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ENGINE: East of Suez Bunker Fuel Availability Outlook (28 May 2024)

HSFO supply is tight in Zhoushan; LSMGO and VLSFO availability is good across several Chinese ports; several South Korean ports could face weather disruptions.





The following article regarding regional bunker fuel availability outlook for the East of Suez region has been provided by online marine fuels procurement platform ENGINE for publication on Singapore bunkering publication Manifold Times:

  • HSFO supply is tight in Zhoushan
  • LSMGO and VLSFO availability is good across several Chinese ports
  • Several South Korean ports could face weather disruptions

Singapore and Malaysia

Lead times for VLSFO in Singapore have experienced notable fluctuations recently. Most suppliers recommend lead times of up to nine days for this grade, while some can accommodate stems in as little as two days in port. This has improved from the week prior, when traders recommended longer lead times ranging between 5-10 days.

HSFO supply remains limited in the port, with recommended lead times unchanged at 9-12 days. Lead times for LSMGO vary widely, ranging between 2-8 days.

Singapore’s residual fuel oil stocks have averaged 7% lower so far in May compared to April, according to Enterprise Singapore. Despite a significant 25% increase in the port's net fuel imports this month, Singapore’s fuel oil stocks have fallen below 19 million bbls. Fuel oil imports have increased by 1 million bbls, surpassing the 106,000-bbl growth in exports this month. The port’s middle distillate stocks have also declined, averaging 3% lower for the month.

In Malaysia's Port Klang, VLSFO and LSMGO grades are readily available, with recommended lead times of 3-5 days. Some suppliers can provide even faster deliveries for smaller parcel sizes. However, HSFO availability remains constrained due to limited product availability.

In the Indonesian ports of Jakarta and Surabaya, the availability of VLSFO and LSMGO remains good. Additionally, the port of Balikpapan has an ample supply of VLSFO, with recommended lead times of around four days.

China, East Asia and Oceania

Prompt availability of VLSFO and LSMGO grades remains constrained in Zhoushan, with suppliers recommending lead times of 5-7 days, unchanged from last week. HSFO supply has tightened due to the suspension of operations at the Dading oil terminal after a recent oil spill incident. Most suppliers are advising lead times of over two weeks for HSFO there, according to a source.

In Northern China, the availability of VLSFO and LSMGO grades is said to be good in the Dalian port. Similarly, both grades are readily available in Qingdao and Tianjin, though HSFO supply is limited in these ports. In Shanghai, VLSFO and LSMGO availability remain normal, while HSFO supply has been scarce. In Fuzhou and Xiamen, VLSFO and LSMGO grades are readily available. In Guangzhou and Yangpu, prompt availability of both low-sulphur fuel grades remains limited.

In Taiwanese ports including Hualien, Kaohsiung, Taichung and Keelung, the availability of VLSFO and LSMGO remains good, with lead times remaining at 2-3 days.

In Hong Kong, all grades are readily available, with recommended lead times of 3-5 days, while certain suppliers can provide faster deliveries for smaller parcel sizes.

Strong wind gusts of 21-27 knots and swells of close to two metres are forecast to hit the port between Tuesday and Wednesday, which might impact bunker deliveries in Hong Kong.

In South Korean ports, bunker demand has seen an improvement compared to last week, according to a source. Lead times for VLSFO and LSMGO range between 3-10 days, contrasting with the shorter lead times of around four days observed last week. HSFO availability has become tighter, with most suppliers recommending lead times of 8-10 days – a significant increase from around four days last week.

Bunker operations in several South Korean ports, including Ulsan, Onsan, Busan, Daesan, Taean, and Yeosu, may experience intermittent bunkering disruptions throughout the week due to anticipated adverse weather conditions.

High bunker prices in Japanese ports continue to dent bunker demand in the country. Tokyo's VLSFO was priced about $27-28/mt higher than VLSFO prices in Zhoushan and Singapore on Tuesday. Lead times varied widely across major Japanese ports, with approximately seven days in Tokyo, Chiba, Osaka, Kobe Nagoya, and Yokkaichi, and longer periods ranging from 11-15 days in Mizushima and Oita.

In Western Australia, suppliers in Kwinana and Fremantle ports can offer VLSFO and LSMGO, typically with lead times ranging from 7-8 days. In New South Wales, LSMGO is readily available in Sydney, while HSFO supply is mostly available upon enquiry. In Victoria, Melbourne offers good availability of VLSFO and LSMGO, with ample VLSFO supply also found in Geelong. However, prompt HSFO supply can be limited in both Victorian ports.

In Queensland, Brisbane and Gladstone ports maintain sufficient stocks of VLSFO and LSMGO, with lead times of 7-8 days. HSFO availability remains constrained in Brisbane.

In New Zealand, VLSFO supply in Tauranga and Auckland is ample, and LSMGO supply remains satisfactory in Auckland. Anticipated adverse weather conditions in Tauranga from Tuesday to Friday may impact bunker operations.

Likewise, rough weather is predicted in the Thai ports of Koh Sichang and Leam Chabang on Saturday, potentially posing challenges for bunker deliveries in these ports.

South Asia

In several Indian ports, including Mumbai, Kandla, Tuticorin, Chennai, Cochin, Visakhapatnam, and Haldia, availability of VLSFO and LSMGO has been limited due to supply shortages. One supplier in Paradip is nearly depleted of VLSFO and LSMGO stocks.

Vessel movements and cargo operations at Haldia resumed on Tuesday following the passing of cyclone Remal, which transitioned from a cyclonic storm on Monday to a deep depression by Tuesday, as reported by GAC Hot Port News.

Adverse weather conditions are expected intermittently throughout the week at Sikka, Kandla, and Cochin ports in India, potentially disrupting bunker operations.

The Sri Lankan port of Colombo offers abundant VLSFO and LSMGO supply, with lead times of around two days recommended there. Adverse weather conditions may impact bunker deliveries at the port between Tuesday and Friday.

Middle East

At the UAE port of Fujairah, bunker demand for all grades remains low. However, availability for immediate delivery is still limited, with most suppliers requiring lead times of 5-7 days.

Similarly, at the UAE port of Khor Fakkan, lead times of 5-7 days are common among suppliers.

In Saudi Arabia's Jeddah port, there is enough supply of VLSFO and LSMGO. In Djibouti, some suppliers are facing shortages of VLSFO, although LSMGO remains unaffected.

LSMGO is easily accessible in Omani ports, including Sohar, Salalah, Muscat, and Duqm.

By Tuhin Roy


Photo credit and source: ENGINE
Published: 29 May 2024

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UECC reduces emissions in 2023 by more than doubling bio bunker fuel use

UECC boosted the use of ISCC-certified sustainable biofuel B100 on both owned and time-chartered ships to 14,000 mt last year, up from 6,500 mt in 2022.






United European Car Carriers (UECC) recently announced its progress of using alternative bunker fuels and said it was on track to exceed its goal of a 45% emissions reduction by 2030 after more than doubling biofuel usage across its fleet last year.

UECC boosted the use of ISCC-certified sustainable biofuel B100 on both owned and time-chartered ships to 14,000 metric tonnes (mt) last year, up from 6,500 mt in 2022.

The company achieved a total tank-to-wake emissions reduction of over 60,000 tonnes across its 14-vessel fleet in 2023, of which it is estimated increased biofuel use accounted for 40,000 tonnes, with the remainder coming from LNG. This was a near-250% increase on the emissions cut of 24,200 tonnes achieved in 2022.

TheEuropean sustainable shortsea carrier said it has made significant strides in decarbonisation of its fleet of pure car and truck carriers (PCTCs) with the addition of five LNG-fuelled newbuilds and the increased rollout of biofuels in recent years - and this is now showing commercial payback for clients in the light of new green regulations, according to Energy and Sustainability Manager Daniel Gent.

“Consequently, we are well on the way to reach or exceed our 45% emissions reduction target by 2030. This clearly has a positive impact for those bio-supportive cargo owners in terms of reducing costs related to the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS),” Gent said.

“Furthermore, 85% of the vessels in our fleet achieved a C-rating last year with the IMO’s Carbon Intensity Indicator (CII) and this year we expect all our ships to achieve this rating or above.”

Gent also pointed out the UECC fleet is already in surplus in relation to the requirement for an average 14.5% reduction in GHG intensity by 2035 under the FuelEU Maritime regulation due to be implemented next year.

The environmental performance of UECC’s current fleet of nine owned and five time-chartered PCTCs has been enhanced through delivery over the past seven years of five eco-friendly newbuilds - a pair of dual-fuelled LNG vessels and trio of multi-fuel LNG battery hybrid units.

The use of LNG reduces emissions of CO2 by around 25%, SOx and particulate matter by 90% and NOx by 85%, while the latest battery hybrid newbuilds exceed the IMO target to reduce carbon intensity by at least 40% from 2008 levels by 2030.

UECC is now looking at sourcing alternative carbon-neutral fuels such as bio-LNG and e-LNG for these vessels to further improve their green performance, according to Gent.

UECC’s adoption of alternative fuels has expanded exponentially since the programme was launched in 2020 with piloting the use of biofuel on its vessel Autosky, bolstered by valuable support from owners of its time-chartered vessels, clients such as BMW, fuel suppliers like GoodFuels, industry partners, and parent companies NYK and Wallenius Lines.

“We are now in the fifth year of running our biofuels programme and it has gone from strength to strength. UECC has sought to take a leading role through early-stage analysis of new biofuels to evaluate their potential in terms of technical suitability, sustainability and commercial viability, both  to deliver the best solution for our customers and give the sector a blueprint for assessment and adoption of such fuels based on these three pillars,” Gent explained.

He added that, in terms of sustainability criteria, the company looks for biofuels with the biggest environmental impact, with a typical minimum 90% reduction in GHG intensity from well-to-wake compared with conventional marine fuels. 

UECC has steadily expanded the use of green fuels to cover 30% of its fleet in 2023, up from 18% in 2022, and is on track to achieve 50% coverage this year towards the goal of 80% by 2030, though Gent is confident of surpassing this figure.

He said being proactive in trialling new alternative fuels has also promoted engagement with fuel providers, which has led to UECC’s latest initiative together with biofuel supplier ACT Group as part of an industry collaboration to test the Cashew Nut Shell Liquid (CNSL)-based biofuel FS.100 that he believes has “great potential for sustainable shipping”.

“Increasing the pool of sustainable drop-in fuels offers a pathway for shipping to achieve rapid emissions cuts on existing vessels. Combining alternative fuels with energy efficiency measures such as hull cleaning and electrification with shore power can further accelerate decarbonisation,” Gent said.

“By progressively advancing the use of alternative fuels, we are reducing emissions exposure for our clients and securing regulatory compliance long into the future, while also promoting industry efforts to reach the net-zero goal,” he concluded.


Photo credit: United European Car Carriers
Published: 21 June, 2024

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LNG Bunkering

CMA CGM takes delivery of fourth LNG-fuelled containership

Naming ceremony and delivery of vessel, organised at HD Hyundai Mipo in Ulsan, South Korea, marked entry of the fourth vessel in a series of ten specially designed for Northern Europe feeder services.





CMA CGM takes delivery of fourth LNG-fuelled containership

French shipping giant on Wednesday (19 June) said it celebrated the naming ceremony and delivery of its fourth LNG-fuelled container ship, CMA CGM Tivoli.

Organised at HD Hyundai Mipo in Ulsan, South Korea, on 16 June, the event marked the official entry of the fourth vessel in a series of ten specially designed for Northern Europe feeder services.

“Featuring optimised features for 45-foot containers, increased capacity for refrigerated containers, and innovative forward accommodation to enhance cargo loading and aerodynamics, CMA CGM Tivoli distinguishes itself with a high ‘length to beam" ratio to maximise hydrodynamic efficiency,” the firm said in a social media post. 

“She departed the shipyard on June 15th, 2024, bound for Busan. We wish fair winds and smooth seas to Captain Artur Dumbrov and his crew.” 


Photo credit: CMA CGM
Published: 21 June, 2024

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Bunker Fuel

Baltic Exchange: Bunker Report (20 June 2024)

Bunker report panellists include Island Oil Limited, Cockett Marine Oil Pte, Monjasa A/S and KPI OceanConnect.





Baltic Exchange: Bunker Report (20 June 2024)

The following bunker report has been provided by freight market information provider Baltic Exchange for post on Singapore bunkering publication Manifold Times:


All values are in US$/metric ton, all-in (invoice price), delivered on board
Delivery in 7-10 days
ISO 8217:2010
IFO 380 3.5% Sulphur
IFO 380 0.5% Sulphur
DMA 0.1% Sulphur

Rotterdam – Waalhaven – Maasvlakte range
Houston – Houston Harbor
Singapore – Anchorage, under SBA Scheme
Fujairah – Offshore Anchorage Area

Submitted weekly at Close of Business UK time, on Tuesday & Thursdays

Island Oil Limited, Cockett Marine Oil Pte, Monjasa A/S, KPI OceanConnect


Photo credit and source: Baltic Exchange
Published: 21 June, 2024

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