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Event report: 2023 Global Marine Fuel and Green Shipping Development Forum (Zhoushan, China)

Zhoushan port’s bunkering sector delivered over 6 million mt of marine fuel in 2022 cementing its position as the fourth largest bunkering international port.




2022 bunker supplier volumes

Singapore-based bunkering publication Manifold Times was present at the 2023 Global Marine Fuel and Green Shipping Development Forum at Zhoushan, China on 25 October.

More than 500 delegates from the domestic and international marine fuels supply chain were briefed by top management of the nation’s bunkering developments.

In 2022, Zhoushan port’s bunkering sector delivered over 6 million metric tonnes (mt) of marine fuel cementing its position as the fourth largest marine refuelling port in the world. From January to September 2023, the port recorded a total of 5.29 million mt of bonded ship fuel being bunkered, representing a year-on-year increase of 20.55%.

Wang Liguo

During the forum, Wang Liguo, Executive Director of the Marine Fuel Industry Committee of the China Petroleum Circulation Association, introduced the "2022 Global Bunker Rankings by Supplier” rankings and provided a brief analysis of global bunkering firms.

Cui Yiling

Cui Yiling, Deputy Director of Administrative Committee of Zhoushan High-tech Industrial, introduced achievements and future plans of Zhoushan's current bunkering sector while announcing the launch of construction work of China’s Northeast Asia Bonded Bunkering Center.

Fang Haifeng

Fang Haifeng, General Manager of Sinopec Fuel Oil Sales Co., LTD., spoke of his company ambitions through a presentation titled "Striving to be a global promoter of clean and smart ship energy" while offering a glimpse of Sinopec’s future green and low-carbon solutions.


Wang Yongxin, President of China Merchants Energy Shipping Co., Ltd., shared in this presentation “Exploration and practice of ship decarbonization in CMES” the firm’s three operational pillars which are "leading high-quality development of the industry with demand", "promoting the green and low-carbon development of the industry with ecology" and "promoting the progress of low-carbon and decarbonization technology in the industry with digitalization".

Karl Kleemeier

Karl Kleemeier, Head of Asia, SVP - Oil Markets at Argus Media, meanwhile delivered a keynote speech entitled "Global Bunker Fuel - Prices and Latest Developments". He explained the movement in global fuel supply prices from an international perspective and provided a comparison between Zhoushan and Singapore bunker prices.

Cui Yuwei

Cui Yuwei, Director of CCS Shanghai Rules & Research Institute, explained the latest developments in maritime emission reductions. When choosing an alternative bunker fuel for a newbuilding or retrofit, a shipowner needs to consider five key factors which are the potential for emission reductions, the completeness of regulations and standards, technological maturity, fuel availability and economy of use.

Zhao Kai

Zhao Kai, China Chief Representative of Methanol Institute, gave an outlook on the development of marine methanol fuel focusing on the characteristics of methanol, the development footprint of renewable methanol and the application trend of methanol marine fuel. A hazard analysis of different alternative fuels has presented methanol as the safest alternative bunker fuel, he stated.

Zhang Yuanyuan

Zhang Yuanyuan, Senior Manager of the Planning Department of PetroChina Natural Gas Marketing, introduced the development trends and market prospects of LNG as a marine fuel while providing an overview of PetroChina’s LNG business. She forecasts China's LNG bunkering demand to reach between 6 to 9 million mt in 2035.


The final roundtable discussion of the forum was moderated by Qi Yinliang, Founder of Beyond Shipping, with Zhuang Wei, Regional Manager of BIMCO Asia, Tokumoto Senji, Managing Director of MOL (China) Co., Ltd., Shen Tao, Head of China Sustainability Center ABS, Zhao Kuo, Head of shipping at Minsheng Financial Leasing, and Wang Biao, Marketing Director of Zhejiang Free Trade Zone Petrochina Fuel Oil Co.,Ltd, whom all focused on discussion of "Green Alternative of Marine Fuels Towards Zero-Carbon".

Photo credit: Zhoushan Municipal People's Government
Published: 8 November 2023

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Shipping Corridor

Singapore, LA and Long Beach unveil Partnership Strategy for Pacific Ocean green and digital shipping corridor

Ports and C40 have commissioned a study to analyse trade flows and vessel traffic between the three locations as well as estimate quantity of near-zero/zero-emission bunker fuels required for this traffic.





Singapore, LA and Long Beach unveils Partnership Strategy for Pacific Ocean green and digital shipping corridor

The Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore (MPA), Port of Los Angeles (POLA) and Port of Long Beach (POLB) on Wednesday (6 December) unveiled a Partnership Strategy for a green and digital shipping corridor (GDSC) across the Pacific Ocean at the 28th United Nations Climate Change Conference.

The release of the Partnership Strategy follows the signing of a memorandum of understanding (MoU) by MPA, POLA and POLB during Singapore Maritime Week in April 2023. The MoU formalised the partnership, which is supported by C40 Cities, with the aim of establishing a GDSC connecting the three global hub ports.

The scope of cooperation through the Partnership Strategy and success indicators specified within build upon the MoU signed in April 2023 and reaffirm the corridor partners’ commitment to drive global action to digitalise and decarbonise the shipping industry and improve efficiencies.

The GDSC Strategy outlines steps to accelerate decarbonisation of the maritime shipping industry by enabling first mover organisations to achieve net-zero greenhouse gas emissions by the earliest feasible date, in support of the goals defined by the 2023 International Maritime Organization’s Strategy on Reduction of GHG Emissions from Ships. The ports and C40 will work together and with value-chain stakeholders from the fuel and maritime sectors to:

● Coordinate decarbonisation efforts: GDSC partners will help to catalyse and coordinate efforts to enable ships calling at the Port of Singapore, Port of Los Angeles and Port of Long Beach to achieve net-zero greenhouse gas emissions by the earliest feasible date. 

● Build consensus on green shipping best practices: GDSC partners will seek to establish consensus around green shipping best practices and standards.

● Improve access to and adoption of technology and digital solutions: To enhance supply chain efficiency, resilience and decarbonisation while reducing costs and improving reliability, GDSC partners will work to develop and deploy innovative technology and digital solutions.

● Leverage networks: GDSC partners will work with stakeholders involved in other green shipping initiatives, including those established by the three ports and other parties, to scale the uptake of zero and near-zero emission technologies, fuels and energy sources.

To achieve these aims, a partnership structure and governance mechanism have been developed to provide clarity on the roles and responsibilities of GDSC partners. The strategy also outlines processes for onboarding new participants, financial management, confidentiality and decision-making.

As next steps, the ports and C40 have commissioned a study to analyse trade flows and vessel traffic between Singapore, Los Angeles and Long Beach. The study will estimate the quantity of near-zero and zero-emission fuels required for this traffic, and guide implementation by identifying opportunities for collaboration to advance the development of the GDSC.

The founding partners will now engage stakeholders from across the shipping and fuel supply value chains that share the GDSC's vision and aims, with the intention of onboarding new corridor participants in 2024. 

Mr Teo Eng Dih, Chief Executive of MPA, said: “We are excited to see this partnership grow from strength to strength with the Green and Digital Shipping Corridor Partnership Strategy. We have embarked on evaluating the various digital solutions and zero and near-zero fuels options that could be trialled along the route between Singapore and the San Pedro Bay Port Complex. We look forward to the support of all the corridor stakeholders over the coming months to conduct trials and potentially scale them for wider adoption.”

"This Partnership Strategy document is the foundation upon which we'll build the future of maritime shipping,” Port of Los Angeles Executive Director Gene Seroka said. “Our success requires the resolve and dedication of the three partnering ports as well as our industry partners. Together, we will model the collaboration necessary to achieve our climate and efficiency goals." 

“Over the last two decades, we've learned that collaboration between maritime industry partners is the key to making meaningful progress in reducing emissions and cleaning the air,”Port of Long Beach CEO Mario Cordero said. “This trans-Pacific green shipping corridor takes this concept global. The strategies we develop here can be used as a roadmap by a larger network of seaports and supply chain companies to invest in programs, technologies, software and infrastructure to decarbonize international trade everywhere.”

C40 Executive Director Mark Watts, said: "C40 is proud to support our port partners in delivering this Partnership Strategy. The advancement of this Green and Digital Shipping Corridor brings the shipping sector one step closer to a 1.5°C-aligned trajectory. Green shipping is only achievable through collaboration because no one stakeholder can afford to move unless they know others are likely to follow. That’s where C40 is delighted to help, bringing our network of world-leading cities, which include most of the world’s largest and most forward-looking ports."

Note: The Partnership Strategy document can be viewed here

Photo credit: Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore
Published: 7 December, 2023

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LNG Bunkering

DNV awards AiP to China Merchants Jinling Shipyard for world’s largest PCTC design

DNV has awarded an Approval in Principle certificate to China Merchants Jinling Shipyard (Nanjing) for its 11,000-CEU capacity LNG-fuelled PCTC design at Marintec China trade fair.





DNV awards AiP to China Merchants Jinling Shipyard for world’s largest PCTC design

Classification society DNV on Wednesday (6 December) said it has awarded an Approval in Principle (AiP) certificate to China Merchants Jinling Shipyard (Nanjing) Co., Ltd. for its 11,000-CEU capacity LNG-fuelled pure car and truck carrier (PCTC) design at the Marintec China trade fair. 

Recognized as the world's largest PCTC, the 234m long and 40m wide ship will have 14 decks allowing 11,000 car equivalent units (CEUs) to be stored simultaneously, which not only increases efficiency but also reduces the transport cost per vehicle.

By implementing a combination of decarbonization measures, the so-called “Super Large Smart Green 11,000” design will result in a significant reduction in carbon emissions, in line with the stringent requirements of the Energy Efficiency Design Index (EEDI) Phase 3 and NOx Tier III. The PCTC will use LNG as its primary fuel and will be equipped with a 4,200cbm LNG storage tank.

With the assistance of ship designer Deltamarin, the hull line of the vessel has been optimised through numerous CFD calculations and ship model tests. Additional energy-saving features include a stern flow optimization device and an air lubrication system, which effectively minimise resistance and reduce the required propulsion power. The integration of hybrid propulsion systems and solar power further underlines the commitment to reducing energy consumption.

"We expect the market for electric vehicles to continue to grow, driving demand for PCTCs. Scale, energy efficiency and low carbon fuel are key to reducing emissions from the transport of these vessels. As a leading class for car carriers, DNV is honoured to be entrusted with the assessment of this next generation of car carriers and we look forward to working with China Merchants to bring these vessels to the water," said Norbert Kray, Regional Manager Greater China at DNV Maritime.

According to China Merchants, the shipyard is already in discussions with potential customers for the 11,000 CEU PCTC.

Photo credit: DNV
Published: 7 December, 2023

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Alternative Fuels

China: ClassNK AiP issued to SDARI for three vehicle carrier designs with alternative fuel propulsion

ClassNK has issued AiPs for ammonia ready, methanol dual fuel and ammonia dual fuel vehicle carriers which were developed by Shanghai Merchant Ship Design & Research Institute.





China: ClassNK AiP issued to SDARI for three vehicle carrier designs with alternative fuel propulsion

Classification society ClassNK on Wednesday (6 December) said it has issued Approvals in Principle (AiPs) for three vehicle carrier designs developed by Shanghai Merchant Ship Design & Research Institute (SDARI) at Marintec China 2023.

The first AiP acknowledged an ammonia ready, LNG dual-fuel vehicle carrier with a capacity of 7,000 CEU, a significant first in China’s independently developed design. SDARI integrated the GTT MARK III Flex containment system for LNG and ammonia fuel storage to maximise the cargo capacity efficiently.

ClassNK also granted AiPs for both methanol dual-fuel and ammonia dual-fuel vehicle carriers, each with a capacity of 10,000 CEU, which is envisioned to lead the development of ultra-large vehicle carriers.

‘SDARI has created these three models exemplify the new generation of green vehicle carriers, adaptable to various alternative fuel options and catering to future market demands,” ClassNK said in a statement. 

“ClassNK has engaged in SDARI’s development projects, and carried out its review in accordance with the relevant standards, including its latest structural rules Part C and Guidelines for Ships Using Alternative Fuels.”

“Marking the AiPs as the milestone, ClassNK is committed to further providing expertise to assist the design firm’s initiative in expanding the industry’s pathway for the transition to decarbonisation.”

Photo credit: ClassNK
Published: 7 December, 2023

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