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LNG Bunkering

Double milestone celebrated at Fincantieri shipyard for MSC LNG-fuelled cruise ships

Occasion was celebrated at Fincantieri’s Sestri Ponente (Genoa) shipyard with float out and steel cutting of two new units from the new luxury cruise brand launched by MSC Group.

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Italian shipbuilder Fincantieri on Wednesday (6 September) said a double milestone was celebrated at Fincantieri's Sestri Ponente (Genoa) shipyard with the float out and steel cutting of the two new LNG-fuelled cruise ships from Explora Journey, new luxury cruise brand launched by the MSC Group.

After two months after the delivery of Explora I, which took place in Monfalcone on July 20, a double ceremony  was held for the float out of Explora II and the steel cutting of Explora III.

The two ships represent the second and third vessels out of a total of as many as four ordered by the MSC Group from Fincantieri. 

The total investment for the four ships is about EUR 2.3 billion and is capable of generating a spillover effect on the Italian economy of more than EUR 10 billion along with an extremely high employment impact, as the construction of each individual ship requires more than 7 million man-hours of work and the average employment of 2,500 people for more than two years.

Michael Ungerer, CEO of Explora Journeys, said: “Today's double ceremony represents an important step forward in building and strengthening our brand, which is redefining the standards of luxury ocean travel thanks to the unparalleled experience that Explora Journeys’ ships are able to offer our guests. These ships, that are also at the forefront from an environmental point of view, are among the best ambassadors of Made in Italy in the world and bear witness to both Italy's high manufacturing and shipbuilding capacity, and to the MSC Group's commitment to a country in which we continue to believe and invest very significant resources”.

Pierroberto Folgiero, Chief Executive Officer of Fincantieri, said: “Today's double ceremony fully expresses Fincantieri's great productive commitment to the realisation for the MSC Group of the Explora class, a project that guarantees the highest quality standards and was conceived from the beginning to accelerate the path toward the zero-emission ship”.

After being launched into the water today with the technical launch, Explora II will be completed in the coming months and delivered in the summer of the next year, spending her first seasons in the Mediterranean discovering the most striking locations in the Mare Nostrum, including some enchanting Italian destinations such as Portofino, the Argentario, Rome, Naples, Sorrento, Palermo, Syracuse, Trapani, Lipari, Cagliari, Alghero and the Costa Smeralda. Explora I, which is successfully concluding its inaugural season in Europe and during the winter season will sail between the Caribbean and the East and West Coasts of the United States, will also return to the Mediterranean in the summer of 2024 to take its guests to discover destinations such as Puglia, Sicily and Venice.

Explora III, whose construction began with a traditional steel cutting ceremony, will enter service in the summer of 2026 and will be the first ship in the Explora fleet to be powered by LNG. 

In January 2024, construction will begin on EXPLORA IV, also powered by LNG, which will be completed in early 2027.

Photo credit: Fincantieri 
Published: 13 September, 2023

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LNG Bunkering

Mitsubishi Shipbuilding launches LNG-fuelled Ro-Ro vessel “Trans Harmony Green”

Ship’s main engine and main generator engine are high-performance dual-fuel engines each accommodating LNG or diesel fuel.

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Mitsubishi Shipbuilding launches LNG-fuelled Ro-Ro vessel “Trans Harmony Green”

Mitsubishi Shipbuilding Co., Ltd., a Mitsubishi Heavy Industries (MHI) Group company based in Yokohama, Friday (7 June) held a christening and launch ceremony for the TRANS HARMONY GREEN, the first of two LNG-powered roll-on/roll-off (RO/RO) ships under construction for Toyofuji Shipping Co., Ltd. 

The ceremony took place at the Enoura Plant of MHI's Shimonoseki Shipyard & Machinery Works in Yamaguchi Prefecture. 

The ship's handover is scheduled for late January 2025 following completion of outfitting work and sea trials. The TRANS HARMONY GREEN will serve as a RO/RO vessel on shipping routes in Asia.

Trans Harmony Green vessel

The TRANS HARMONY GREEN is approximately 195 metres in overall length, approximately 30.6 metres in breadth, and has gross tonnage of approximately 49,500. It can simultaneously transport about 3,000 passenger cars. 

The ship's main engine and main generator engine are high-performance dual-fuel engines each accommodating LNG or diesel fuel. 

Together these engines enable a greater than 25% reduction in CO2 emissions compared to ships with the same hull and powered by fuel oil, cutting SOx (sulphur oxides) emissions to near zero, thereby helping to reduce the vessel's environmental footprint.

 

Photo credit: Mitsubishi Shipbuilding
Published: 10 June, 2024

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LNG Bunkering

Mitsubishi Shipbuilding to supply LNG fuel gas supply systems units to Imabari Shipbuilding

Mitsubishi Shipbuilding received an order from Imabari Shipbuilding for two additional units of its FGSS, a LNG fuel gas supply system for high-pressure dual-fuel marine engines.

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Mitsubishi Shipbuilding to supply LNG fuel gas supply systems units to Imabari Shipbuilding

Mitsubishi Shipbuilding Co., Ltd., a Mitsubishi Heavy Industries (MHI) Group company based in Yokohama, on Wednesday (5 June) said it has received an order from Imabari Shipbuilding for two additional units of its Fuel Gas Supply System (FGSS), a liquefied natural gas (LNG) fuel gas supply system for high-pressure dual-fuel marine engines. 

The FGSS units for two LNG-fuelled bulk carriers to be built by Imabari Shipbuilding will be continuously delivered with LNG fuel tanks from summer 2025.

LNG fuel tank

LNG fuel tank

Mitsubishi Shipbuilding previously received orders for a total of 18 high-pressure FGSS units, including units for SWEET PEA LEADER and DAISY LEADER, both of which are LNG-fuelled car carriers built by Imabari Shipbuilding Group and have already entered into service respectively in October 2023 and in March 2024. 

The FGSS ordered by Imabari Shipbuilding features an optimised cargo space layout utilising a modular design for space-saving and maintenance access, shortened construction schedule at shipyards, and a proprietary control system that can be customised according to customer needs, contributing to both operability and safety. 

With this additional order, Mitsubishi Shipbuilding will supply a total 20 units (15 car carriers and 5 bulk carriers) to Imabari Shipbuilding Group.

“Mitsubishi Shipbuilding, as part of MHI Group's strategic initiatives for energy transition, will provide FGSS units to a broad range of customers involved in the construction of LNG-fuelled vessels, enhancing the added value and competitiveness of ships,” it said on its website. 

 

Photo credit: Mitsubishi Shipbuilding
Published: 7 June 2024

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LNG Bunkering

Study reveals achievable pathway to net-zero in Pilbara-to-Asia export trade through LNG bunker fuel

RINA completed a joint study with Pilbara Clean Fuels and Oceania Marine Energy revealing that Well-to-Wake emissions in Pilbara-to-Asia iron ore export trade route can be reduced by over 90% by 2050 through use of LNG.

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RESIZED william william on Unsplash

Classification society RINA on Wednesday (5 June) announced it completed a joint study with Pilbara Clean Fuels Pty Ltd and Oceania Marine Energy that revealed that Well-to-Wake emissions in the Pilbara-to-Asia iron ore export trade route can be reduced by over 90% by 2050 through the use of LNG.

RINA added that Western Australia is the largest producer of iron ore in the world, with current production of over 850 million tonnes per annum, the majority of which is exported from the Pilbara region of Western Australia.

The following are the details of the study:

Key developments

- Pilbara Clean Fuels (PCF) is pursuing the development of an electrified LNG plant in Port Hedland, Western Australia aimed at producing low-carbon LNG marine bunker fuel. 

- Oceania Marine Energy (Oceania) is developing a marine fuel bunkering business using purpose-designed LNG re-fuelling vessels to be chartered from Kanfer Shipping, Norway. 

- RINA has developed an innovative concept for an LNG-fuelled 209,000 DWT Newcastlemax dry bulk carrier design incorporating pre-combustion carbon removal and hydrogen production to meet IMO 2050 Carbon Intensity Index (CII) requirements over the ship’s operating life.      

In November 2023 PCF, Oceania and RINA signed an MoU to collaborate on studies to define the commercial and emissions reduction benefits their combined concepts could deliver to ship owners and charterers for the Pilbara to Asia dry-bulk minerals export trade route. The Joint Study has now been completed. 

Study Findings

The findings demonstrate an accessible and achievable pathway to Net-Zero Emissions for LNG, on a Well-to-Wake basis, for international shipping on this trade. The study presents a flexible and commercially attractive IMO compliant marine fuel strategy to ship owners, operators and charterers amidst competing alternative fuel. It proposes a ‘Green Corridor’ marine fuels solution for the Western Australia to China bulk minerals export trade route. 

Achieving Emissions Reduction 

The low-carbon LNG plant by Pilbara Clean Fuels has the potential to initially produce LNG with emissions of less than 200kg of GHG per tonne, which can be further reduced to around 50kg/t LNG (and potentially to zero through technology improvements).  

LNG bunkering in the Pilbara region offers a substantial voyage optimization by eliminating the need to deviate to other major bunkering hubs in the region, thus significantly reducing emissions. This also reduces by 25% the emissions associated with transporting LNG over long distances, compared to LNG bunkering in other ports and ensures competitive pricing for LNG.  

RINA’s bulk-carrier ship concept features a novel propulsion arrangement which achieves a fuel saving of 12% when running on LNG at current market speeds and offers the charterer greater fuel flexibility and enhanced economic benefits by reducing LNG consumption. This can lead to lower fuel running costs, particularly when compared with traditional fuel oil. 

It provides redundancy, significantly reducing the risk of black out, and does not suffer from well-known issues like acceleration through engine’s barred speed range. The ship can also harvest the benefits from wind propulsion. 

The proposal is flexible in fuel selection and, most importantly, the use of hydrogen produced on board is on demand. This concept, which produces carbon dioxide that is captured and stored onboard, can be delivered price-competitive as it has been designed to retrofit emissions-reduction equipment in stages to suit the owners’ requirements. The design allows charterers to modify the vessels with modular hydrogen production and carbon capture and storage (CCS) equipment to meet GHG compliance as needed.  

The bunker vessel design incorporates a hybrid energy system, including an 8MWh battery, allowing for emission free operation in port. This, alongside the onboard CGR-designed process plant for vapour recovery and re-liquefaction, significantly reduces emissions and enhances operational efficiency.  

The CO2 generated from onboard pre-combustion hydrogen production can economically be integrated into the large volume CCS hubs currently being developed in the Pilbara region by various third-party proponents. 

The combination of systems and technologies allows LNG-fuelled dry-bulk carriers to significantly reduce emissions today and to comply with the IMO 2023 GHG Reduction Strategy through to 2050. 

The study concludes that by implementing this holistic combined systems approach, Well-to-Wake emissions for the Pilbara to Asia export shipping industry can be reduced by more than 90% by 2050. The reduction of GHG emissions is achieved by progressively decreasing the LNG fuel share to the engines while proportionately increasing hydrogen usage. 

This allows for staged upgrades over the vessel’s lifetime to comply with the IMO requirements for continuously reducing GHG emissions. The ship-owner to decide which path to follow to stay ahead of compliance and competition. All necessary technologies for achieving Net Zero Emissions with LNG as a marine fuel already exist and are in use, marking the first time they have been proposed in combination, demonstrating a positive path to Net Zero Emissions for international shipping.  

The Joint Study results present a significant opportunity for decarbonising shipping in the Pilbara region and beyond, contributing to global efforts to combat climate change. 

Related: Hexagon Energy and Oceania ink MoU on low-emissions ammonia bunkering in Pilbara region
Related: Oceania Marine Energy and Pilbara Clean Fuels sign MoU for LNG marine fuel bunkering
Related: Pilbara Clean Fuels receives preliminary results of studies on eLNG plant project in Port Hedland
Related: Australia: McGowan Government advancing to establish LNG bunkering hub in Pilbara

 

Photo credit: william william on Unsplash
Published: 7 June 2024

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