• Follow Us On Our Preferred Social Media Platform:

Dan-Bunkering trial: Court denies request sending case to European Court of Justice

29 Nov 2021

Disclaimer: An online translation service was used in the production of the current editorial piece, which Manifold Times had reproduction permission from Danish Radio (DR).

The case against Dan-Bunkering was heard in trial at the court in Odense on Thursday (25 November), according to DR.

Dan-Bunkering, a parent company of Bunker Holding and top director Keld Demant, were accused of supplying jet fuel for use in Syria in violation of EU sanctions.

Defence lawyers representing the duo on Wednesday (24 November) argued the trial court should seek assistance from the European Court of Justice in Luxembourg due to its complications. 

However, the presiding judge rejected the defence’s request.

Presiding judge Jens Lind said “the court does not find it necessary to ask the European Court of Justice to interpret the legal basis and make a decision in the case.”

Thereafter, the court continued its hearing session with presiding judge Jens Lind and two judges.

Disagreement over who the sanctions actually apply to

Overall, Dan-Bunkering believes deliveries of jet fuel for which they are accused do not fall within the EU’s sanctions.

According to the indictments, the jet fuel ended up in Russian fighter jets in Syria via intermediaries.

The EU’s ban on supplies of jet fuel only applies if it has ended up with Syrians in Syria,” said Dan-Bunkering’s defender, Jacob Skude Rasmussen.

Russia sent fighter jets to Syria in September 2015 and began heavy bombardments in support of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad. But in 2014, Russia was not mentioned in the EU ban against the supply of jet fuel for use in Syria, Dan-Bunkering’s defender explained in court.

Jacob Skude Rasmussen pointed out western countries such as Denmark and USA also sent fighter jets over Syria to bomb Islamist groups and no one in that connection has questioned where the jet fuel came from.

“The ban does not cover other countries’ use of jet fuel in Syria,” the defender concluded.

“It is very far-reaching if it is private companies that have to decide who is the good or the bad in Syria,” he adds.

Accusations: Russian forces are covered

Prosecutors, on the other hand, do not believe there is any doubt the EU ban includes the Russian forces that bombed in support of the Syrian regime.

“The ban is so broadly worded that others than Syrians must be covered,” said Senior Prosecutor Andreas Laursen in court

Article 7A of the EU Syria Regulation states: It is prohibited to sell, supply, transfer or export jet fuel and fuel additives, (…) directly or indirectly to persons, entities or bodies in Syria or for use in Syria.

The senior prosecutor pointed out that when Russia entered the war, it was on the side of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad.

“The purpose of the sanctions was to hit the Assad regime because the regime oppresses the population. Russia turned the war in Assad’s favor, we have heard expert witnesses explain. Thus, the purpose of the sanctions falls into place: to prevent the repression,” adds Andreas Laursen.

A question of chain responsibility

Defence lawyers argued, no matter who the ban included, Dan-Bunkering’s responsibility ended long before deliveries of jet fuel eventually reached Syria.

According to the indictment, from 2015 to 2017, the company supplied jet fuel to Russian ships that sailed it on to Syria – in some cases after the fuel had been transshipped to a new ship in the Mediterranean.

“Dan-Bunkering has only delivered jet fuel in European ports in Greece, Cyprus, Turkey and Malta,” said the company’s defender Jacob Skude Rasmussen on Wednesday.

EU’s sanctions make it forbidden to supply jet fuel both directly and indirectly to Syria.

“But we do not believe that the word ‘indirect’ means that there is a responsibility for what the next link in the chain does to the product,” the defender added.

Jacob Skude Rasmussen also believed, as a third point, Dan-Bunkering can only be judged by EU law if the company knew it was infringing the ban and not alone should have known.

Note: Earlier Manifold Times coverage regarding Bunker Holding/Dan-Bunkering’s alleged breaches of EU sanctions can be found below:

Related: Dan-Bunkering trial: Denmark also bombed Syria, confirms defence counsel
Related: Dan-Bunkering trial: Prosecutors question Bunker Holding CEO Keld Demant
Related: Dan-Bunkering trial: Prosecution examines revealing email to Group Directors
Related: Dan-Bunkering trial: Hearing resumes after accusation of impartiality
RelatedDan-Bunkering trial: Hearing temporarily suspended due to impartiality
Related: Prominent prosecutor to lead spectacular lawsuit against Dan-Bunkering
RelatedBunker Holding:  ‘No signs’ in alleged breach of EU sanctions post internal investigation
Related: Experts: Bunker Holding alleged jet fuel sale significant to outcome of Syrian War
Related: Bunker Holding ‘surprised’ at fuel sale charge; maintains ‘full confidence’ in Group CEO
Related: Danish prosecutor proposes jail sentence for Bunker Holding Group CEO over jet fuel sale
Related: Bunker Holding & Dan Bunkering allegedly charged over EU sanctions violations
Related: Dan Bunkering ‘surprised’ SØIK has pressed charges over alleged EU sanction violations
Related: Dan-Bunkering: Everything has been investigated – the case should be closed
Related: Name ban on parties involved with Dan-Bunkering Syrian jet fuel deal lifted
Related: Dan-Bunkering Middelfart office searched by commercial crimes police
Related: Firm linked to alleged Dan-Bunkering Syrian war activities under sanction
Related: Update: Dan-Bunkering Syria jet fuel supply ops allegedly longer than thought
Related: Dan-Bunkering faces preliminary charges by SOIK with violation of EU Syria sanctions
Related: Investigations on Dan-Bunkering over alleged Syrian jet fuel deal start
Related: Danske Bank casts doubts on Dan-Bunkering reason for Syria investigation
Related: Danske Bank reported Dan-Bunkering to police in EU sanctions case
Related: Bunker company acknowledges flawed statement in EU sanctions case
Related: Unioil Supply dragged into Dan-Bunkering sanctions allegations
Related: Dan-Bunkering has not violated EU’s sanctions against Syria, it insists
Related: Nordea highlights stance on compliance after Dan-Bunkering discovery
Related: Danish media alleges Dan-Bunkering jet fuel deliveries during Syria war

 

Photo credit: CC BY-SA 4.0 / Luxofluxo
Source: DR
Published: 29 November, 2021

Related News

Featured News

Our Industry Partners

  • argus

PR Newswire