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ENGINE: East of Suez Bunker Fuel Availability Outlook (18 June 2024)

HSFO availability tight in Zhoushan; VLSFO and LSMGO availability good across several Chinese ports; several East Asian ports could face weather disruptions.





The following article regarding regional bunker fuel availability outlook for the East of Suez region has been provided by online marine fuels procurement platform ENGINE for publication on Singapore bunkering publication Manifold Times:

  • HSFO availability tight in Zhoushan
  • VLSFO and LSMGO availability good across several Chinese ports
  • Several East Asian ports could face weather disruptions

Singapore and Southeast Asia

Lead times for VLSFO in Singapore have fluctuated lately, with most suppliers now indicating up to 17 days. However, some can accommodate stems within seven days. This reflects tightness compared to the previous week, when traders suggested lead times ranging between 2-11 days.

HSFO supply in the port remains limited, with recommended lead times of 11-14 days, virtually unchanged from last week. For LSMGO, lead times vary between 3-7 days.

Singapore’s residual fuel oil stocks have averaged 5% higher so far this month compared to May, according to Enterprise Singapore’s latest data. Despite a significant 43% decline in the port's net fuel imports this month, fuel oil stocks have risen above 19 million bbls. Fuel oil imports have fallen by 1.66 million bbls this month, while fuel oil exports have increased by a modest 30,000 bbls. In contrast, Singapore’s middle distillate stocks have averaged 7% lower this month.

In Malaysia’s Port Klang, both VLSFO and LSMGO grades are in ample supply, with some suppliers able to provide prompt deliveries for smaller parcel sizes. HSFO availability remains constrained due to limited product availability.

In the Indonesian ports of Jakarta and Surabaya, VLSFO and LSMGO availability remains good. Additionally, the port of Balikpapan has ample VLSFO supply, with recommended lead times of around four days.

East Asia

VLSFO and LSMGO supply in Zhoushan remains strong, with most suppliers maintaining lead times of 3-5 days, unchanged from last week. HSFO availability has tightened in Zhoushan, with most suppliers running low on HSFO stocks. The high-sulphur grade's lead times may differ across suppliers and are subject to firm enquiry, compared to lead times of 7-10 days last week. Some suppliers expect replenishment stocks to arrive early next month.

In Northern China, both VLSFO and LSMGO grades are available at Dalian port. Similarly, these grades are readily available in Qingdao and Tianjin, although HSFO supply is limited in these ports. In Shanghai, VLSFO and LSMGO availability remains good, while HSFO supply is scarce. In Fuzhou and Xiamen, VLSFO and LSMGO grades are readily available. Conversely, in Guangzhou and Yangpu, prompt availability of both low sulphur fuel grades is restricted.

In the Taiwanese ports of Hualien, Kaohsiung, Taichung, and Keelung, both VLSFO and LSMGO grades remain readily available, with short lead times of 2-4 days, consistent with last week.

All grades remain in ample supply in Hong Kong, with recommended lead times of around seven days.

All bunker fuel grades are available in South Korean ports, with most suppliers recommending lead times of 3-9 days. Strong winds and high waves could potentially affect bunker operations at the South Korean ports of Ulsan, Onsan, Busan, Daesan, Taean, and Yeosu on Friday and Saturday.

In Japan, varying lead times are advised across key ports. Suppliers in Tokyo, Chiba, Osaka, Kobe, Nagoya, and Yokkaichi recommend approximately 8-10 days of lead times, with longer lead times of 12-20 days in Mizushima and Oita.

The ports of Ho Chi Minh and Leam Chabang in Vietnam are bracing for inclement weather, which is expected to create difficult bunkering conditions intermittently during this week. Similarly, the Thai ports of Koh Sichang and Leam Chabang expect adverse weather from 21-24 June, potentially impacting bunker operations in these regions.


In Western Australia, VLSFO and LSMGO are available in the ports of Kwinana, Fremantle, and Kembla, with typical lead times of 7-8 days. In New South Wales, Sydney has readily available LSMGO, while HSFO is mostly available upon inquiry. In Victoria, both Melbourne and Geelong offer good availability of VLSFO and LSMGO, though prompt HSFO supply can be limited. In Queensland, Brisbane and Gladstone maintain sufficient stocks of VLSFO and LSMGO, with lead times of 7-8 days, but HSFO availability is constrained in Brisbane.

In New Zealand, Tauranga and Auckland have ample VLSFO supply, and LSMGO supply is decent in Auckland. However, adverse weather conditions throughout this week may impact bunker operations.

South Asia

In several Indian ports, including Kandla, Tuticorin, Chennai, Cochin, Visakhapatnam, and Haldia, VLSFO and LSMGO availability has been restricted due to supply shortages.

Adverse weather conditions are intermittently predicted throughout the week in the ports of Sikka, Kandla, Cochin, and Visakhapatnam, potentially disrupting bunker operations in these locations.

Additionally, bad weather is forecast in the Sri Lankan port of Colombo over the weekend, which may impact bunker deliveries.

Middle East

In the UAE ports of Fujairah and Khor Fakkan, prompt availability of all grades is limited, with most suppliers requiring lead times of 5-7 days.

In Saudi Arabia's Jeddah port, VLSFO and LSMGO supply is ample. VLSFO supply is tight in nearby Djibouti, while LSMGO is more readily available there.

In Iraq's Basrah, both VLSFO and LSMGO are readily available, but both grades are tight in Ras Laffan, Qatar.

LSMGO is readily available in the Omani ports of Sohar, Salalah, Muscat, and Duqm.

By Tuhin Roy


Photo credit and source: ENGINE
Published: 19 June 2024

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Singapore: EMA, MPA shortlist two consortia for ammonia power generation and bunkering

Chosen consortia are Keppel’s Infrastructure Division and Sembcorp-SLNG, and the bunkering players in these consortia are Itochu Corporation, NYK Line and Sumitomo Corporation.





RESIZED bunker tanker singapore

The Energy Market Authority (EMA) and the Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore (MPA) on Thursday (25 July) said they have shortlisted two consortia that will proceed to the next round of evaluations of proposals to provide a low- or zero-carbon ammonia solution on Jurong Island for power generation and bunkering. 

The two consortia were selected from a total of six that were earlier shortlisted in 2023 to participate in a restricted Request for Proposal (RFP), following an Expression of Interest (EOI) called in 2022. The bids were assessed based on the technical, safety and commercial aspects of their proposals. 

The two consortium leads are Keppel’s Infrastructure Division and Sembcorp-SLNG, and the bunkering players in these consortia are Itochu Corporation, Nippon Yusen Kabushiki Kaisha (NYK Line) and Sumitomo Corporation. The two consortia will proceed to conduct engineering, safety and emergency response studies for the proposed Project.

At the next phase, we will select one of the two bidders as the lead developer of the project. The lead developer will develop the end-to-end ammonia solution comprising (i) generating 55 to 65 MW of electricity from imported low- or zero-carbon ammonia via direct combustion in a Combined Cycle Gas Turbine; and (ii) facilitating ammonia bunkering at a capacity of at least 0.1 million tons per annum (MTPA), starting with shore-to-ship bunkering followed by ship-to-ship bunkering. 

Given the nascency of the technology and global supply chains, the Government will work closely with the appointed lead developer to implement the Project. We aim to announce the lead developer by Q1 2025.

The project is part of Singapore’s National Hydrogen Strategy launched in 2022, which outlines Singapore’s approach to develop low-carbon hydrogen as a major decarbonisation pathway as part of the nation’s commitment to achieve net zero emissions by 2050.

A key thrust of this strategy is to experiment with the use of advanced hydrogen technologies that are on the cusp of commercial readiness. Ammonia is currently one of the most technologically-ready hydrogen carriers with an established international supply chain for industrial use.

“If successful, the project will position Singapore as one of the first countries in the world to deploy a direct ammonia combustion power plant and support the development of ammonia bunkering for international shipping, EMA and MPA said.

“This will help to unlock the potential of low-carbon ammonia as a low-carbon fuel.”


Photo credit: Manifold Times
Published: 25 July 2024

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LNG Bunkering

China: River-sea LNG bunkering vessel named and delivered in Shanghai

The 14,000 cubic metre ship, “Huaihe Nengyuan Qihang”, was independently developed, designed and built by Hudong-Zhonghua Shipbuilding (Group) for Huaihe Energy Holding Group.





China: River-sea LNG bunkering vessel named and delivered in Shanghai

China’s river-to-sea LNG bunkering vessel, which was built locally, was named and delivered in Shanghai on Monday (19 July), according to the Shanghai Association of Shipbuilding Industry (SASIC). 

The 14,000 cubic metre (cbm) ship, Huaihe Nengyuan Qihang, was independently developed, designed and built by Hudong-Zhonghua Shipbuilding (Group) Co., Ltd for Huaihe Energy Holding Group as part of China’s "Gasification of the Yangtze River” project.

The ship is capable of travelling through the Nanjing Yangtze River Bridge all year round and has been dubbed a “Customised Yangtze River” LNG refuelling and transportation ship.

The ship is equipped with the B-type LNG containment system independently developed by Hudong-Zhonghua and authorised by a national patent.

According to SASIC, this was the first time such a system has been applied to a domestic LNG  refuelling and transportation ship, marking a major breakthrough in the B-type LNG containment system developed by China with independent intellectual property rights.

Related: China’s first river-sea LNG bunkering ship completes inaugural bunkering operation

Disclaimer: The above article published by Manifold Times was sourced from China’s domestic market through a local correspondent. While considerable efforts have been taken to verify its accuracy through a professional translator and processed from sources believed to be reliable, no warranty is made regarding the accuracy, completeness and reliability of any information.


Photo credit: Shanghai Shipbuilding Industry Association
Published: 25 July 2024

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Singapore-flagged tanker “Hafnia Nile” to be moved to safe location for cargo transfer

“Hafnia Nile” and the Sao Tome and Principe-flagged “Ceres I” collided and caught fire about 55km northeast of Pedra Branca on 19 July.





Singapore-flagged tanker “Hafnia Nile” to be moved to safe location for cargo transfer

Shipowner Hafnia, the operator of Singapore-flagged tanker Hafnia Nile, is in discussion with The Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore (MPA) on a safe location to transfer the ship’s cargo, MPA said on Wednesday (24 July). 

They are also discussing towage plans for repairs to be approved by MPA.

Hafnia Nile and the Sao Tome and Principe-flagged Ceres I collided and caught fire about 55km northeast of Pedra Branca on 19 July.

“An additional tug with deep-sea towing capacity has arrived on site on 23 July 2024, joining four other tugs equipped with oil response and firefighting capabilities,” MPA said. 

In a meeting with MPA on 23 July, Hafnia informed MPA of light oil sheens near Hafnia Nile

“As part of the towage plan, Hafnia will arrange for repairs, containment and clean-up of the assessed localised seepage,” it added.

Reuters reported Hafnia stating that an initial assessment by a team of specialists conducting inspections of damaged areas of the tanker, showed Hafnia Nile's engine room had suffered damage from the fire.

Hafnia also reportedly said a salvage team has boarded the vessel and transferred equipment from one of the attending tugs on site to contain and stop any localised seepage.

Manifold Times previously reported Ceres 1 allegedly leaving the site of the collision as of 20 July and turned off its Automatic Identification System (AIS) but was believed to be in Malaysian waters.

The Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency (MMEA) was able to locate Ceres 1 some 28 nautical miles northeast of Pulau Tioman.

Related: “Ceres 1” goes dark after collision with Singapore-flagged tanker, located by MMEA
Related: MPA: Fire breaks out on two ships near Pedra Branca, search and rescue underway


Photo credit: Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency
Published: 25 July 2024

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