Connect with us

Port & Regulatory

Argus Media publishes FAQ on EU ETS inclusion of marine shipping

With the EU including GHG emissions from marine shipping in its ETS starting 1 January 2024, Argus Media releases a FAQ to prepare ship owners and charterers before the new regulation kicks in.

Admin

Published

on

resized argusmedia

Argus Media recently published a frequently asked questions document on the EU including GHG emissions from marine shipping in its Emissions Trading System (ETS). It also addresses if shipowners have to pay for CO2 allowances for emissions from bio bunker fuels starting in 2024:

The EU will include greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from marine shipping in its Emissions Trading System (ETS) starting on 1 January 2024. From 2024, ship owners and charterers travelling in, out and within EU territorial waters will pay for 40pc of their GHG emissions by buying GHG credits sold on the ETS. In 2025, the emissions limit will increase to 70pc. The cap jumps to 100pc in 2026.

EU ETS applies to what types of vessels?

  • From 2024: cargo and passenger ships 5,000 gross tonnes (GT) or larger
  • From 2027: offshore ships 5,000 GT or larger

By 2026 the European Commission will review whether general cargo and offshore ships from 400-5,000 GT will also be included in the ETS.

What type of GHG emissions does EU ETS include?

The regulation includes carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions. CH4 and N2O emissions are calculated as CO2-equivalents (CO2e) using a Global Warming Potential of 100 years (GWP100), where one tonne (t) of CH4 equals 28t CO2e and 1t of N2O equals 265t CO2e. EU ETS will apply to

  • CO2 emissions from 2024
  • CH4 and N2O emissions from 2026

What is the geographical scope of the new regulation?

EU ETS accounts 100pc of emissions that occur when ships are within EU and European Economic Area (EEA) waters. EEA includes Iceland and Norway (which are not members of EU). EU ETS also accounts for 50pc of emissions from voyages starting or ending outside of the EU and EEA. Separately, container ships stopping in transshipment ports outside the EU and EEA but less than 300 nautical miles from an EU and EEA port, must include 50pc of the emissions for the voyage to/from the transshipment port as well.

Will companies have to surrender allowances for emissions from biofuels?

Currently, emissions resulting from the combustion of sustainable biomass compliant with the sustainability criteria established by Annex IX part A of the EU’s Renewable Energy Directive (RED) have an emission factor of zero under the ETS.

How does EU ETS work?

One EU ETS allowance (EUA) gives the ship operator the right to emit 1t of CO2e. These are the same GHG allowances already used by EU industry, power sector and aircraft operators. Vessel operators are not allowed to generate more greenhouse gas emissions than their allowances can cover. For instance, if a company emits 10,000t of CO2 during a reporting year, that company needs to buy and surrender 10,000 allowances by 30 September of the following year.

EUAs are auctioned. They can be purchased in the primary market through auctions on the European Energy Exchange (EEX). There is also a secondary market in which allowances can be sold bilaterally or through various derivatives provided by financial institutions. To purchase ETS allowances, companies need to open a trading account or a maritime operator holding account in the EU Union Registry. Shipping companies can already open trading accounts to start buying allowances. Allowances do not expire and may be banked for future years.

Note: The full FAQ on EU ETS inclusion of marine shipping can be found here.

Photo credit: Argus Media
Published: 16 November, 2023

Continue Reading

LNG Bunkering

Singapore: Pavilion Energy supplies LNG to TFG Marine dual-fuel bunker tanker

“MT Diligence” was refuelled with 34 cubic metres of LNG bunker fuel, supplied by Pavilion Energy, marking the first LNG bunkering of TFG Marine’s bunker vessel.

Admin

Published

on

By

Singapore: Pavilion Energy supplies LNG to TFG Marine bunker tanker

Global marine fuel supply and procurement firm TFG Marine on Monday (20 May) announced the completion of the first liquefied natural gas (LNG) refuelling of its dual-fuel bunker tanker MT Diligence this week in Jurong Port, Singapore.

The 34 cubic metres (m3) of LNG to power the MT Diligence was supplied by the Marine division of Singapore-headquartered Pavilion Energy. 

“Deploying a vessel that can be powered by LNG as well as conventional low sulphur marine fuels helps TFG Marine to meet its licence requirement with the Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore (MPA),” TFG Marine said in a social media post.

Singapore: Pavilion Energy supplies LNG to TFG Marine dual-fuel bunker tanker

“Built and operated for TFG Marine by CBS Ventures Pte Ltd, the 5,000 dwt MT Diligence has been designed to our technical specifications, including stringent safety considerations and has joined our supply fleet this year in the major bunkering centre of Singapore.”

Manifold Times previously reported TFG Marine christening the first LNG dual-fuel bunker tanker to join its fleet.  

The newbuild vessel, MT Diligence, has joined the company's low sulphur fuel oil and biofuel supply operations in the major bunkering centre of Singapore.

Related: LNG dual-fuel bunker tanker “MT Diligence” joins TFG Marine fleet for Singapore ops

 

Photo credit: TFG Marine
Published: 21 May 2024

Continue Reading

Methanol

Argus Media: Low-carbon methanol costly EU bunker fuel option

Despite GHG emissions savings that low-carbon methanol provides, it cannot currently compete on price with grey methanol or conventional marine fuels.

Admin

Published

on

By

resized argusmedia

Ship owners are ordering new vessels equipped with methanol-burning capabilities, largely in response to tightening carbon emissions regulations in Europe. But despite the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions savings that low-carbon methanol provides, it cannot currently compete on price with grey methanol or conventional marine fuels.

17 May 2024

Ship owners operate 33 methanol-fueled vessels today and have another 29 on order through the end of the year, according to vessel classification society DNV. All 62 vessels are oil and chemical tankers.

DNV expects a total of 281 methanol-fueled vessels by 2028, of which 165 will be container ships, 19 bulk carrier and 14 car carrier vessels. Argus Consulting expects an even bigger build-out, with more than 300 methanol-fueled vessels by 2028.

A methanol configured dual-fuel vessel has the option to burn conventional marine fuel or any type of methanol: grey or low-carbon.

Grey methanol is made from natural gas or coal. Low-carbon methanol includes biomethanol, made of sustainable biomass, and e-methanol, produced by combining green hydrogen and captured carbon dioxide.

The fuel-switching capabilities of the dual-fuel vessels provide ship owners with a natural price hedge. When methanol prices are lower than conventional bunkers the ship owner can burn methanol, and vice versa.

Methanol, with its zero-sulphur emissions, is advantageous in emission control areas (ECAs), such as the US and Canadian territorial waters. In ECAs, the marine fuel sulphur content is capped at 0.1pc, and ship owners can burn methanol instead of 0.1pc sulphur maximum marine gasoil (MGO). In the US Gulf coast, the grey methanol discount to MGO was $23/t MGO-equivalent average in the first half of May. The grey methanol discount averaged $162/t MGOe for all of 2023.

Starting this year, ship owners travelling within, in and out of European territorial waters are required to pay for 40pc of their CO2 emissions through the EU emissions trading system. Next year, ship owners will be required to pay for 70pc of their CO2 emissions. Separately, ship owners will have to reduce their vessels' lifecycle GHG intensities, starting in 2025 with a 2pc reduction and gradually increasing to 80pc by 2050, from a 2020 baseline.

The penalty for exceeding the GHG emission intensity is set by the EU at €2,400/t ($2,596/t) of very low-sulplhur fuel oil equivalent. Even though these regulations apply to EU territorial waters, they affect ship owners travelling between the US and Europe.

Despite the lack of sulphur emissions, grey methanol generates CO2. With CO2 marine fuel shipping regulations tightening, ship owners have turned their sights to low-carbon methanol.

But US Gulf coast low-carbon methanol was priced at $2,317/t MGOe in the first half of May, nearly triple the outright price of MGO at $785/t. Factoring in the cost of 70pc of CO2 emissions and the GHG intensity penalty, the US Gulf coast MGO would rise to about $857/t. At this MGO level, the US Gulf coast low-carbon methanol would be 2.7 times the price of MGO. By comparison, grey methanol with added CO2 emissions cost would be around $962/t, or 1.1 times the price of MGO.

To mitigate the high low-carbon methanol costs, some ship owners have been eyeing long-term agreements with suppliers to lock in product availabilities and cheaper prices available on the spot market.

Danish container ship owner Maersk has led the way, entering in low-carbon methanol production agreements in the US with Proman, Orsted, Carbon Sink, and SunGas Renewables. These are slated to come on line in 2025-27. Global upcoming low-carbon methanol projects are expected to produce 16mn t by 2027, according to industry trade association the Methanol Institute, up from two years ago when the institute was tracking projects with total capacity of 8mn t by 2027.

By Stefka Wechsler

 

Photo credit and source: Argus Media
Published: 21 May 2024

Continue Reading

Bunker Fuel

Bunker Holding, 123Carbon and BV launch carbon insetting solution

Bunker Holding has concluded its first blockchain-powered carbon insetting operation in a new partnership with 123Carbon and Bureau Veritas.

Admin

Published

on

By

Bunker Holding:Bunker tanker vessel supplying marine fuel to a cargo ship at anchorage

Marine fuel supplier Bunker Holding on Thursday (16 May) said it has concluded its first blockchain-powered carbon insetting operation in a new partnership with carbon insetting experts 123Carbon and Bureau Veritas.

This insetting partnership allows for the additional cost delivery of lower carbon, alternative marine fuels – such as sustainable biofuel – to be shared by carriers, freight forwarders, and cargo owners within the same value chain; allocated based on a globally accepted book and claim methodology.

“We’re excited to work with 123Carbon and Bureau Veritas, as we believe in complete transparency of how insets are created and transferred. Insetting is not new, but one concern within the maritime sector is under what circumstances alternative fuels are supplied, and who owns the emissions reductions,” said Tobias Troye, Head of Carbon Solutions at Bunker Holding.

By combining its alternative fuel supply expertise, its global access to low-carbon fuels and extensive carrier network with 123Carbon’s secure platform, Bunker Holding said it can offer carriers, freight forwarders, and cargo owners complete transparency and assurance regarding how their insets reduce maritime emissions.

“We are delighted that Bunker Holding not only uses our advanced platform for the issuance of the certificates, but has also chosen a fully branded solution to deliver the certificates in a secure environment to its customers,” said Jeroen van Heiningen, Managing Director of 123Carbon.

Working with 123Carbon’s blockchain-based insetting platform, and Bureau Veritas as third-party assurance partner to verify the fuel intervention and all related documentation, ensures that all insets are issued according to Smart Freight Centre’s Book & Claim methodology and 123Carbon’s assurance protocol.

To facilitate the intervention, Bunker Holding connected three different parties: the cargo owner, who wishes to reduce their scope 3 emissions and is willing to pay the “green premium”, the ship operator, to decarbonise its vessels through the use of biofuels, and the biofuel supplier, to deliver safe, high-quality low-carbon fuels. Due to the commitment from the cargo owner to purchase scope 3 insets, Bunker Holding was able to offer the biofuel at a more competitive cost to the ship operator, enabling the carrier to use biofuels instead of conventional fossil fuels.

“As a group, we are operationalising our decarbonisation strategy, and one key component has been to develop our alternative marine fuel supply capabilities, among others by securing fully certified biofuel availability in more than 100 ports around the world. The relative higher cost of alternative fuels may still prevent carriers to bunker it. However, carbon insetting helps bridge that gap, as it enables cost sharing and also sends an important demand signal to alternative fuel producers to scale up production,” said Valerie Ahrens, Senior Director of New Fuels and Carbon Markets at Bunker Holding.

 

Photo credit: Bunker Holding
Published: 21 May 2024

Continue Reading
Advertisement
  • Consort advertisement v2
  • Aderco advert 400x330 1
  • EMF banner 400x330 slogan
  • RE 05 Lighthouse GIF
  • v4Helmsman Gif Banner 01
  • SBF2

OUR INDUSTRY PARTNERS

  • Singfar advertisement final
  • Triton Bunkering advertisement v2
  • HL 2022 adv v1
  • 102Meth Logo GIF copy


  • Auramarine 01
  • pro liquid
  • endress
  • Innospec logo v6
  • Uni Fuels logo advertisement white background
  • Cathay Marine Fuel Oil Trading logo
  • MFA logo v2
  • E Marine logo
  • 300 300
  • Kenoil
  • Advert Shipping Manifold resized1
  • Headway Manifold
  • 400x330 v2 copy
  • VPS 2021 advertisement

Trending