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ENGINE: Europe & Africa Bunker Fuel Availability Outlook (15 May 2024)

Bunker supply is normal in the ARA hub; bunkering partially suspended in Las Palmas; LSMGO very tight in Maputo.




RESIZED ENGINE Europe and Africa

The following article regarding Europe and Africa bunker fuel availability has been provided by online marine fuel procurement platform ENGINE for post on Singapore bunkering publication Manifold Times:

  • Bunker supply is normal in the ARA hub
  • Bunkering partially suspended in Las Palmas
  • LSMGO very tight in Maputo

Northwest Europe

Bunker fuel availability is good in Rotterdam and in the wider ARA hub. Lead times for VLSFO in Rotterdam have come down from 4-5 days noted last week to 3-5 days now, a trader said. Similar lead times of 3-5 days are recommended for HSFO and LSMGO in the ARA hub.

The ARA hub has imported 362,000 b/d of fuel oil so far this month, up from 252,000 b/d of fuel oil imported in April, according to cargo tracker Vortexa.

Lithuania and Algeria have emerged as the ARA’s biggest fuel oil import sources so far this month, each accounting for 18% of the region’s total imports. Denmark holds the second spot, accounting for 17% of the region’s total imports, followed by France (13%) and Estonia (9%).

The region has imported 538,000 b/d of gasoil so far this month, up from 358,000 b/d in April.

Bunker fuel availability is normal in the German port of Hamburg. Suppliers are able to offer prompt supply for all grades in the port. Lead times of 3-5 days are advised to ensure full coverage from suppliers, a trader said.

Very prompt availability is tight across all bunker fuel grades off Skaw, with some suppliers able to offer stems only for non-prompt dates. A trader advises lead times of 7-10 days for all bunker fuel grades in the port. 


Bunkering was proceeding smoothly in Gibraltar on Wednesday, with minimal congestion reported, a trader told ENGINE. The trader advised lead times of 2-4 days across all grades, down from 4-6 days seen last week.

Bunkering has been suspended in Las Palmas' outer anchorage since Monday because of rough weather conditions. Operations are unlikely to resume at the outer anchorage until Friday afternoon due to a forecast of rough weather conditions, a trader said.

Most suppliers continue to deliver stems at Las Palmas' more sheltered inner anchorage or alongside, the trader added. Availability is normal across all grades, but adverse weather conditions have increased lead times for all grades from 3-5 days advised last week to 4-6 days now.

Bunker demand has been steady in other Mediterranean ports like Piraeus, Malta Offshore and Istanbul, according to a trader.

Availability is normal in the Greek port of Piraeus. Lead times of 3-4 days are advised across all grades in the port. Calm weather has made it conducive to bunkering in the port, a source said.

Bunker fuel availability is also good off Malta. A trader recommends lead times of 3-4 days for all grades in the port. Bad weather is forecast to hit in periods until Saturday and may complicate bunker deliveries in the region, a source said. 

In Turkey’s Istanbul port, securing grades for very prompt dates can be difficult. Lead times of 3-4 days are recommended for all grades. Adverse weather conditions on Wednesday and Thursday could impact bunkering there.

Yacht races are scheduled to take place in the Bosphorus Strait on Sunday on the occasion of Atatürk, Youth and Sports Day, according to GAC Hot Port News. During this period, ship traffic will be temporarily suspended for a few hours.


Suppliers can offer VLSFO for non-prompt delivery dates in the South African ports of Durban and Richards Bay. A trader advises lead times of 7-10 days for the bunker fuel grade in both ports.

Durban also has normal availability of LSMGO. Lead times of 7-10 days are recommended. Wind gusts of up to 24 knots are forecast on Friday, which could impact bunkering in Durban.

Mozambique’s port of Nacala has good availability of HSFO and LSMGO. Demand has been steady for both grades, a source said. VLSFO availability is extremely tight in the port amid high demand for the grade.

In contrast, VLSFO availability has been good in Maputo port in Mozambique. The grade's demand has been steady there. Meanwhile, LSMGO demand has been relatively high in Maputo, which has contributed to tighten supply in the port.

By Manjula Nair


Photo credit and source: ENGINE
Published: 16 May 2024

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UECC reduces emissions in 2023 by more than doubling bio bunker fuel use

UECC boosted the use of ISCC-certified sustainable biofuel B100 on both owned and time-chartered ships to 14,000 mt last year, up from 6,500 mt in 2022.






United European Car Carriers (UECC) recently announced its progress of using alternative bunker fuels and said it was on track to exceed its goal of a 45% emissions reduction by 2030 after more than doubling biofuel usage across its fleet last year.

UECC boosted the use of ISCC-certified sustainable biofuel B100 on both owned and time-chartered ships to 14,000 metric tonnes (mt) last year, up from 6,500 mt in 2022.

The company achieved a total tank-to-wake emissions reduction of over 60,000 tonnes across its 14-vessel fleet in 2023, of which it is estimated increased biofuel use accounted for 40,000 tonnes, with the remainder coming from LNG. This was a near-250% increase on the emissions cut of 24,200 tonnes achieved in 2022.

TheEuropean sustainable shortsea carrier said it has made significant strides in decarbonisation of its fleet of pure car and truck carriers (PCTCs) with the addition of five LNG-fuelled newbuilds and the increased rollout of biofuels in recent years - and this is now showing commercial payback for clients in the light of new green regulations, according to Energy and Sustainability Manager Daniel Gent.

“Consequently, we are well on the way to reach or exceed our 45% emissions reduction target by 2030. This clearly has a positive impact for those bio-supportive cargo owners in terms of reducing costs related to the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS),” Gent said.

“Furthermore, 85% of the vessels in our fleet achieved a C-rating last year with the IMO’s Carbon Intensity Indicator (CII) and this year we expect all our ships to achieve this rating or above.”

Gent also pointed out the UECC fleet is already in surplus in relation to the requirement for an average 14.5% reduction in GHG intensity by 2035 under the FuelEU Maritime regulation due to be implemented next year.

The environmental performance of UECC’s current fleet of nine owned and five time-chartered PCTCs has been enhanced through delivery over the past seven years of five eco-friendly newbuilds - a pair of dual-fuelled LNG vessels and trio of multi-fuel LNG battery hybrid units.

The use of LNG reduces emissions of CO2 by around 25%, SOx and particulate matter by 90% and NOx by 85%, while the latest battery hybrid newbuilds exceed the IMO target to reduce carbon intensity by at least 40% from 2008 levels by 2030.

UECC is now looking at sourcing alternative carbon-neutral fuels such as bio-LNG and e-LNG for these vessels to further improve their green performance, according to Gent.

UECC’s adoption of alternative fuels has expanded exponentially since the programme was launched in 2020 with piloting the use of biofuel on its vessel Autosky, bolstered by valuable support from owners of its time-chartered vessels, clients such as BMW, fuel suppliers like GoodFuels, industry partners, and parent companies NYK and Wallenius Lines.

“We are now in the fifth year of running our biofuels programme and it has gone from strength to strength. UECC has sought to take a leading role through early-stage analysis of new biofuels to evaluate their potential in terms of technical suitability, sustainability and commercial viability, both  to deliver the best solution for our customers and give the sector a blueprint for assessment and adoption of such fuels based on these three pillars,” Gent explained.

He added that, in terms of sustainability criteria, the company looks for biofuels with the biggest environmental impact, with a typical minimum 90% reduction in GHG intensity from well-to-wake compared with conventional marine fuels. 

UECC has steadily expanded the use of green fuels to cover 30% of its fleet in 2023, up from 18% in 2022, and is on track to achieve 50% coverage this year towards the goal of 80% by 2030, though Gent is confident of surpassing this figure.

He said being proactive in trialling new alternative fuels has also promoted engagement with fuel providers, which has led to UECC’s latest initiative together with biofuel supplier ACT Group as part of an industry collaboration to test the Cashew Nut Shell Liquid (CNSL)-based biofuel FS.100 that he believes has “great potential for sustainable shipping”.

“Increasing the pool of sustainable drop-in fuels offers a pathway for shipping to achieve rapid emissions cuts on existing vessels. Combining alternative fuels with energy efficiency measures such as hull cleaning and electrification with shore power can further accelerate decarbonisation,” Gent said.

“By progressively advancing the use of alternative fuels, we are reducing emissions exposure for our clients and securing regulatory compliance long into the future, while also promoting industry efforts to reach the net-zero goal,” he concluded.


Photo credit: United European Car Carriers
Published: 21 June, 2024

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LNG Bunkering

CMA CGM takes delivery of fourth LNG-fuelled containership

Naming ceremony and delivery of vessel, organised at HD Hyundai Mipo in Ulsan, South Korea, marked entry of the fourth vessel in a series of ten specially designed for Northern Europe feeder services.





CMA CGM takes delivery of fourth LNG-fuelled containership

French shipping giant on Wednesday (19 June) said it celebrated the naming ceremony and delivery of its fourth LNG-fuelled container ship, CMA CGM Tivoli.

Organised at HD Hyundai Mipo in Ulsan, South Korea, on 16 June, the event marked the official entry of the fourth vessel in a series of ten specially designed for Northern Europe feeder services.

“Featuring optimised features for 45-foot containers, increased capacity for refrigerated containers, and innovative forward accommodation to enhance cargo loading and aerodynamics, CMA CGM Tivoli distinguishes itself with a high ‘length to beam" ratio to maximise hydrodynamic efficiency,” the firm said in a social media post. 

“She departed the shipyard on June 15th, 2024, bound for Busan. We wish fair winds and smooth seas to Captain Artur Dumbrov and his crew.” 


Photo credit: CMA CGM
Published: 21 June, 2024

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Bunker Fuel

Baltic Exchange: Bunker Report (20 June 2024)

Bunker report panellists include Island Oil Limited, Cockett Marine Oil Pte, Monjasa A/S and KPI OceanConnect.





Baltic Exchange: Bunker Report (20 June 2024)

The following bunker report has been provided by freight market information provider Baltic Exchange for post on Singapore bunkering publication Manifold Times:


All values are in US$/metric ton, all-in (invoice price), delivered on board
Delivery in 7-10 days
ISO 8217:2010
IFO 380 3.5% Sulphur
IFO 380 0.5% Sulphur
DMA 0.1% Sulphur

Rotterdam – Waalhaven – Maasvlakte range
Houston – Houston Harbor
Singapore – Anchorage, under SBA Scheme
Fujairah – Offshore Anchorage Area

Submitted weekly at Close of Business UK time, on Tuesday & Thursdays

Island Oil Limited, Cockett Marine Oil Pte, Monjasa A/S, KPI OceanConnect


Photo credit and source: Baltic Exchange
Published: 21 June, 2024

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