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LNG Bunkering

First LNG bunkering vessel in South East Asia ‘on order’

FueLNG orders 7,500m3 LNG bunkering vessel built to Keppel O&M’s MTD 7500U LNG design.




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FueLNG, a joint venture between Keppel Offshore & Marine Ltd (Keppel O&M) and Shell Eastern Petroleum (Pte) Ltd, has placed an order with Keppel O&M subsidiary Keppel Singmarine Pte Ltd to build the first liquefied natural gas (LNG) bunkering vessel in South East Asia.

The construction of the 7,500m3 LNG bunkering vessel is projected to be completed in 3Q 2020 and will enable FueLNG to be the first in Singapore to provide ship-to-ship LNG bunkering services.

FueLNG will receive a grant of up to $3 million as part of the Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore's (MPA) LNG Bunkering Pilot Programme (LBPP).

The LNG bunkering vessel will be built to the proprietary design, MTD 7500U LNG, developed by Keppel O&M's ship design and development arm, Marine Technology Development (MTD).

Capable of running on both LNG and marine diesel oil, the vessel's key features include high manoeuvrability which enables bunkering without tug assistance, as well as propulsion and power management systems that optimise fuel consumption.

“This vessel, which will be the first of its kind in South East Asia, will enable FueLNG to be the first in Singapore to provide ship-to-ship LNG bunkering services within the Singapore port,” said Chris Ong, Chairman, FueLNG and CEO, Keppel O&M.

“This demonstrates our commitment to global customers as the industry increasingly adopts cleaner fuel alternatives.

“Tapping on Keppel's shipbuilding expertise enables us to have a highly capable vessel that meets our requirements for safety and efficiency. Supported by Shell's experience, we aim to be a key driver in promoting LNG as marine fuel."

Lauran Wetemans, Director, FueLNG and General Manager, Shell Downstream LNG, added, “I am pleased LNG will be available mid 2020 in Singapore.”

“The decision to develop the LNG Bunker vessel demonstrates the confidence FueLNG has in LNG as a marine fuel.

“Singapore is a key maritime hub and both partners will contribute specific expertise in the venture with Shell using its global experience to make LNG a reality.

“We continue to work closely with the MPA, the port operators and industry stakeholders to ensure LNG bunkering will be available."

Related: Singapore will have two LNG bunkering vessels operating by 2020

Photo credit: Keppel Corporation
Published: 6 June, 2018


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LNG Bunkering

Mitsubishi Shipbuilding launches LNG-fuelled Ro-Ro vessel “Trans Harmony Green”

Ship’s main engine and main generator engine are high-performance dual-fuel engines each accommodating LNG or diesel fuel.





Mitsubishi Shipbuilding launches LNG-fuelled Ro-Ro vessel “Trans Harmony Green”

Mitsubishi Shipbuilding Co., Ltd., a Mitsubishi Heavy Industries (MHI) Group company based in Yokohama, Friday (7 June) held a christening and launch ceremony for the TRANS HARMONY GREEN, the first of two LNG-powered roll-on/roll-off (RO/RO) ships under construction for Toyofuji Shipping Co., Ltd. 

The ceremony took place at the Enoura Plant of MHI's Shimonoseki Shipyard & Machinery Works in Yamaguchi Prefecture. 

The ship's handover is scheduled for late January 2025 following completion of outfitting work and sea trials. The TRANS HARMONY GREEN will serve as a RO/RO vessel on shipping routes in Asia.

Trans Harmony Green vessel

The TRANS HARMONY GREEN is approximately 195 metres in overall length, approximately 30.6 metres in breadth, and has gross tonnage of approximately 49,500. It can simultaneously transport about 3,000 passenger cars. 

The ship's main engine and main generator engine are high-performance dual-fuel engines each accommodating LNG or diesel fuel. 

Together these engines enable a greater than 25% reduction in CO2 emissions compared to ships with the same hull and powered by fuel oil, cutting SOx (sulphur oxides) emissions to near zero, thereby helping to reduce the vessel's environmental footprint.


Photo credit: Mitsubishi Shipbuilding
Published: 10 June, 2024

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LNG Bunkering

Mitsubishi Shipbuilding to supply LNG fuel gas supply systems units to Imabari Shipbuilding

Mitsubishi Shipbuilding received an order from Imabari Shipbuilding for two additional units of its FGSS, a LNG fuel gas supply system for high-pressure dual-fuel marine engines.





Mitsubishi Shipbuilding to supply LNG fuel gas supply systems units to Imabari Shipbuilding

Mitsubishi Shipbuilding Co., Ltd., a Mitsubishi Heavy Industries (MHI) Group company based in Yokohama, on Wednesday (5 June) said it has received an order from Imabari Shipbuilding for two additional units of its Fuel Gas Supply System (FGSS), a liquefied natural gas (LNG) fuel gas supply system for high-pressure dual-fuel marine engines. 

The FGSS units for two LNG-fuelled bulk carriers to be built by Imabari Shipbuilding will be continuously delivered with LNG fuel tanks from summer 2025.

LNG fuel tank

LNG fuel tank

Mitsubishi Shipbuilding previously received orders for a total of 18 high-pressure FGSS units, including units for SWEET PEA LEADER and DAISY LEADER, both of which are LNG-fuelled car carriers built by Imabari Shipbuilding Group and have already entered into service respectively in October 2023 and in March 2024. 

The FGSS ordered by Imabari Shipbuilding features an optimised cargo space layout utilising a modular design for space-saving and maintenance access, shortened construction schedule at shipyards, and a proprietary control system that can be customised according to customer needs, contributing to both operability and safety. 

With this additional order, Mitsubishi Shipbuilding will supply a total 20 units (15 car carriers and 5 bulk carriers) to Imabari Shipbuilding Group.

“Mitsubishi Shipbuilding, as part of MHI Group's strategic initiatives for energy transition, will provide FGSS units to a broad range of customers involved in the construction of LNG-fuelled vessels, enhancing the added value and competitiveness of ships,” it said on its website. 


Photo credit: Mitsubishi Shipbuilding
Published: 7 June 2024

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LNG Bunkering

Study reveals achievable pathway to net-zero in Pilbara-to-Asia export trade through LNG bunker fuel

RINA completed a joint study with Pilbara Clean Fuels and Oceania Marine Energy revealing that Well-to-Wake emissions in Pilbara-to-Asia iron ore export trade route can be reduced by over 90% by 2050 through use of LNG.





RESIZED william william on Unsplash

Classification society RINA on Wednesday (5 June) announced it completed a joint study with Pilbara Clean Fuels Pty Ltd and Oceania Marine Energy that revealed that Well-to-Wake emissions in the Pilbara-to-Asia iron ore export trade route can be reduced by over 90% by 2050 through the use of LNG.

RINA added that Western Australia is the largest producer of iron ore in the world, with current production of over 850 million tonnes per annum, the majority of which is exported from the Pilbara region of Western Australia.

The following are the details of the study:

Key developments

- Pilbara Clean Fuels (PCF) is pursuing the development of an electrified LNG plant in Port Hedland, Western Australia aimed at producing low-carbon LNG marine bunker fuel. 

- Oceania Marine Energy (Oceania) is developing a marine fuel bunkering business using purpose-designed LNG re-fuelling vessels to be chartered from Kanfer Shipping, Norway. 

- RINA has developed an innovative concept for an LNG-fuelled 209,000 DWT Newcastlemax dry bulk carrier design incorporating pre-combustion carbon removal and hydrogen production to meet IMO 2050 Carbon Intensity Index (CII) requirements over the ship’s operating life.      

In November 2023 PCF, Oceania and RINA signed an MoU to collaborate on studies to define the commercial and emissions reduction benefits their combined concepts could deliver to ship owners and charterers for the Pilbara to Asia dry-bulk minerals export trade route. The Joint Study has now been completed. 

Study Findings

The findings demonstrate an accessible and achievable pathway to Net-Zero Emissions for LNG, on a Well-to-Wake basis, for international shipping on this trade. The study presents a flexible and commercially attractive IMO compliant marine fuel strategy to ship owners, operators and charterers amidst competing alternative fuel. It proposes a ‘Green Corridor’ marine fuels solution for the Western Australia to China bulk minerals export trade route. 

Achieving Emissions Reduction 

The low-carbon LNG plant by Pilbara Clean Fuels has the potential to initially produce LNG with emissions of less than 200kg of GHG per tonne, which can be further reduced to around 50kg/t LNG (and potentially to zero through technology improvements).  

LNG bunkering in the Pilbara region offers a substantial voyage optimization by eliminating the need to deviate to other major bunkering hubs in the region, thus significantly reducing emissions. This also reduces by 25% the emissions associated with transporting LNG over long distances, compared to LNG bunkering in other ports and ensures competitive pricing for LNG.  

RINA’s bulk-carrier ship concept features a novel propulsion arrangement which achieves a fuel saving of 12% when running on LNG at current market speeds and offers the charterer greater fuel flexibility and enhanced economic benefits by reducing LNG consumption. This can lead to lower fuel running costs, particularly when compared with traditional fuel oil. 

It provides redundancy, significantly reducing the risk of black out, and does not suffer from well-known issues like acceleration through engine’s barred speed range. The ship can also harvest the benefits from wind propulsion. 

The proposal is flexible in fuel selection and, most importantly, the use of hydrogen produced on board is on demand. This concept, which produces carbon dioxide that is captured and stored onboard, can be delivered price-competitive as it has been designed to retrofit emissions-reduction equipment in stages to suit the owners’ requirements. The design allows charterers to modify the vessels with modular hydrogen production and carbon capture and storage (CCS) equipment to meet GHG compliance as needed.  

The bunker vessel design incorporates a hybrid energy system, including an 8MWh battery, allowing for emission free operation in port. This, alongside the onboard CGR-designed process plant for vapour recovery and re-liquefaction, significantly reduces emissions and enhances operational efficiency.  

The CO2 generated from onboard pre-combustion hydrogen production can economically be integrated into the large volume CCS hubs currently being developed in the Pilbara region by various third-party proponents. 

The combination of systems and technologies allows LNG-fuelled dry-bulk carriers to significantly reduce emissions today and to comply with the IMO 2023 GHG Reduction Strategy through to 2050. 

The study concludes that by implementing this holistic combined systems approach, Well-to-Wake emissions for the Pilbara to Asia export shipping industry can be reduced by more than 90% by 2050. The reduction of GHG emissions is achieved by progressively decreasing the LNG fuel share to the engines while proportionately increasing hydrogen usage. 

This allows for staged upgrades over the vessel’s lifetime to comply with the IMO requirements for continuously reducing GHG emissions. The ship-owner to decide which path to follow to stay ahead of compliance and competition. All necessary technologies for achieving Net Zero Emissions with LNG as a marine fuel already exist and are in use, marking the first time they have been proposed in combination, demonstrating a positive path to Net Zero Emissions for international shipping.  

The Joint Study results present a significant opportunity for decarbonising shipping in the Pilbara region and beyond, contributing to global efforts to combat climate change. 

Related: Hexagon Energy and Oceania ink MoU on low-emissions ammonia bunkering in Pilbara region
Related: Oceania Marine Energy and Pilbara Clean Fuels sign MoU for LNG marine fuel bunkering
Related: Pilbara Clean Fuels receives preliminary results of studies on eLNG plant project in Port Hedland
Related: Australia: McGowan Government advancing to establish LNG bunkering hub in Pilbara


Photo credit: william william on Unsplash
Published: 7 June 2024

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