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DNV white paper outlines suggestions to achieve sustainable maritime ecosystem in India

Commissioned report highlights creating markets for green technology and establishing infrastructure for green shipping and training workforce to adapt to greener technologies, amongst others.

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Classification society DNV on Thursday (2 February) said it has released a white paper which studies India's potential to deliver a sustainable future for its maritime industry. 

Commissioned by the Royal Norwegian Consulate General in Mumbai, the 'Indian Coastal Green Shipping Programme' white paper offers recommendations based on the experience from Norway to build a greener shipping sector, while providing an effective framework for collaboration.

The paper comes amid closer cooperation between India and Norway, which are historic maritime trading partners, to enable a future green shipping sector and achieve common goals through bilateral dialogue. 

The white paper outlines 13 key recommendations based on DNV’s analysis of India's maritime sector and how it can build upon the experiences from the Norwegian Green Shipping Programme, a centrepiece of the country's shift to a greener industry. Some recommendations include: 

  • creating markets for green technology and establishing infrastructure for green shipping,
  • establishing maritime clusters and increasing cooperation between industry stakeholders throughout the value chain, and
  • training the workforce to adapt to greener technologies. 
  • It concludes India's shipping industry path is best driven through partnerships and will help fast-track the industry's uptake of greener, innovative solutions.

"We hope the white paper on the Indian Coastal Green Shipping Programme will be beneficial in building a green maritime and shipping industry in India and providing a useful framework for continued collaboration between Norway and India," said Arne Jan Flølo, Consul General, Royal Norwegian Consulate General Mumbai. "A green shift in the shipping industry is crucial to reach our climate goals and a prerequisite for a sustainable ocean economy," he added.

Dr. Shahrin Osman, Head of Maritime Advisory, South East Asia, Pacific & India at DNV, said: "As India rises to become one of the three largest economies in the world in 2050, the maritime sector is in an excellent position to achieve green growth. This white paper sets the pathway for the entire maritime ecosystem in India and learning from the success of Norway's Green Shipping Programme."

Cristina Saenz de Santa Maria, Regional Manager, South East Asia, Pacific & India, Maritime at DNV, commented: "This paper identifies opportunities and finds cutting-edge solutions to help strengthen the country's institutional, economic, and human resource capabilities to achieve its carbon reduction goals. It will be a crucial development as Asia plays an important role in decarbonizing international shipping by 2050."

The report seeks to complement the enormous efforts now being undertaken by India and Norway to enable the Asian powerhouse to transition its maritime sector to a more sustainable one. A recent example is the Kochi Water Metro project, India’s first battery-powered electric ferry fleet consisting of 23 vessels, built to DNV class at Cochin Shipyard.

Note: The full 'Indian Coastal Green Shipping Programme' white paper can be downloaded here.

 

Photo credit: DNV
Published: 6 February, 2023

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Alternative Fuels

First SIMOPS methanol bunkering operation completed in Singapore

X-Press Feeder container vessel was successfully refuelled with close to 300 mt of bio-methanol by bunker supplier GET; use of MFM system and digital bunkering was also trialled during SIMOPS.

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First SIMOPS methanol bunkering operation completed in Singapore

X-Press Feeders, Global Energy Trading Pte Ltd (GET), and PSA Singapore (PSA) have successfully completed the first simultaneous methanol bunkering and cargo operation (SIMOPS) in Singapore on Monday (27 May), according to the Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore. 

A X-Press Feeder container vessel on its maiden voyage from Asia to Europe was successfully refuelled with close to 300 metric tonnes (mt) of bio-methanol by GET, a MPA licensed bunker supplier, using MT KARA, a dedicated IMO type II chemical bunker tanker classified by Bureau Veritas and operated by Stellar Shipmanagement Services. 

The use of the mass flow metering (MFM) system for methanol, together with the use of digital bunkering, was also trialled during the SIMOPS. This follows the inaugural ship-to-containership methanol bunkering for the Laura Maersk in July 2023, and the successful ship-to-ship methanol bunkering of close to 1,340 metric tonnes of blended methanol for the Stena Prosperous on 24 May.

With these operations, the Port of Singapore is ready for commercial scale operations for shore-to-ship, ship-to-ship, and SIMOPS for methanol, and the same methodology is being followed for other new maritime fuels such as ammonia and hydrogen.

First SIMOPS methanol bunkering operation completed in Singapore

The SIMOPS was conducted at the new Tuas Port with the support of MPA, together with various government agencies and local research institutions. 

The methanol bunker fuel was supplied simultaneously while the container vessel was completing container moves. SIMOPS is the preferred mode of operation for container vessels to enhance operational efficiency. The cargo operation was carried out with the use of PSA’s double trolley quay cranes and automated guided vehicles at Tuas Port. The SIMOPS was completed in four hours. 

The ISCC-certified bio-methanol used for the SIMOPS was produced by OCI Global, a world-leading green methanol producer, and supplied via GET, a ISCC-certified supplier. The fuel was lifted at Vopak Penjuru Terminal, Singapore, which is a ISCC-certified storage facility for biofuels and methanol.

A Hazard Identification (HAZID) and Hazard and Operability Study (HAZOP) workshop was organised by MPA in the lead up to the SIMOPS. Adapting the experience from previous operations, participants from various government agencies, industry, and local research institutions, discussed potential risks and developed the corresponding prevention, control, and mitigation methods to address them. The bunkering plan was also discussed, and the various roles and responsibilities were clarified to ensure a coordinated cross-agency response in an event of an incident. To ensure all participants were familiar with the required procedures and safety measures, a tabletop exercise was also carried out with the relevant stakeholders after the workshop.

To ensure the safe conduct of the SIMOPS, MPA had worked closely with the bunkering stakeholders to ensure that crew members are competent and trained in handling methanol as a marine fuel and associated emergency responses. 

As part of the preparations for the methanol bunkering operations on 24 May and 27 May, the crew from Kara had also attended the MPA-approved training course for the handling of methanol as a fuel that was conducted by the Singapore Maritime Academy (SMA), which is part of the Marine Energy Training Facility (METF) announced at Singapore Maritime Week 2024. For new fuels such as methanol, ammonia and hydrogen, all crew are expected to undergo the new training.

Feedback from these initial batches will inform the course development by tripartite partners and our research community.

The Emergency Operations Centre set up at MPA’s Port Operations Control Centre monitored the operations, supported by a drone equipped with volatile organic compound detector and infrared camera to detect methanol leaks into the atmosphere and methanol flames in the event of an incident. MPA also worked with the Meteorological Service of Singapore to provide advance warning on lightning risk. Representatives from X-Press Feeders, GET, PSA, local research institutions, and other government agencies were also at the EOC as part of the emergency response team.

The methanol plume model, which was employed during the first methanol bunkering operation conducted in Singapore in July 2023, was enhanced to support the operation planning and incident response plan. The updated model incorporated specific SIMOPs parameters, including vessels’ structure, port configuration and infrastructure, and proximity of simultaneous activities being conducted during the SIMOPS. At steady state, the digital models will be used to support commercial scale operations in the Port of Singapore.

Following the completion of the world’s first ship-to-containership methanol bunkering in Singapore last year, MPA launched an expression of interest (EOI) for the supply of methanol as a marine fuel in Singapore. A total of 50 submissions from over 60 regional and international companies comprising energy companies, fuel suppliers, traders, bunker operators, and storage companies were received. The strong industry interest signals clear business confidence in Singapore as a key offtake location for methanol and provides strong indications that the industry is preparing for methanol bunker demand to scale up in the coming years. MPA will call for applications for a license to supply methanol blends as a marine fuel in Singapore before the end of the year.

First SIMOPS methanol bunkering operation completed in Singapore

MPA is currently developing the Technical Reference for methanol bunkering, which will include the framework to govern the use of MFM and digital bunkering for methanol. MPA will also study further enhancements for the IMO Type II chemical bunker tanker as part of its ongoing work to develop the methanol bunkering licensing framework and Port Limit Bunker Tanker requirements for methanol bunkering. Insights from the EOI submissions will also inform the development of the methanol bunkering regulatory framework to ensure the safe and efficient supply of methanol blends as a marine fuel in Singapore at a commercial scale.

MPA has implemented digital bunkering since 1 November 2023, making Singapore the first port in the world to commence end-to-end digital bunkering operations. As part of on-going enhancements to allow MPA-approved digital bunkering solutions to be compatible for use with the bunkering of new fuels, the digital bunkering trial conducted as part of the SIMOPs has demonstrated the ability to transmit the essential methanol bunkering information electronically to various stakeholders and MPA, enabling near real-time visibility of the bunker delivery process. The potential to fully digitalise the bunker delivery process, including the bunkering of new fuels, will lead to significant time and cost savings for the entire maritime community, and will be part of the licensing requirements.

MPA, together with 22 partners, including leading global marine engine manufacturers, will establish the METF which will collectively train over 10,000 seafarers and shore-based staff by the 2030s. The METF will be based on a decentralised network of training facilities based in Singapore. It will tap on partners’ assets and technologies to train the workforce on the safe handling, emergency response, and incident management involving future marine fuels such as methanol, ammonia and hydrogen.

Mr Teo Eng Dih, Chief Executive, MPA, said: “The successful execution of the SIMOPS is the outcome of many months of preparation for tripartite stakeholders to plan, prepare, and train to ensure the safety of the crew, port and vessel, while maintaining a high level of efficiency.”

“The learnings gained from these operations will help to further refine the various SOPs and safety measures.”

“We thank all our SIMOPS partners in helping to achieve this and we look forward to working with other like-minded partners, including on the use of digital bunkering and mass flow meter solutions, to operationalise the delivery of the new  marine fuels in Singapore.”

Mr Francis Goh, Chief Operating Officer at X-Press Feeders, said: "Today marks a historic milestone for both Singapore and the global maritime industry. Our vessel was not just the first to berth alongside here in Singapore and refuelled with green methanol, which reduces carbon emissions by 65% as compared to conventional marine fuel, but we were also the first in Singapore to achieve this while simultaneously loading and discharging cargo.”

“These achievements demonstrate Singapore's position at the forefront of the global maritime industry's transition to renewable fuels. By working together collaboratively, we can achieve even greater progress.”

Related: Singapore bunkering sector enters milestone with first methanol marine refuelling op
Related: Singapore reaches new milestone with methanol bunkering op of “Stena Prosperous”
Related: SMW 2024: MPA to set up facility for maritime workforce to train in handling new bunker fuels
Related: SMW 2024: MPA receives 50 submissions for EOI to supply methanol bunker fuel in Singapore

 

Photo credit: Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore
Published: 27 May 2024

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Methanol

Singapore reaches new milestone with methanol bunkering op of “Stena Prosperous”

Blended methanol, comprising 20% ISCC-certified bio-methanol combined with conventional methanol, was supplied by MPA-licensed bunker supplier Global Energy Trading using bunker tanker “MT KARA”.

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Singapore reaches new milestone with methanol bunkering op of “Stena Prosperous”

The Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore (MPA) on Friday (24 May) said Singapore is one step closer to developing its full capability to deliver methanol bunkering at a commercial scale. 

Close to 1,340 metric tonnes (MT) of blended methanol was bunkered ship-to-ship on 24 May and there will be another operation for simultaneous methanol bunkering and cargo operations for a container vessel this week. These operations will also test the use of mass flow meters (MFM) and digital bunkering.  

The blended methanol, comprising 20% ISCC-certified  bio-methanol combined with conventional methanol, was supplied by Global Energy Trading Pte Ltd, a MPA-licensed bunker supplier, using MT KARA, a dedicated IMO type II chemical bunker tanker operated by Stellar Shipmanagement Services. 

The fuel was received by the newly christened 49,900 DWT IMO II MeMAX tanker, Stena Prosperous, commercially managed by Proman, a leading methanol producer. This operation, which was completed in 7 hours, follows from the world's first ship-to-containership methanol bunkering conducted earlier in Singapore in July 2023 for the Laura Maersk during which 300 MT of bio-methanol was bunkered.

The blended methanol was supplied by Proman’s marketing arm, Valenz, and lifted at Vopak Penjuru Terminal, Singapore.

The blended methanol is reported by Proman to deliver CO2e saving of 31% on a tank-to-wake  basis compared to the same voyage operated on Very Low Sulphur Fuel Oil (VLSFO). The use of blended methanol provides a pathway fuel for ships to meet GHG emissions limits required by Fuel EU Maritime for ships trading in the European Union and European Economic Area. 

The lifecycle emissions accounting framework is currently being discussed at the International Maritime Organization. The Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore (MPA) expects the relevant metrics for maritime fuels, including well-to-wake, tank-to-wake, to be measurable, reportable and verifiable, and that these should be made available and updated as more information from these operations are reviewed.

The MPA-licensed bunker tanker MT Kara meets the requirements under the IMO’s International Bulk Chemical Code for the construction and equipping of ships carrying dangerous chemicals in bulk and complies with the Standards for Port Limit Bunker Tankers. 

The vessel is equipped with twin screw propulsion and a bow thruster for better manoeuvrability. Kara is also fitted with an onboard mass flow metering system, a flow boom capable of transferring bunkering hoses between vessels, and a vapour recovery line. In addition, for the safe handling of chemical cargoes such as methanol, the vessel is fitted with nitrogen bottles supplying nitrogen gas for the purging and blow through of the bunker hoses. 

Nitrogen, given its inert and stable properties, was used to fill up the remaining vapour space once the cargo is loaded, a process known as nitrogen padding, to reduce flammability risk. Finally, the vessel is equipped with Quick Connect Quick Disconnect (QCDC) and Dry Breakaway Couplings (DBC) for both liquid and vapour hose systems, to minimise leakages and enable the quick and simple disconnection of hoses in an emergency. 

MPA will study further enhancements for such tankers as part of its ongoing work to develop the methanol bunkering licensing framework and Port Limit Bunker Tanker requirements for methanol bunkering. The Technical Reference  for methanol bunkering, currently being developed, will also include the framework to govern the use of MFM and digital bunkering for methanol bunkering, taking into consideration the data gathered during this and the following operation. 

In preparation for the bunkering operation, the risk assessment, bunkering plan and checklists were jointly prepared by all the parties involved to ensure a common understanding of the safety measures and emergency protocols. Clear roles and responsibilities were also established for each agency to ensure that the operations, and emergency response, were coordinated. 

The Emergency Operations Centre (EOC) set up at MPA’s Port Operations Control Centre monitored the operation, supported by a drone equipped with a volatile organic compound detector and an infrared camera to detect methanol leaks into the atmosphere and methanol flames in the event of an accidental leak. The methanol plume model, employed during the first methanol bunkering operation in July 2023, was updated to support the planning and incident response for this operation. 

As part of the training and safety preparations for the bunkering, the crew from Kara attended the MPA-approved training course for the handling of methanol as a fuel, conducted by the Singapore Maritime Academy (SMA). 

The training course, one of the first in the Asia Pacific, was launched in April 2024 and covers the operational and safety aspects of methanol bunkering operations. The course curriculum was developed by SMA according to the standards and requirements set by MPA, taking onboard the lessons learnt and best practices from the first methanol bunkering operation conducted in Singapore in July 2023. 

This is part of the operationalisation of the Maritime Energy Training Facility Initiative announced at the 2024 Singapore Maritime Week. 

Mr Teo Eng Dih, Chief Executive, MPA, said: “We continue to learn and enhance MaritimeSG’s ecosystem capabilities from each bunkering operation involving new maritime fuels, in terms of developing new supply chains, enhancing infrastructure support such as terminal facilities and bunker tankers, meeting seafarer training needs, setting standards for bunkering and testing our emergency response plans.

“We thank Proman, Global Energy Group and Stellar Shipmanagement for the successful ship-to-ship bunkering of close to 1,340 MT of blended methanol. Doing so safely and efficiently is an important step towards our support to the international maritime community and complements MPA’s earlier call for expression of interest for proposals to supply methanol as a marine bunker fuel at scale in Singapore.”

David Cassidy, Chief Executive of Proman, said: “The bunkering of this 20/80 green/conventional methanol blend on Stena Prosperous represents a further step forward for methanol as a marine fuel.”

“Its cleaner burning properties, and lower greenhouse gas emissions, delivers immediate cleaner air benefits and underlines the value of using methanol blends as part of a pathway fuel strategy to a lower emission future, while helping the shipping industry to meet decarbonisation goals.”

“We were delighted to undertake this bunkering operation in Singapore after the ship’s official naming ceremony and would like to thank all parties involved for the successful collaboration.”

Munee Chow, Group Business Manager of Global Energy Group, said: “To all participating partners and personnel: Congratulations for achieving this milestone.  Being a Singapore bunker supplier of more than 30 years, this marks a memorial moment for Global Energy on our efforts towards decarbonisation.”

Kelvin Kang, General Manager, Stellar Shipmanagement, said: “With the successful execution of this large-scale methanol loading and bunkering supply operation, we have gained a deeper understanding of its operational characteristics. This valuable insight will enable us to further enhance the efficiency and safety of methanol handling in future operations.”

Stena Prosperous was officially named on 23 May at a christening ceremony held at the Marina Bay Cruise Centre, Singapore. On departing Singapore, the vessel will take its cargo to the United States of America.

Related: Methanol-fuelled tanker “Stena Prosperous” formally named in Singapore
Related: Proman Stena Bulk takes delivery of fourth methanol-fuelled tanker “Stena Prosperous”

 

Photo credit: Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore
Published: 27 May 2024

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Bunker Fuel

Singapore: MPA notifies shipping community on resolutions adopted by MPEC 81

Bunker fuel-related resolutions include adoption of amendments to MARPOL Annex VI concerning definition of fuel oil and gas fuel, clarification on sampling point(s) and BDN for low-flashpoint fuels and gas fuels.

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RESIZED MPA stock photo, Singapore flag

The Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore (MPA) on Friday (24 May) issued Port Marine Circular No. 4 of 2024 informing the shipping community of resolutions, including those related to bunker fuel, adopted by MPEC 81:

RESOLUTIONS ADOPTED BY THE 81st SESSION OF THE MARINE ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION COMMITTEE (MEPC 81) OF THE INTERNATIONAL MARITIME ORGANISATION (IMO)

This circular informs the shipping community of the resolutions adopted by MEPC 811 and urges the shipping community to prepare for the implementation of these resolutions.

The mandatory resolutions adopted by MEPC 81 include the following:

Resolution MEPC.383(81) Amendments to Regulations A-1 and B-2 of the International Convention for the Control and Management of Ship’s Ballast Water and Sediments (IBWMC), 2004

This resolution adopts amendments to Regulations A-1 and B-2 of the IBWMC concerning the use of electronic record books. The amendments will enter into force on 01 October 2025 and will be given effect through amendments to the Prevention of Pollution of the Sea (Ballast Water Management) Regulations.

Resolution MEPC.384(81)Amendments to Protocol I of MARPOL (Reporting Procedures for the Loss of Containers)

This resolution adopts amendments to Protocol I of MARPOL concerning the reporting procedures for the loss of freight containers that includes cross referencing SOLAS V/31 and V/32 requirements on danger messages. The amendments will enter into force on 01 January 2026 and will be given effect through amendments to the Prevention of Pollution of the Sea (Reporting of Pollution Incidents) Regulations.

Resolution MEPC.385(81)Amendments to MARPOL Annex VI (LowFlashpoint Fuels and Other Fuel Oil Related Issues, Marine Diesel Engine Replacing Steam System, Accessibility of Data and Inclusion of Data on Transport Work and Enhanced Granularity in the IMO Ship Fuel Consumption Database (IMO DCS))

This resolution adopts amendments to MARPOL Annex VI concerning the definition of fuel oil and gas fuel, NOx requirements related to replacing a steam system with a marine diesel engine, clarification on sampling point(s) and bunker delivery notes for low-flashpoint fuels and gas fuels, and expansion of data required relevant to the IMO DCS. The amendments will enter into force on 01 August 2025 and will be given effect through amendments to the Prevention of Pollution of the Sea (Air) Regulations. 

MEPC 81 also adopted the following resolutions: 

Resolution MEPC.386(81)2024 Guidelines as required by Regulation 13.2.2 of MARPOL Annex VI in respect of Non-Identical Replacement Engines not required to meet the Tier III limit 

This resolution contains guidance on the criteria of when it is not possible for a replacement engine to meet the standards in regulation 13.5.1.1 (Tier III), with additional points for consideration in determining the Tier of engine required when replacing a steam system. This Guidelines supersede the 2013 Guidelines adopted by resolution MEPC.230(65). 

Resolution MEPC.387(81) Interim Guidance on the Application of the BWM Convention to Ships Operating in Challenging Water Quality (CWQ) Conditions

This resolution contains guidance to assist ships in planning for compliance with the BWM Convention and the D-2 discharge standard when a type-approved ballast water management system (BWMS) that has been properly installed, operated and maintained encounters operational limitations or has difficulty meeting the operational demand in CWQ conditions. 

Resolution MEPC.388(81)Amendments to the 2022 Guidelines for the Development of a Ship Energy Efficiency Management Plan (SEEMP) (Resolution MEPC.346(78)) 

This resolution adopts amendments to the 2022 Guidelines for the development of a Ship Energy Efficiency Management Plan (SEEMP) (resolution MEPC.346(78)) to support the required information to be reported to the IMO DCS after amendments to Appendix IX of MARPOL Annex VI have entered into force. 

Resolution MEPC.389(81)Amendments to the 2022 Guidelines for Administration Verification of Ship Fuel Oil Consumption Data and Operational Carbon Intensity (Resolution MEPC.348(78))

This resolution adopts amendments to the 2022 Guidelines for Administration Verification of Ship Fuel Oil Consumption Data and Operational Carbon Intensity to support the required information to be reported to the IMO DCS after amendments to Appendix IX of MARPOL Annex VI have entered into force.

Resolution MEPC.390(81)Amendments to the 2021 Guidelines on the Shaft/Engine Power Limitation System to comply with the EEXI Requirements and Use of a Power Reserve (Resolution MEPC.335(76), as amended by Resolution MEPC.375(80)) 

This resolution adopts amendments to the 2021 Guidelines on the Shaft/Engine Power Limitation System to comply with the EEXI Requirements and Use of a Power Reserve (resolution MEPC.335(76), as amended by resolution MEPC.375(80)), to support a uniform and consistent application, including the use of power reserve of the Shaft/Engine Power Limitation System. 

Resolution MEPC.391(81)2024 Guidelines on Life Cycle GHG Intensity of Marine Fuels (2024 LCA Guidelines)

This resolution contains guidance on the life cycle GHG intensity assessment for all fuels and other energy carriers (e.g. electricity) used on board a ship and aim at covering the whole fuel life cycle (with specific boundaries), from feedstock extraction/cultivation/ recovery, feedstock conversion to a fuel product, transportation as well as distribution/bunkering, and fuel utilization on board a ship, amongst other things. This resolution revokes the LCA Guidelines adopted by resolution MEPC.376(80).

In addition to the adoption of resolutions, the following Unified Interpretation (UI) was also approved by MEPC 81: 

  1. MEPC.1/Circ.795/Rev.9 – Unified interpretations to MARPOL Annex VI (Regulations 2.2.15 and 2.2.18). 

Any queries relating to this circular should be directed to MPA Shipping Division via email at [email protected].

 

Photo credit: Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore
Published: 27 May 2024

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