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ReCAAP 2019 report highlights 82 incidents of piracy activities against ships in Asia

16 Jan 2020

The ReCaap Information Sharing Centre (ISC) on Wednesday (15 January) released its Annual Report 2019 highlighting piracy and armed robbery rates against ships in Asia during January to December 2019. Highlights of the report are as follows:

Overall Situation

  •  A total of 82 incidents of piracy and armed robbery against ships in Asia were reported from January to December 2019, comprising 71 actual incidents and 11 attempted incidents.
  • This represents an increase of 8% (6 incidents) in the total number of incidentsand an increase of 15% (9 incidents) in actual incidents, compared to 2018.
  • Despite an increase from 2018, these numbers are still the second lowest since 2007when ReCAAP ISC started the report of incidents (2018 being the year of the lowest number of incidents).
  • The severity levelof incidents has not worsened in 2019 compared to 2018:
    • 2 incidents of Category 1 (same as in 2018)
    • Decrease of Category 2 (from 8 to 6)
    • 69% of incidents were Category 4 (perpetrators not armed, crew not  harmed)

Area of Improvement

  • There was a decrease of incidents mainly at ports and anchoragesin Bangladesh, Indonesia and the Philippines:
    • Bangladesh: zero incident from 11 in 2018
    • Indonesia: 23 incidents from 27 in 2018
    • The Philippines: 6 incidents from 9 in 2018

Increase of incidents 

  • There was an increase of incidents in two locations, compared to 2018:
    • The Singapore Strait: 31 incidents from 7 in 2018
    • Off Bandar Penawar, Johor, Malaysia: 5 incidents from zero in 2018

Situation in the Singapore Strait

  • In 2019, a total of 31 incidentsoccurred in the Singapore Strait, of which 15 occurred in westbound lane of the Traffic Separation Scheme (TSS) mostly from January to August, and 16 in the eastbound lane of the TSS from the end of September to December.
  • 14 out of 15 incidents in the westbound laneof the TSS were on board barges towed by tug boats:
    • The stolen items were mainly scrap metals from barges (9 incidents)
    • Since barges were unmanned, there was no confrontation between the crew and perpetrators and no injury of the crew
  • 16 ships boarded in the eastbound laneof the TSS were bulk carriers (8), tankers (4), barges towed by tug boats (3), and VLCC (1):
    • In 10 incidents, nothing was stolen since the perpetrators escaped empty-handed once an alarm was activated
    • In 6 incidents, items such as engine spares, scrap metals, locks and ropes and personal belongings were stolen
    • In 7 incidents, the perpetrators were discovered in the engine room; this may indicate that they targeted engine parts
    • There were confrontations between the crew and perpetrators; in one incident, two crew members received minor injuries and in three incidents, some crew members were tied up
  • A medium-term trend in the Singapore Strait:
    • 99 incidents in 2015, 2 incidents in 2016, 8 incidents in 2017 and 7 incidents in 2018, 31 incidents in 2019
  • ReCAAP ISC calls upon the littoral States to step up surveillance and patrol as well as to enhance their cooperation. The shipping industry is advised to exercise utmost vigilance, adopt preventive measures and report all incidents immediately to the nearest coastal State.

Situation in the Sulu-Celebes Seas and Waters off Eastern Sabah

  • In 2019, there were two actual incidents of abduction of crewin the Sulu-Celebes Seas and waters off Eastern Sabah (2 actual and 1 attempted incidents in 2018).
  • On 8 June 2019, nine crew were abducted from two fishing boats in the waters off Eastern Sabah, Malaysia; all crew were released on 21 June 2019.
  • On 23 September 2019, three crew were abducted from a fishing boat in the waters off Eastern Sabah, Malaysia; two crew were rescued on 22 December 2019 and one crew still remains in captivity.
  • As a medium-term trend, the number of incidents has been decreasing since 2016:
    • In 2016: 12 actual and 6 attempted incidents
    • In 2017: 3 actual and 4 attempted incidents
    • In 2018: 2 actual and 1 attempted incidents
    • In 2019: 2 actual incidents
  • The risk of abduction of crew still remains in the area. Shipping companies are advised to refer to the Guidance on Abduction of Crew published by ReCAAP ISC in July 2019.

Incidents off Bandar Penawar, Johor, Malaysia

  • In 2019, five incidentsoccurred on board ships anchored off Bandar Penawar, outside the designated anchorage areas of the littoral States. Ship masters are advised to anchor the ships in the designated anchorage areas for better surveillance.

The Annual Report 2019 was released at the 11th Nautical Forum in Singapore which was attended by more than 120 participants from shipping companies, industry associations, government agencies, diplomatic missions as well as academic institutions.

“The 15% year-on-year increase in the actual number of incidents in 2019 as well as a spike of incidents in the Singapore Strait are a stark reminder that government agencies and the shipping industry should continuously uphold their respective efforts as a shared responsibility,” said ReCAAP ISC Executive Director Masafumi Kuroki.

“Regional cooperation among coastal States and mutual cooperation between government agencies and the shipping industry are key to ensure the safety of seafarers and safe navigation of ships,” he concluded.


Photo credit: ReCaap Information Sharing Centre
Published: 16 January, 2020

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