipping giant, CMA CGM.

Tan Sri Che Khalib Mohamad Noh, Chairman of PTP in a statement remarked this latest milestone demonstrates PTP’s commitment to continuously enhance its competitive advantages in an increasingly competitive global market.

“The successful completion of our first LNG bunkering operation also underscores our unwavering commitment to sustainability and environmental leadership. We are proud to partner with Petronas Trading Corporation Sendirian Berhad (PETCO) and CMA CGM on this initiative and showcase PTP’s capabilities as a leading facilitator of clean and efficient maritime operations.”

“This milestone paves the way for further growth in LNG bunkering at PTP, contributing significantly to the decarbonisation of the maritime industry.”

Commenting on this achievement, Mark Hardiman, Chief Executive Officer of PTP stated this latest milestone further highlights PTP’s position as the largest transshipment hub terminal in Malaysia.

“In preparation for the LNG bunkering operation, PTP worked closely since March 2022 with PETCO and CMA CGM, as well as with various other related government agencies to organise table-top exercises (TTX) and workshops, before carrying out the deployment exercise.”

“The success of the bunkering operation is a result of the seamless collaboration and preparations involving rigorous safety procedures through in-depth operational and risk assessments, modelling, and validation. We thank PETCO, CMA CGM all other involved parties for their joint efforts in operationalising the bunkering capability and we welcome partners to work with us to accelerate maritime decarbonisation,” said Hardiman.

Port of Tanjung Pelepas (PTP) is Malaysia’s largest transshipment hub with the capacity to handle 13 million TEUs annually. The port delivers reliable, efficient, and advanced services to major shipping lines and box operators, providing shippers in Malaysia and abroad with extensive connectivity to the global market. PTP is currently ranked 15th among the world top container ports.


Photo credit: Port of Tanjung Pelepas
Published: 1 March 2024

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Alternative Fuels

Wallenius Wilhelmsen to order four additional methanol DF PCTCs

Newbuilds will also be ammonia-ready and able to be converted as soon as ammonia becomes available in a safe and secure way.





Wallenius Wilhelmsen PCTC order

Roll-on/roll-off (Ro-Ro) shipping company Wallenius Wilhelmsen on Tuesday (27 February) declared options to build four additional next-generation Shaper Class pure car and truck carrier (PCTC) vessels.

The 9,300 CEU methanol dual fuel vessels can utilise alternative fuel sources, such as methanol, upon delivery. They will also be ammonia-ready and able to be converted as soon as ammonia becomes available in a safe and secure way.

“Together with our customers we are committed to further shaping our industry and accelerating towards net zero. These new vessels are a vital part of that journey,” says Xavier Leroi, EVP & COO Shipping Services.

This latest commitment brings the total number of Shaper Class vessels currently on order with Jinling Shipyard (Jiangsu) to eight. Wallenius Wilhelmsen also retains further options.

The first of the Shaper Class vessels already ordered are expected to be delivered in the second half of 2026. The four additional vessels under the declared options will be delivered between May and November 2027.


Photo credit: Wallenius Wilhelmsen
Published: 1 March 2024

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