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Singapore: MPA publishes guidelines for bunker suppliers in preparation of e-BDN launch

MPA will require all bunkering operations in Singapore to go digital such as usage of electronic processes and documentation after this initial period, which will be announced at a later date.




RESIZED bunker tanker singapore

The Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore (MPA) on Friday (27 October) issued Port Marine Circular No 12 of 2023 which outlines guidelines for the use of digital bunkering service for the bunker supplier, bunker craft operator and the vessel receiving bunkers as well as a sample of electronic bunker delivery note (eBDN) issued in Singapore: 


This circular serves to inform the community that digital bunkering will commence in the Port of Singapore from 1st November 2023. From 1st November 2023, bunker suppliers can start issuing electronic bunker delivery note (eBDN) and bunkering documentation required under the Singapore Standard (SS 648 – Code of practice for bunker mass flow metering) through the digital bunkering solutions whitelisted by MPA. Please refer to Annex A for a sample eBDN issued in Singapore (for illustration purposes only).

MPA has whitelisted the digital bunkering solutions to ensure conformance to bunkering standards, cybersecurity, baseline functionality, risk management and regulatory reporting requirements. The list of whitelisted solutions is published on MPA website (link) and will be progressively updated as new digital bunkering solutions become available. 

MPA will require all bunkering operations in Singapore to go digital (i.e., use electronic processes and documentation) after this initial period, which will be announced at a later date. As such all MPA licenced bunker suppliers and craft operators are strongly encouraged to adopt digital bunkering at the earliest possible, for the familiarisation of the cargo officers and crew. Please see Annex B which provides the guidelines for the use of digital bunkering service for the bunker supplier, bunker craft operator and the vessel receiving bunkers. 

The adoption of digital bunkering will increase efficiency of bunkering operations in the Port of Singapore. The MPA will continue to explore and work with the industry on other enhancements, including automating the data flow from Mass Flow Meters.

 Should you have any queries, please write to us at [email protected] or [email protected].


Screenshot 2023 10 27 at 2.24.57 PM
  • Security features include: (1) locked to protect from edits, (2) QR code for manual verification, and (3) electronic verification via a verification facility.
  • The eBDN also contains an attachment with machine readable/ interpretable data file, conforming to standardised formats and semantics, to enable interoperability by different IT systems.


For a smooth and efficient transition into digital bunkering, bunker suppliers and bunker craft operators should adopt the following measures:

I. Equip the barges with reliable internet connection on board, e.g., 5G/4G/LTE antenna, Satcomm, etc. The barges may also share their Wi-Fi hotspot with the receiving vessel if required.

II. Provide sufficient training for the cargo officer. i.e., usage of the whitelisted digital bunkering solution(s) to complete the bunkering workflow and documentation electronically.

III. Inform the customer, Master / Owner of the receiving vessel and surveyor, if engaged, in advance on the issuance of bunkering documentations electronically. This is to provide sufficient time for the receiving vessel to access the domain/URL(s) and receive emails with hyperlinks from whitelisted digital bunkering solution(s), and also prepare their electronic vessel/ company stamp.

IV. A user manual should be prepared and provided to the crew of the vessel receiving bunkers to explain the use of the digital platform smoothly.


The receiving vessel should adopt the following measures:

I. Corporate ICT Policy

a. Whitelist the domain/URL(s) and email sender to allow access to the digital bunkering solution(s), and prepare the electronic vessel stamp in advance for uploading.

b. Provide the Chief Engineer a device/computer with internet access during the port stay in Singapore.

II. Infrastructure and network

a. Provide reliable network on-board, e.g., subscribe to satellite communications packages with good max-info-rate and committed-info-rate, backup satellite communications, 4G/5G coastal plans, etc. Alternatively, the receiving vessel may also request to tap on Wi-Fi hotspot if available, from the bunker

barge’s representative or bunker surveyor (if engaged).

b. Carry out technology updates to ensure periodic refresh of IT assets, equipment and infrastructure. c. Ensure that the web browsers are up to date and security patched. 

d. IT system maintenance to be planned to minimise disruption of transmission during the bunkering operation, as it could impact smooth transmission of data and documents between the bunker barge and the vessel receiving the bunkers. 

III. Human factors 

a. Brief the Chief Engineer/ ship’s crew on digital bunkering system processes and issuance of bunkering documentations electronically in Singapore.

Photo credit: Manifold Times
Published: 27 October, 2023

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LNG Bunkering

Singapore: Pavilion Energy supplies LNG to TFG Marine dual-fuel bunker tanker

“MT Diligence” was refuelled with 34 cubic metres of LNG bunker fuel, supplied by Pavilion Energy, marking the first LNG bunkering of TFG Marine’s bunker vessel.





Singapore: Pavilion Energy supplies LNG to TFG Marine bunker tanker

Global marine fuel supply and procurement firm TFG Marine on Monday (20 May) announced the completion of the first liquefied natural gas (LNG) refuelling of its dual-fuel bunker tanker MT Diligence this week in Jurong Port, Singapore.

The 34 cubic metres (m3) of LNG to power the MT Diligence was supplied by the Marine division of Singapore-headquartered Pavilion Energy. 

“Deploying a vessel that can be powered by LNG as well as conventional low sulphur marine fuels helps TFG Marine to meet its licence requirement with the Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore (MPA),” TFG Marine said in a social media post.

Singapore: Pavilion Energy supplies LNG to TFG Marine dual-fuel bunker tanker

“Built and operated for TFG Marine by CBS Ventures Pte Ltd, the 5,000 dwt MT Diligence has been designed to our technical specifications, including stringent safety considerations and has joined our supply fleet this year in the major bunkering centre of Singapore.”

Manifold Times previously reported TFG Marine christening the first LNG dual-fuel bunker tanker to join its fleet.  

The newbuild vessel, MT Diligence, has joined the company's low sulphur fuel oil and biofuel supply operations in the major bunkering centre of Singapore.

Related: LNG dual-fuel bunker tanker “MT Diligence” joins TFG Marine fleet for Singapore ops


Photo credit: TFG Marine
Published: 21 May 2024

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Argus Media: Low-carbon methanol costly EU bunker fuel option

Despite GHG emissions savings that low-carbon methanol provides, it cannot currently compete on price with grey methanol or conventional marine fuels.





resized argusmedia

Ship owners are ordering new vessels equipped with methanol-burning capabilities, largely in response to tightening carbon emissions regulations in Europe. But despite the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions savings that low-carbon methanol provides, it cannot currently compete on price with grey methanol or conventional marine fuels.

17 May 2024

Ship owners operate 33 methanol-fueled vessels today and have another 29 on order through the end of the year, according to vessel classification society DNV. All 62 vessels are oil and chemical tankers.

DNV expects a total of 281 methanol-fueled vessels by 2028, of which 165 will be container ships, 19 bulk carrier and 14 car carrier vessels. Argus Consulting expects an even bigger build-out, with more than 300 methanol-fueled vessels by 2028.

A methanol configured dual-fuel vessel has the option to burn conventional marine fuel or any type of methanol: grey or low-carbon.

Grey methanol is made from natural gas or coal. Low-carbon methanol includes biomethanol, made of sustainable biomass, and e-methanol, produced by combining green hydrogen and captured carbon dioxide.

The fuel-switching capabilities of the dual-fuel vessels provide ship owners with a natural price hedge. When methanol prices are lower than conventional bunkers the ship owner can burn methanol, and vice versa.

Methanol, with its zero-sulphur emissions, is advantageous in emission control areas (ECAs), such as the US and Canadian territorial waters. In ECAs, the marine fuel sulphur content is capped at 0.1pc, and ship owners can burn methanol instead of 0.1pc sulphur maximum marine gasoil (MGO). In the US Gulf coast, the grey methanol discount to MGO was $23/t MGO-equivalent average in the first half of May. The grey methanol discount averaged $162/t MGOe for all of 2023.

Starting this year, ship owners travelling within, in and out of European territorial waters are required to pay for 40pc of their CO2 emissions through the EU emissions trading system. Next year, ship owners will be required to pay for 70pc of their CO2 emissions. Separately, ship owners will have to reduce their vessels' lifecycle GHG intensities, starting in 2025 with a 2pc reduction and gradually increasing to 80pc by 2050, from a 2020 baseline.

The penalty for exceeding the GHG emission intensity is set by the EU at €2,400/t ($2,596/t) of very low-sulplhur fuel oil equivalent. Even though these regulations apply to EU territorial waters, they affect ship owners travelling between the US and Europe.

Despite the lack of sulphur emissions, grey methanol generates CO2. With CO2 marine fuel shipping regulations tightening, ship owners have turned their sights to low-carbon methanol.

But US Gulf coast low-carbon methanol was priced at $2,317/t MGOe in the first half of May, nearly triple the outright price of MGO at $785/t. Factoring in the cost of 70pc of CO2 emissions and the GHG intensity penalty, the US Gulf coast MGO would rise to about $857/t. At this MGO level, the US Gulf coast low-carbon methanol would be 2.7 times the price of MGO. By comparison, grey methanol with added CO2 emissions cost would be around $962/t, or 1.1 times the price of MGO.

To mitigate the high low-carbon methanol costs, some ship owners have been eyeing long-term agreements with suppliers to lock in product availabilities and cheaper prices available on the spot market.

Danish container ship owner Maersk has led the way, entering in low-carbon methanol production agreements in the US with Proman, Orsted, Carbon Sink, and SunGas Renewables. These are slated to come on line in 2025-27. Global upcoming low-carbon methanol projects are expected to produce 16mn t by 2027, according to industry trade association the Methanol Institute, up from two years ago when the institute was tracking projects with total capacity of 8mn t by 2027.

By Stefka Wechsler


Photo credit and source: Argus Media
Published: 21 May 2024

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Bunker Fuel

Bunker Holding, 123Carbon and BV launch carbon insetting solution

Bunker Holding has concluded its first blockchain-powered carbon insetting operation in a new partnership with 123Carbon and Bureau Veritas.





Bunker Holding:Bunker tanker vessel supplying marine fuel to a cargo ship at anchorage

Marine fuel supplier Bunker Holding on Thursday (16 May) said it has concluded its first blockchain-powered carbon insetting operation in a new partnership with carbon insetting experts 123Carbon and Bureau Veritas.

This insetting partnership allows for the additional cost delivery of lower carbon, alternative marine fuels – such as sustainable biofuel – to be shared by carriers, freight forwarders, and cargo owners within the same value chain; allocated based on a globally accepted book and claim methodology.

“We’re excited to work with 123Carbon and Bureau Veritas, as we believe in complete transparency of how insets are created and transferred. Insetting is not new, but one concern within the maritime sector is under what circumstances alternative fuels are supplied, and who owns the emissions reductions,” said Tobias Troye, Head of Carbon Solutions at Bunker Holding.

By combining its alternative fuel supply expertise, its global access to low-carbon fuels and extensive carrier network with 123Carbon’s secure platform, Bunker Holding said it can offer carriers, freight forwarders, and cargo owners complete transparency and assurance regarding how their insets reduce maritime emissions.

“We are delighted that Bunker Holding not only uses our advanced platform for the issuance of the certificates, but has also chosen a fully branded solution to deliver the certificates in a secure environment to its customers,” said Jeroen van Heiningen, Managing Director of 123Carbon.

Working with 123Carbon’s blockchain-based insetting platform, and Bureau Veritas as third-party assurance partner to verify the fuel intervention and all related documentation, ensures that all insets are issued according to Smart Freight Centre’s Book & Claim methodology and 123Carbon’s assurance protocol.

To facilitate the intervention, Bunker Holding connected three different parties: the cargo owner, who wishes to reduce their scope 3 emissions and is willing to pay the “green premium”, the ship operator, to decarbonise its vessels through the use of biofuels, and the biofuel supplier, to deliver safe, high-quality low-carbon fuels. Due to the commitment from the cargo owner to purchase scope 3 insets, Bunker Holding was able to offer the biofuel at a more competitive cost to the ship operator, enabling the carrier to use biofuels instead of conventional fossil fuels.

“As a group, we are operationalising our decarbonisation strategy, and one key component has been to develop our alternative marine fuel supply capabilities, among others by securing fully certified biofuel availability in more than 100 ports around the world. The relative higher cost of alternative fuels may still prevent carriers to bunker it. However, carbon insetting helps bridge that gap, as it enables cost sharing and also sends an important demand signal to alternative fuel producers to scale up production,” said Valerie Ahrens, Senior Director of New Fuels and Carbon Markets at Bunker Holding.


Photo credit: Bunker Holding
Published: 21 May 2024

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