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Glander International Bunkering highlights regulations driving up bio bunker fuel uptake

Increased regulations in shipping means biofuel use is heavily incentivised in the short term as use of conventional fuels becomes more constrained by regulatory costs, says firm.




glander Infographic nw

Global bunker trading firm Glander International Bunkering, which recently received ISCC EU and ISCC Plus certificates for its biofuel operations in Norway and Geneva offices, continued its guide on what to look out for when procuring biofuel bunkers, focusing on volumes as well as regulations in this article:

Biofuels have rapidly emerged as one of the most popular alternative marine energy choices over the past few years as the shipping industry bears down on its greenhouse gas emissions.

The advantages of using biofuels are clear: they work as a drop-in alternative to conventional bunkers, with little or no changes needed to ships’ engines or delivery infrastructure to use them, and result in net reductions in GHG emissions based on their full lifecycle assessment when produced from second or third generation (sustainable) feedstocks.

Biofuels already help buyers today meet their ESG targets and will soon be one of the solutions to meet the mandatory blend-in requirements as set out in the FuelEU Maritime Regulation, starting in 2025.

Bunker buyers can take on these fuels immediately, without significant up-front investment or any long-term commitment to them.

Biofuel volumes

Demand for these fuels has grown rapidly during the past months. Rotterdam saw 791,000 mt of sales for biofuel/marine fuel blends last year, up by 163% from 2021, while Singapore kicked off biofuel sales in 2022 with 140,000 mt of blended product sold in total. The main products in ARA are B30 and in Singapore B24, which means 30% respectively 24% of biofuel blended with conventional marine fuel. The fuels are already available at a wide range in other ports, and volumes can be expected only to climb in the coming years.

These sales initially came in the course of trials from shipping companies looking to try out the fuels in their engines on a one-off basis, but regular sales are now increasingly being seen.

The first thing to note about biofuels in the marine fuel space is that when we talk about them, it’s almost always blends being referred to, typically with up to about 30% biofuel content mixed with VLSFO, HSFO or MGO. Higher ratios of biofuel content, even up to 100%, have been shown to work in conventional engines but are as yet rarely used.

Regulations driving biofuel uptake

There is no doubt that one of the main drivers for the shipping industry’s transition towards carbon neutrality is the increasing and rapidly developing regulatory requirements.

Firstly, IMO has now set a firm target for reaching net-zero greenhouse gas emissions from international shipping approaching the year 2050.The target includes checkpoints for 2030 and 2040 of 20 and 70% respectively absolute reductions (striving for 30% and 80%). In addition, the uptake of zero or near-zero fuels are to represent at least 5% by 2030. Consequently, the shipping industry cannot just wait until 2050, but will be working on reaching these targets already now. The targets of absolute emissions reductions can only be reached by transitioning from traditional to alternative fuels.

Secondly, the CII regulations has now entered into effect. From this year all vessels larger than 5,000 GT will have calculated for them a CII rating based on historical data submitted to the IMO. The rating is a calculation of the CO2 the vessel emitted per unit of cargo capacity per nautical mile.

The rating will come as a letter between A and E, with A at the top of the scale, and ratings will be determined on an annual basis. Ships receiving a D rating for three years or an E rating for a single year will need to implement a corrective action plan as part of the ship energy efficiency management plan (SEEMP) setting out their plans to improve their performance and rating. Alternative fuel such as biofuel will have a significant positive impact on the rating.

Finally, IMO is set to adopt further regulation – such as a price on carbon emissions as well as a green fuel standard – in the coming years to further drive the transition.

But separately from the global effort on decarbonisation led by the IMO, the European Union has also been pursuing its own regulatory agenda.

Last year the EU came to a deal on including shipping within the union’s emissions trading system (ETS). All ships over 5,000 GT in size will be included in the ETS, covering 100% of CO2 emissions from intra-EU voyages and 50% of emissions from voyages between EU ports and the rest of the world. In practice, this means that all vessels calling a European port will be affected by the EU ETS.

The system will be phased in starting in 2024 with 40% of emissions covered, 70% in 2025 and 100% from 2026 onwards. Shipping companies will be required to buy an equivalent number of “EU Allowances” (representing one tonne of CO2 emissions) to match their annual total fleet emissions, and deliver these to the authorities each year.

Europe also has a separate regulation called FuelEU Maritime, which will require shipping firms to gradually incorporate renewable fuels in their bunker purchases in order to lower the GHG intensity of the fuel burned. Like the ETS it is a gradually phased in system with the same coverage in terms of ship size and geographical scope. Meanwhile, the FuelEU Maritime sets requirements not only for CO2, but for other greenhouse gases as well.

These regulatory drivers are just the start; further developments can be expected from the IMO in the coming years, and over the longer term the US and China may also seek to impose their own rules if they are dissatisfied with the global regulations.

All of this will mean biofuel use is heavily incentivised in the short term as the use of conventional fuels becomes more constrained by regulatory costs.

Related: Glander International Bunkering provides guide on buying bio bunker fuels

Photo credit: Glander International Bunkering
Published: 28 August, 2023

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Singapore: EPS orders ammonia, LNG dual-fuel vessels from China

EPS signed one contract for a series of ammonia dual-fuel bulk carriers with CSSC Beihai Shipbuilding and another for a series of LNG dual-fuel oil tankers with CSSC Guangzhou Shipbuilding International.






Singapore-based Eastern Pacific Shipping (EPS) on Wednesday (28 February) said it signed two new contract orders in a signing ceremony in Shanghai, one for a series of ammonia dual-fuel bulk carriers with CSSC Beihai Shipbuilding and another for a series of LNG dual-fuel oil tankers with CSSC Guangzhou Shipbuilding International. 

The contracts signed cover four 210,000 dwt ammonia dual-fuel bulk carriers and two 111,000 dwt LNG dual-fuel LR2 oil tankers, expanding our fleet of green vessels on water. 

“These are pivotal for EPS, testament to our continued commitment towards the decarbonisation of shipping,” EPS said in a social media post.

Manifold Times recently reported EPS signing a contract for its first ever wind-assisted propulsion system, partnering with bound4blue to install three 22-metre eSAILs® onboard the Pacific Sentinel

The turnkey ‘suction sail’ technology, which drags air across an aerodynamic surface to generate exceptional propulsive efficiency, will be fitted later this year, helping the 183-metre, 50,000 DWT oil and chemical tanker reduce overall energy consumption by approximately 10%, depending on vessel routing.

Related: Singapore: EPS orders its first wind-assisted propulsion system for tanker


Photo credit: Eastern Pacific Shipping
Published: 1 March 2024

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LNG Bunkering

Malaysia: Port of Tanjung Pelepas completes first LNG bunkering operation

Landmark event involved the CMA CGM Monaco, a 14,024 TEUs containership operated by French shipping giant CMA CGM.






Port of Tanjung Pelepas Sdn Bhd (PTP), a joint venture between MMC Group and APM Terminals, on Wednesday (28 February) announced a significant milestone with the successful completion of its first Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) bunkering operation. 

The landmark event involved the CMA CGM Monaco, a 14,024 TEUs (Twenty-foot Equivalent Units) capacity containership operated by French shipping giant, CMA CGM.

Tan Sri Che Khalib Mohamad Noh, Chairman of PTP in a statement remarked this latest milestone demonstrates PTP’s commitment to continuously enhance its competitive advantages in an increasingly competitive global market.

“The successful completion of our first LNG bunkering operation also underscores our unwavering commitment to sustainability and environmental leadership. We are proud to partner with Petronas Trading Corporation Sendirian Berhad (PETCO) and CMA CGM on this initiative and showcase PTP’s capabilities as a leading facilitator of clean and efficient maritime operations.”

“This milestone paves the way for further growth in LNG bunkering at PTP, contributing significantly to the decarbonisation of the maritime industry.”

Commenting on this achievement, Mark Hardiman, Chief Executive Officer of PTP stated this latest milestone further highlights PTP’s position as the largest transshipment hub terminal in Malaysia.

“In preparation for the LNG bunkering operation, PTP worked closely since March 2022 with PETCO and CMA CGM, as well as with various other related government agencies to organise table-top exercises (TTX) and workshops, before carrying out the deployment exercise.”

“The success of the bunkering operation is a result of the seamless collaboration and preparations involving rigorous safety procedures through in-depth operational and risk assessments, modelling, and validation. We thank PETCO, CMA CGM all other involved parties for their joint efforts in operationalising the bunkering capability and we welcome partners to work with us to accelerate maritime decarbonisation,” said Hardiman.

Port of Tanjung Pelepas (PTP) is Malaysia’s largest transshipment hub with the capacity to handle 13 million TEUs annually. The port delivers reliable, efficient, and advanced services to major shipping lines and box operators, providing shippers in Malaysia and abroad with extensive connectivity to the global market. PTP is currently ranked 15th among the world top container ports.


Photo credit: Port of Tanjung Pelepas
Published: 1 March 2024

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Alternative Fuels

Wallenius Wilhelmsen to order four additional methanol DF PCTCs

Newbuilds will also be ammonia-ready and able to be converted as soon as ammonia becomes available in a safe and secure way.





Wallenius Wilhelmsen PCTC order

Roll-on/roll-off (Ro-Ro) shipping company Wallenius Wilhelmsen on Tuesday (27 February) declared options to build four additional next-generation Shaper Class pure car and truck carrier (PCTC) vessels.

The 9,300 CEU methanol dual fuel vessels can utilise alternative fuel sources, such as methanol, upon delivery. They will also be ammonia-ready and able to be converted as soon as ammonia becomes available in a safe and secure way.

“Together with our customers we are committed to further shaping our industry and accelerating towards net zero. These new vessels are a vital part of that journey,” says Xavier Leroi, EVP & COO Shipping Services.

This latest commitment brings the total number of Shaper Class vessels currently on order with Jinling Shipyard (Jiangsu) to eight. Wallenius Wilhelmsen also retains further options.

The first of the Shaper Class vessels already ordered are expected to be delivered in the second half of 2026. The four additional vessels under the declared options will be delivered between May and November 2027.


Photo credit: Wallenius Wilhelmsen
Published: 1 March 2024

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