Classification Society ClassNK on Tuesday (24 September) said it has granted an Approval in Principle (AIP) to Osaka Gas for their joint project with Daihatsu Diesel on a Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) Reformer for marine engines – the first AIP granted in Japan for such equipment.
The LPG Reformer is designed to convert LPG into synthetic methane gas equivalent to the kind found in liquefied natural gas (LNG), according to ClassNK.
Due to being mainly composed of propane and butane, LPG is susceptible to knocking (abnormal combustion), making it difficult to use as a fuel for lean burn gas engines and dual fuel engines.
In contrast, by converting LPG into synthetic methane gas with the LPG Reformer prior to fuelling the engine, the risks of knocking can be restrained, resulting in equivalent operational performance observed when using LNG.
“Further, when using LPG as fuel, the International Code of Safety for Ships using Gases or other Low-flashpoint Fuels (IGF code) applies,” it states.
“The current IGF code, however, does not address specific regulations for alternative fuels other than LNG.
“For this reason, ClassNK released Guidelines for Ships Using Low-Flashpoint Fuels (Methyl / Ethyl Alcohol / LPG) in June 2019 which outline safety requirements for other viable alternative fuels besides LNG.
“The recently issued AIP to Osaka Gas is also in line with these guidelines.”
Photo credit: ClassNK
Published: 25 September, 2019
Universal Alliance, BMS United, Digiland International, Goodwood Associates, Southernpec (Singapore), and Taigu Energy were involved in alleged circular fictitious trades of fuel oil during July 2015.
Bunker orders of ISO 8217:2010 spec LS 380 cSt 0.5% for Nord Gemini, Nord Titan, Ocean Rosemary, and Luzern were placed through global commodities trading and logistics house Trafigura Pte Ltd.
While Covid-19 concerns are important, Captain Rahul Choudhuri was quick to note this does not mean bunker fuel related issues have indeed disappeared from the shipping sector.
‘Therefore, representing the players of the Malaysian bunker industry, we sincerely hope that this matter can be refined and reconsidered immediately so that all parties benefit together,’ says communication.
Maureen Poh, a Director of Helmsman LLC, offers plain practical tips on the differences between US and EU Sanctions and shares some thoughts on what companies could do if they are potentially exposed to sanctioned entities.
‘We [Consort Bunkers] have the opinion that the bunker business in Singapore is not related to the widely reported earlier cargo commodity trading mishaps,’ company source tells Manifold Times.