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DNV: Preparing for the EU ETS – next steps

Ship owners and managers should make an agreement on who assumes the responsibilities for the EU MRV and EU ETS and to provide an updated Monitoring Plan to the verifiers, says DNV.

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Classification society DNV on Friday (17 November) released a statutory news for cargo and passenger ships above 5,000 GT sailing in the EU on the upcoming Emission Trading System:

Background

The EU amended the Emission Trading System (EU ETS) Directive to include shipping from 1 January 2024. The monitoring, reporting and verification requirements detailed in the EU MRV regulation have also been revised to support the EU ETS. 

The European Commission (EC) is now in the process of developing implementation and delegation regulations providing more details, and DNV will communicate these in due course. 

This news provides an update on the options for the responsible shipping company, as well as other relevant technical, operational and commercial matters when preparing for ETS. Please make sure to visit our revamped EU ETS topic page with a comprehensive FAQ section providing you with even more clarity and guidance on these critical topics.

Shipping company responsible for the EU ETS and EU MRV

The EC has adopted an implementing regulation detailing which company is responsible for monitoring and reporting greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and surrendering emission allowances. The default responsible entity is the registered owner, also if the ship is on a bareboat charter. The responsibility can be shifted to the technical manager – i.e. the ISM company – only by an agreement between the registered owner and the ISM company explicitly stating the delegation. 

The company responsible for monitoring and reporting under the MRV regulation must be the same as the company responsible under the ETS directive for surrendering emission allowances. However, the practical aspects related to monitoring and reporting – such as developing a monitoring plan, implementation, and developing emissions reports – can still be performed by technical management companies.

Options for managing the responsibility and practical aspects related to the EU MRV and EU ETS

There are basically three options for managing the responsibility and practical aspects related to the EU MRV and EU ETS: 

1. The registered owner takes on the responsibility for compliance with the MRV and ETS and establishes its own monitoring system

The owner company should provide its Administering Authority (AA – see below) with a list of ships for which it assumes responsibility with the MRV and ETS obligations. The registered owner must establish its own monitoring system, develop a Monitoring Plan, have it assessed by a verifier, and submit it to the AA by 1 April 2024.

2. The registered owner takes on the responsibility for compliance with the MRV and ETS but delegates the practical monitoring to the ISM company 

The owner company provides its AA with a list of ships for which it assumes responsibility with the MRV and ETS obligations. The ISM company can continue with the monitoring and reporting as today, but the Monitoring Plan must be updated referring to the owner as the responsible entity. 

The ISM company will implement the Monitoring Plan and provide the emissions reports for the registered owner. It is still not decided if it will be possible for the ISM company to submit the plans and reports in Thetis MRV on the owner’s behalf. 

3. The registered owner delegates the responsibility for compliance with the MRV and ETS to the ISM manager 

The registered owner company and ISM company must sign a document clearly indicating that the ISM company has been mandated by the shipowner to comply with the MRV and ETS obligations. The ISM company may be mandated by several owner companies, but it remains a single shipping company responsible for the combined fleet under the MRV and ETS. Under this option, the existing Monitoring Plan can be continued, provided it is extended with the required additional elements required by the updated Monitoring Plan template (see below).

Shipowners and ship managers should make an agreement on who assumes the responsibility for the EU MRV and EU ETS, and update any documentation as needed.

Administering Authority (AA)

Each company, whether it is the registered owner or ISM company, will be assigned to an AA of an EU/EEA member state. Companies registered in an EU/EEA country will be assigned to the AA of that country. Companies registered outside the EU/EEA will be assigned to the AA of the country where their ships had the most port calls the last four years. The EC will provide a list of companies and their respective AA by 1 February 2024. 

Each shipping company responsible for one or more ships under ETS needs to apply for a Maritime Operator Holding Account with its AA, within 40 days after the list is published by the EC. The practicalities related to this will vary between different AAs. The AA is then required to open the account within an additional 40 working days.

The documentation requirements for opening an account are common for all AAs and include:

• General info about the legal entity (e.g., name, address, contact person)

• If the company is the registered owner: a list of ships for which the company assumes control 

• If the account holder is part of a group: a document clearly identifying the structure of the group (certified true copy required).

The AA may also ask for a document proving:

• Registration of the legal entity, its bank account details and confirmation of VAT registration

• Name, date of birth and nationality of the legal entity’s beneficial owner, including the type of ownership or control they are exercising

• A copy of the instruments establishing the legal entity

• A copy of the annual report or of the latest audited financial statements, or if no audited financial statements are available, a copy of the financial statements stamped by the tax office or the financial director.

Companies, who know which AA they will be assigned to, should apply for a Maritime Operator Holding Account as soon as possible.

Change of company and partial emissions reports

In case of change of company (i.e., either the registered owner or the ISM company), the MRV regulation requires that a partial emissions report is verified and submitted in the Thetis MRV no later than three months after the change. This ensures that both the previous and the next companies can submit a company level emissions report containing the emissions for which each company was liable for surrendering allowances for under the ETS in the reporting period. The need for a partial emissions report strictly follows from the responsible company, either the registered owner or the ISM company. In case the owner has assumed the responsibility, a change in the ISM company will not trigger the need for a partial emissions report. If the responsibility is delegated to the ISM company and the ship changes owner, it will depend on whether the new owner delegates the responsibility to the same ISM company. If the new owner assumes the responsibility itself, or a new ISM company takes over the responsibility, a partial emissions report is required.

Update of Monitoring Plan

An updated Monitoring Plan assessed to be in conformity by a verifier must be submitted to the AA by 1 April 2024. Regardless of which AA the company is assigned to, the submission of Monitoring Plans and emissions reports is performed through Thetis MRV. 

The Monitoring Plan has been expanded to reflect the additional obligations under the MRV and ETS. The new plan template covers, among other smaller adjustments:

  • Emission factors for CH4 and N2O, in addition to CO2 
  • Procedures related to determining the emission factors for biofuels, RFNBOs (renewable fuels of non-biological origin) and RCFs (recycled carbon fuels)
  • Emission source class and slippage coefficient values for LNG-fuelled ships
  • Detailed information on the shipping company 
  • Information on application of carbon capture and storage technologies
  • Procedures covering data flow activities and risk assessment.

The figure on the following page summarizes the EU MRV/ ETS milestones as discussed in this news.

MRV/ETS requirements timeline

TecReg28 770 tcm8 250048

DNV recommends that companies establish or update their Monitoring Plans and submit them for assessment as soon as possible. Conveniently, the revised MRV Monitoring Plan online form from DNV is now available in Fleet Status on Veracity to support the preparation, with information from the previous plan revision readily available. Validation rules and info boxes will guide you to ensure all updated tables are filled in and the plan is ready to be submitted.

MRV Monitoring Plan >>

Recommendations

Ship owners and managers should make an agreement on who assumes the responsibilities for the EU MRV and EU ETS and to provide an updated Monitoring Plan to the verifiers. For DNV customers, the revised MRV Monitoring Plan online form is available in Fleet Status on Veracity. AAs should be updated on the ships as soon as it is clear which AA each company is assigned to. DNV recommends that companies, who know which AA they will be assigned to, apply for a Maritime Operator Holding Account as soon possible.

AAs should be updated on the ships as soon as it is clear which AA each company is assigned to. DNV recommends that companies, who know which AA they will be assigned to, apply for a Maritime Operator Holding Account as soon possible.

Photo credit: CHUTTERSNAP on Unsplash
Published: 21 November, 2023

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Alternative Fuels

Championing environmental stewardship: DNV partners Anglo American for vessel electrification feasibility study

Study revealed the potential transformation of Anglo American supported- Waterways Watch Society’s petrol-powered boats into battery electric vessels, aligning with their mission to safeguard waterways in Singapore.

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Classification society DNV recently sat down with global mining company and shipowner Anglo American to discuss their joint high-level vessel electrification feasibility study in the first episode of DNV’s Decarbonization Insights series.

In this session, DNV executed a feasibility study of battery electric boat operations for Waterways Watch Society (WWS), a non-profit organization supported by Anglo American.

The study revealed the potential transformation of WWS’ petrol-powered boats into cutting-edge battery electric vessels, aligning with their mission to safeguard waterways in Singapore.

Currently, there are six workboats powered by petrol at Waterways Watch Society, used/deployed for educational purposes, including collecting litter around Singapore’s waters.

The scope of work included technical assessment and commercial study on the electrification solutions.

Anesan Naidoo, Head of Sustainability at Anglo American, discussed how the innovative collaboration emphasizes their dedication to corporate responsibility, while DNV experts shared their perspectives on how vessel electrification is reshaping the landscape of maritime decarbonization in Singapore and the wider region.

Watch a trailer of the first episode of DNV’s Decarbonization Insights featuring Anglo American on DNV’s official YouTube Channel here.

 

Photo credit: DNV
Published: 15 April 2024

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Events

18th Singapore Maritime Week opens with ‘Actions meet Ambition’ theme

MPA will be making several announcements related to developments on low- emission maritime energy transition technologies, maritime artificial intelligence, cybersecurity, and manpower, over the five-day event.

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18th Singapore Maritime Week opens with ‘Actions meet Ambition’ theme

The Singapore Maritime Week (SMW), organised by the Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore (MPA), returned in its 18th edition with more than 50 events from 15 to 19 April 2024 at the Suntec Singapore Convention and Exhibition Centre.

Themed ‘Actions meet Ambition’, MPA said SMW is organised around four pillars - decarbonisation, digitalisation, services, and talent development. More than 10,000 maritime professionals from close to 40 countries, including delegates from governments, port authorities, international organisations, as well as industry experts and thought leaders are expected to attend SMW. 

In addition, the inaugural Expo@SMW trade exhibition, taking place from 16 to 18 April 2024 as part of SMW 2024, will showcase maritime solutions by close to 50 companies and startups.

SMW 2024 was launched by Mr Chee Hong Tat, Singapore’s Minister for Transport and Second Minister for Finance. Speaking at the Opening Ceremony, Mr Chee highlighted that Maritime Singapore has continued to grow year-on-year – a mark of the industry’s vote of confidence in Singapore, and the strong tripartite relationship between business, workers, and the government. 

Looking forward, Mr Chee said that Singapore aims to be a global hub for innovation, reliable and resilient maritime operations, and maritime talent, to better serve the current and future needs of our stakeholders and allow Singapore to contribute to global development and sustainability goals effectively.

A maritime dialogue was held on the topic of Supply Chain Resilience, Digitalisation and Decarbonisation. The panel, comprising Dr Volker Wissing, Federal Minister for Digital Affairs and Transport, Germany, Mr Even Tronstad Sagebakken, Deputy Minister, Ministry of Trade, Industry and Fisheries, Norway, and Mr Francis Zachariae, Secretary-General, International Association of Marine Aids to Navigation and Lighthouse Authorities (IALA) was moderated by Professor Simon Tay, Chairman, Singapore Institute of International Affairs. 

The panel discussed the challenges the maritime sector faces when dealing with these changes and disruptions, the efforts and measures undertaken by them to prepare the maritime industry and its workforce, and the potential for various stakeholders to work together to address these challenges and capture new opportunities.

Other participants of SMW 2024 include Mr Arsenio Dominguez, Secretary- General of the International Maritime Organization (IMO); and Mr Sergio Mujica, Secretary-General of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO).

Speaking at his first maritime event in Singapore since his appointment as the Secretary-General of the IMO in January 2024, Mr Dominguez delivered a keynote speech at the Singapore Maritime Lecture that was moderated by Ambassador Mary Seet-Cheng, Singapore’s Non-Resident High Commissioner to the Republic of Fiji and Non-Resident Ambassador to the Pacific Islands Forum.

Secretary-General Dominguez emphasised the importance of ensuring seafarer safety and wellbeing, particularly in the light of geopolitical changes impacting shipping, and highlighted his vision for IMO to flourish as a transparent, inclusive, diverse institution. 

He also noted the rapid green and digital transition unfolding in the maritime sector, driven by the targets set by IMO Member States in the IMO 2023 GHG Strategy. 

Mr. Dominguez said: “IMO is on track to adopt mid-term measures by late 2025 to cut GHG emissions, to reach net zero targets. Alongside this regulatory work, there is a need to consider issues such as safety, pricing, infrastructural availability to deliver new fuels, lifecycle emissions, supply chain constraints, barriers to adoption and more.”

“Seafarers will require training to be able to operate new technologies as well as zero or near-zero emission powered vessels safely.”

“We need ‘early movers’ in the industry as well as forward-looking policy makers to take the necessary risks and secure the right investments that will stimulate long-term solutions for the sector. In this regard, we welcome the efforts being undertaken by Singapore to facilitate collaboration among maritime stakeholders, including the MPA-led Maritime Energy Training Facility.”

SMW 2024 will also bring together MPA’s Green and Digital Shipping Corridor (GDSC) partners, namely Australia, six ports in Japan, Port of Los Angeles, Port of Long Beach, Port of Rotterdam, and Tianjin, to discuss GDSC initiatives to support IMO’s Greenhouse Gases (GHG) emission reduction targets for international shipping.

These include the development and uptake of zero or near-zero GHG emission fuels at scale along corridor routes, technologies to accelerate decarbonisation, collaboration to enhance operational and digital efficiencies, as well as updates on key milestones achieved for the Singapore and Port of Rotterdam and the Singapore and Port of Los Angeles and Port of Long Beach GDSCs.

MPA will ink several partnerships and agreements with more than 30 partners during SMW 2024 in areas such as training and cybersecurity. These partners comprise international organisations, foreign governments and agencies, classification societies, maritime partners, institutes of higher learning, tech companies, trade associations, and unions. 

MPA will also be making several announcements related to developments on low- emission maritime energy transition technologies, maritime artificial intelligence, cybersecurity, and manpower, over the five-day event.

MPA and 22 partners , including the leading global marine engine manufacturers, today also signed a Letter of Intent to establish the Maritime Energy Training Facility (METF). The METF, supported by the tripartite maritime community in Singapore, aims to close the skills and competencies gap for the safe operation of new zero or near-zero emission-powered vessels.

 

Photo credit: Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore
Published: 15 April 2024

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Alternative Fuels

MPA to set up facility for maritime workforce to train in handling new bunker fuels

Facility will be anchored by new dual-fuel marine engine simulator for training on safe handling, bunkering and management of incidents involving the use of alternative marine fuels such as methanol.

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MPA to set up facility for maritime workforce to train in handling new bunker fuels

The Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore (MPA) on Monday (15 April) said it will establish an industry-supported facility to address the current competencies gap by training the global maritime workforce in handling and operating vessels using clean marine fuels. 

MPA said there is a need for more maritime personnel and seafarers to be trained and equipped to operate these ships safely and efficiently as the number of ships operating on zero or near-zero emission fuels grows. 

With hundreds of crew changes conducted daily here, Singapore’s Maritime Energy Training Facility (METF) is well placed to support the training of international seafarers. Ship owners and operators can expect time and training cost savings by tapping on METF’s training facilities. 

Around 10,000 seafarers and other maritime personnel are expected to be trained at METF from now to the 2030s, as the facilities are progressively developed by 2026.

The Letter of Intent to establish METF was signed by MPA and 22 partners comprising global marine engine manufacturers, international organisations, classification societies, trade associations, unions, and institutes of higher learning, at the SMW 2024 opening ceremony. 

The setting up of METF follows from recommendations put forth by the Tripartite Advisory Panel, formed in early 2023 by SMF and supported by MPA, to identify emerging and future skills and competencies to build for the maritime workforce.

METF will be established as a decentralised network of training facilities in Singapore. It will be anchored by a new dual-fuel marine engine simulator for training on the safe handling, bunkering and management of incidents involving the use of alternative fuels, such as methanol and ammonia. 

Other training facilities supporting METF include the integrated engine room and bridge simulator by the Singapore Maritime Academy (SMA) at Singapore Polytechnic (SP), as well as the bridge and engine simulator at Wavelink Maritime Institute (WMI)2 for crew resource management training. 

For emergency response training, METF is supported by gas and fire safety training facilities at Poly Marina operated by the SMA, as well as AR-enabled scenario- based training developed by SP’s Centre of Excellence in Maritime Safety.

METF will also tap various partners’ assets and training technologies to upskill the global maritime workforce, including seafarers, on the operations, bunkering and management of zero or near-zero emission-powered vessels. New training courses and curriculum will be developed by METF’s partners, and progressively rolled out from this year.

MPA also aims to support and contribute to the work of the Maritime Just Transition Task Force (MJTTF) as one of the institutions rolling out the Baseline Training Framework for Seafarers in Decarbonization – which is under development – through METF. 

This will directly contribute to the joint International Maritime Organization (IMO)–MJTTF work to develop training provisions for seafarers in support of decarbonisation of shipping, and complements the IMO's ongoing comprehensive review of the International Convention and Code on Standards of

Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers (STCW). Singapore is currently chairing the IMO Working Group on the comprehensive review of the STCW Convention and Code, established in 2023 under the Sub-Committee on Human Element, Training and Watchkeeping.

As part of the METF curriculum, SMA has launched one of the Asia Pacific’s first training courses focused on handling methanol as fuel for ships. The training course, accredited by MPA, covers operational and safety protocols during methanol fuelling developed by MPA following the first ship-to-containership methanol bunkering operation conducted in Singapore in July 2023. 

The course also includes a methanol firefighting practical component covering both shipboard and terminal fires. SMA currently offers two sessions of the Basic and Advanced courses every month, with plans to scale up based on the industry’s demands. The course will be open to all maritime personnel and seafarers starting in April 2024.

With strong demand signalled by the industry for such common training facilities, METF is expected to catalyse investments by the industry to develop other training facilities and solutions in Singapore to tap into this growth area. MAN Energy Solutions, one of the leading global engine makers of alternative-fuel engines, recently opened a new mixed-purpose facility. 

The facility includes a new MAN PrimeServ5 training academy for customers and employees on the safe operation, maintenance, and troubleshooting of all MAN Energy Solutions equipment. METF is also expected to benefit corporate training academies set up by shipping companies, such as those from Eastern Pacific Shipping, to train their global seafaring crew and shore-based personnel.

The MPA – SMF Joint Office for Talent and Skills (Joint Office) was established in March 2024 to coordinate and drive the tripartite efforts by the government, industry, and unions to upskill the Maritime Singapore workforce across shore-based and seafaring jobs and to ensure Singapore continues to have access to a diversity of maritime talents and experts.

To provide workers with greater flexibility in the acquisition of new skills, the Joint Office will work with IHLs and industry to review and progressively convert relevant short-term courses, or on-the-job training into accredited competency-based micro-credentials. These will focus on emerging skills such as maritime cybersecurity, digitalisation, and sustainability. 

The micro-credentials could potentially be stacked towards formal or industry-recognised qualifications and to fill the gap in quality and flexible upskilling or reskilling opportunities for working adults while they remain in full employment. The Joint Office plans to expand the micro-credential pathway, allowing recognition of more courses and workplace learning as micro-credentials over time.

Related: Singapore bunkering sector enters milestone with first methanol marine refuelling op

 

Photo credit: Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore
Published: 15 April 2024

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